Personality and Individual Differences / Edition 1

Personality and Individual Differences / Edition 1

by Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic
     
 

Personality and Individual Differences is a state-of-the-art undergraduate textbook that covers the salient and recent literature on personality, intellectual ability, motivation, and other individual differences such as creativity, emotional intelligence, leadership, and vocational interests. As well as introducing all topics relating to individual differences this… See more details below

Overview

Personality and Individual Differences is a state-of-the-art undergraduate textbook that covers the salient and recent literature on personality, intellectual ability, motivation, and other individual differences such as creativity, emotional intelligence, leadership, and vocational interests. As well as introducing all topics relating to individual differences this book examines and discusses many important underlying issues, such as the psychometric approach to latent variables, validity, reliability, and correlations between constructs. An essential textbook for first-time as well as more advanced students of the discipline, Personality and Individual Differences provides grounding in all the major aspects of differential psychology.

About the Author:
Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic is a lecturer in psychology at Goldsmiths, University of London

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781405130080
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
05/28/2007
Series:
BPS Textbooks in Psychology Series, #4
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
240
Product dimensions:
8.70(w) x 10.90(h) x 0.52(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Acknowledgments
About the Author

Chapter 1 Introducing Individual Differences - from Everyday to Psychological Questions
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Personality: A Commonsense Idea
1.3 Describing Individuals
1.4 Abnormality
1.5 Intelligence, Competition, and Adaptation
1.6 Predicting Success
1.7 Born Different?
1.8 Other Abilities
1.9 Variability and Change: Motivation and Mood States
1.10 Creativity
1.11 Leading the Way
1.12 Interests

Chapter 2 Personality, Part I
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Overview and Approaches
2.3 Definition of Personality Traits
2.4 History of Personality
2.5 Personality Traits and States: Dispositional vs. Situational Approaches
2.6 Eysenck's Gigantic Three and the Biological Basis of Personality Traits
2.7 Self-Report Inventories
2.8 The Biological Basis of Personality
2.9 Gray's Personality Theory
2.10 Cattell's 16PF and the Lexical Hypothesis
2.11 The Five Factor Model (Big Five)
2.12 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 3 Personality, Part II - Validating Personality Traits
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Testing Personality Theories
3.3 Personality and Social Behavior
3.4 Personality and Romantic Relationships
3.5 Personality and Performance
3.6 Personality and Health
3.7 Personality and Happiness
3.8 Current Developments Outside the Dispositional Paradigm
3.9 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 4 Psychopathology
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Defining Abnormality
4.3 Historical Roots of Psychopathology
4.4 Modern Approaches to Psychopathology
4.5 Integrative Approaches to Psychopathology: The Biopsychosocial Model
4.6 Diagnosis: Classifying Psychological Disorders
4.7 Major Psychological Disorders
4.8 Criticisms of the Diagnostic Approach
4.9 Dimensional View of Psychopathology and Personality Disorders
4.10 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 5 Intelligence, Part I
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Defining Intelligence
5.3 History of Intelligence Testing
5.4 Cattell's Theory of Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence
5.5 Genetic vs. Environmental Causes of Intelligence
5.6 Piaget and the Developmental Theory of Cognitive Ability
5.7 The Great Debate: G vs. Multiple Abilities
5.8 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 6 Intelligence, Part II - Validating Intelligence and Correlates of IQ (Causes and Consequences)
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Wechsler's IQ Scale
6.3 Intelligence at School and University: Educational Outcomes
6.4 In the Job: Occupational Outcomes of Intelligence
6.5 Intelligence, Longevity, and Health
6.6 Intelligence and Social Class
6.7 Race and Sex Differences in IQ: Facts, Controversies, and Implications
6.8 Sex Differences in IQ
6.9 Even More Basic: Decomposing Intelligence
6.10 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 7 Behavioral Genetics
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Early Foundations of Behavior Genetics
7.3 DNA: Some Background
7.4 The Power of Genes: Recent Evidence for The Heritability of Intelligence
7.5 Intelligence and Assortative Mating
7.6 The Importance of the Environment
7.7 Biological Effects on Intelligence: Why Do they Increase Across the Lifespan?
7.8 Genetic Causes of Personality Traits
7.9 Genetic Basis of Maladaptive Behaviors
7.10 Personality and Intelligence: Interplay Between Environment and Genes?
7.11 Implications for Upbringing and Education
7.12 Contradicting Genetics: The Flynn Effect
7.13 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 8 Beyond IQ - Theories of Hot Intelligence
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Streetwise Rather than Book Smart
8.3 Early Beginnings: Thorndike's Social Intelligence
8.4 Theoretical Importance of Social Intelligence
8.5 Early Problems
8.6 Recent Approaches: From Multidimensionality to Implicit Theories
8.7 Emotional Intelligence
8.8 Debate and Controversy Surrounding Emotional Intelligence
8.9 Origins and Measurement Problems of EQ
8.10 Trait Emotional Intelligence: Emotional Self-Efficacy
8.11 Practical Intelligence
8.12 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 9 Mood and Motivation
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Beyond or Underneath Traits
9.3 Defining Motivation
9.4 From Biological Reflexes to Psychological Self-Realization
9.5 Mood States
9.6 Structure of Mood
9.7 Situational Determinants of Mood
9.8 Dispositional Influences on Mood States
9.9 Integrative and Recent Approaches to Mood States
9.10 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 10 Creativity
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Definitions and Conceptualizations of Creativity
10.3 Creativity Across Different Psychological Paradigms
10.4 Differential Approaches to Creativity
10.5 Creativity and Intelligence
10.6 Creativity and Personality Traits
10.7 Testing Creativity
10.8 Creativity in Different Fields (From Arts to Science)
10.9 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 11 Leadership
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Approaches to Leadership
11.3 Behavioral Approaches: Leadership Styles
11.4 Leadership and Gender
11.5 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 12 Vocational Interests
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Approaches to Vocational Interests
12.3 Linking Theory and Practice
12.4 Stability of Interests: Evidence for Dispositional Nature
12.5 Gender Differences in Vocational Interests
12.6 Person-environment Fit
12.7 Holland's Riasec Typology
12.8 Prediger's Three-Factor Model
12.9 Holland and the Big Five
12.10 Circumscription and Compromise: Gottfredson's Theory
12.11 Trait Complexes and Interests
12.12 Summary and Conclusions

Glossary
References
Index

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