Person Reference in Interaction: Linguistic, Cultural and Social Perspectives

Person Reference in Interaction: Linguistic, Cultural and Social Perspectives

by N. J. Enfield
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521872456

ISBN-13: 9780521872454

Pub. Date: 06/28/2015

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

How do we refer to people in everyday conversation? No matter the language or culture, we must choose from a range of options: full name ('Robert Smith'), reduced name ('Bob'), description ('tall guy'), kin term ('my son'), epithet ('birthday boy'), etc. Our choices reflect how we know that person in context, and allow us to take a particular perspective on them. This…  See more details below

Overview

How do we refer to people in everyday conversation? No matter the language or culture, we must choose from a range of options: full name ('Robert Smith'), reduced name ('Bob'), description ('tall guy'), kin term ('my son'), epithet ('birthday boy'), etc. Our choices reflect how we know that person in context, and allow us to take a particular perspective on them. This book brings together a team of leading linguists, sociologists and anthropologists to show that there is more to person reference than meets the eye. Drawing on video-recorded, everyday interactions in nine languages, it examines the fascinating ways in which we exploit person reference for social and cultural purposes, and reveals the underlying principles of person reference across cultures from the Americas to Asia to the South Pacific. Combining rich ethnographic detail with cross-linguistic generalizations, it will be welcomed by anyone interested in the relationship between language, cognition and culture.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521872454
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
06/28/2015
Series:
Language Culture and Cognition Series, #7
Pages:
368
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 1.06(d)

Table of Contents


List of contributors     vii
Preface     ix
Acknowledgements     x
Person reference in interaction   Tanya Stivers   N.J. Enfield   Stephen C. Levinson     1
Person reference as a system     21
Two preferences in the organization of reference to persons in conversation and their interaction   Harvey Sacks   Emanuel A. Schegloff     23
Optimizing person reference - perspectives from usage on Rossel Island   Stephen C. Levinson     29
Alternative recognitionals in person reference   Tanya Stivers     73
Meanings of the unmarked: how 'default' person reference does more than just refer   N. J. Enfield     91
The person reference system in operation     121
Conveying who you are: the presentation of self, strictly speaking   Emanuel A. Schegloff     123
Person reference in Yucatec Maya conversation   William F. Hanks     149
Principles of person reference in Tzeltal conversation   Penelope Brown     172
The interactional meanings of quasi-pronouns in Korean conversation   Sun-Young Oh     203
Person reference in Tzotzil gossip: referring dupliciter   John B. Haviland     226
The personreference as a system in trouble     253
Intersubjectivity and progressivity in person (and place) reference   John Heritage     255
Repairing person reference in a small Caribbean community   Jack Sidnell     281
Reference and 'reference dangereuse' to persons in Kilivila: an overview and a case study   Gunter Senft     309
References     338
Index     353

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