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The fiction section from Laurence Perrine's all-time bestselling introduction to literature, this concise, authoritative text provides a complete overview of the essential elements of fiction, along with a diverse selection of stories to illustrate them. This reliable, well-written classic has introduced thousands of students to the serious study of fiction, yet it remains vital and compelling for today's readers, presenting the most important and engaging stories available in a single collection. The section on three featured writers, James Joyce, Flannery O'Connor, and Joyce Carol Oates, includes three stories by each author (at least one of them new for Joyce and O'Connor), as well as essays, some new, by noted critics on their works.
Part I: THE ELEMENTS OF FICTION. 1. Reading the Story. Reviewing Chapter One. Richard Connell, "The Most Dangerous Game." Tobias Wolff, "Hunters in the Snow." Understanding and Evaluating Fiction. Suggestions for Writing. 2. Plot and Structure. Reviewing Chapter Two. Graham Greene, "The Destructors." Alice Munro, "How I Met My Husband." Jhumpa Lahiri, "Interpreter of Maladies." Suggestions for Writing. 3. Characterization. Reviewing Chapter Three. Alice Walker, "Everyday Use." Katherine Mansfield, "Miss Brill." James Baldwin, "Sonny's Blues." Suggestions for Writing. 4. Theme. Reviewing Chapter Four. F. Scott Fitzgerald, "Babylon Revisited." Anton Chekhov, "Misery." Eudora Welty, "A Worn Path." Nadine Gordimer, "Once Upon a Time." Suggestions for Writing. 5. Point of View. Reviewing Chapter Five. Willa Cather, "Paul's Case." Shirley Jackson, "The Lottery." Katherine Anne Porter, "The Jilting of Granny Weatherall." Ernest Hemingway, "Hills Like White Elephants." Suggestions for Writing. 6. Symbol, Allegory, and Fantasy. Reviewing Chapter Six. D. H. Lawrence, "The Rocking-Horse Winner." Nathaniel Hawthorne, "Young Goodman Brown." Charlotte Perkins Gilman, "The Yellow Wallpaper." Gabriel Garcia Marquez, "A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings." Suggestions for Writing. 7. Humor and Irony. Reviewing Chapter Seven. Frank O'Connor, "The Drunkard." Margaret Atwood, "Rape Fantasies." Albert Camus, "The Guest." Suggestions for Writing. 8. Evaluating Fiction. Reviewing Chapter Eight. Elizabeth Berg, "The Matchmaker." Bernard Malamud, "The Magic Barrel." Suggestions for Writing. Part II: THREE FEATURED WRITERS: JAMES JOYCE, FLANNERY O'CONNOR, JOYCE CAROL OATES. Introduction. James Joyce, "Araby." "The Sisters." "The Boarding House." Critical Perspectives on Joyce. Craig Hansen Werner, "From Dubliners: A Pluralistic World." J. S. Atherton, From "Araby." Epifanio San Juan, Jr. From "The Sisters." Fritz Senn, From "'The Boarding House' Seen as a Tale of Misdirection." Flannery O'Connor, "A Good Man Is Hard to Find." "Everything That Rises Must Converge." "Good Country People." Critical Perspectives on O'Connor. Flannery O'Connor, "Letter to a Professor of English." Madison Jones, From "A Good Man's Predicament." Dorothy Walters, On "Everything That Rises Must Converge." Sarah Gordon, On "Good Country People." Joyce Carol Oates, "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" "Life after High School." "June Birthing." Critical Perspectives on Oates. Joyce Carol Oates, From "Stories That Define Me: The Making of a Writer." Joyce Carol Oates, "'Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?' and Smooth Talk: Short Story into Film." Elaine Showalter, On "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?".Greg Johnson, On "Life After High School" and "June Birthing." Part III: WRITING ABOUT FICTION. I. Why Write about Literature? II. For Whom Do You Write? III. Two Basic Approaches. 1. Explication. 2. Analysis. IV. Choosing a Topic 1. Papers That Focus on a Single Story. 2. Papers of Comparison and Contrast. 3. Papers on a Number of Works by a Single Author. 4. Papers on a Number of Works with Some Feature Other Than Authorship in Common. V. Proving Your Point. VI. Writing the Paper. VII. Writing In-Class Essays or Essay Tests. VIII. Introducing Quotations (Q1-Q10). IX. Documentation. 1. Textual Documentation (TD1-TD4). 2. Parenthetical Documentation (PD1-PD6). 3. Documentation by List of Works Cited. 4. Documentation of Electronic Sources. X. Stance and Style (S1-S6). XI. Grammar, Punctuation, and Usage: Common Problems. 1. Grammar (G1-G2). 2. Punctuation (P1-P5). 3. Usage (U1-U2). XII. Writing Samples. 1. Fiction Explication: The Indeterminate Ending in "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" 2. Fiction Analysis: The Function of the Frame Story in "Once Upon a Time." Part IV: STORIES FOR FURTHER READING. John Cheever, "The Swimmer." Kate Chopin, "The Story of an Hour." William Faulkner, "A Rose for Emily." Susan Glaspell, "A Jury of Her Peers." Zora Neale Hurston, "Spunk." Henry James, "The Real Thing." Ursula K. Le Guin, "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas." Herman Melville, "Bartleby the Scrivener." Edgar Allan Poe, "The Tell-Tale Heart." Elizabeth Strout, "A Little Burst." John Updike, "A & P."