Personality and Individual Differences / Edition 1

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Overview

Personality and Individual Differences is a state-of-the-art undergraduate textbook that covers the salient and recent literature on personality, intellectual ability, motivation, and other individual differences such as creativity, emotional intelligence, leadership, and vocational interests. As well as introducing all topics relating to individual differences this book examines and discusses many important underlying issues, such as the psychometric approach to latent variables, validity, reliability, and correlations between constructs. An essential textbook for first-time as well as more advanced students of the discipline, Personality and Individual Differences provides grounding in all the major aspects of differential psychology.

About the Author:
Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic is a lecturer in psychology at Goldsmiths, University of London

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What People Are Saying

From the Publisher
“What most people want from a textbook is that it is up-to-date, well-written, succinct, and well-produced. This excellent new text admirably fulfils all those criteria. It is, for the record, also very well-referenced, with useful diagrams, summaries, and key readings. Written by one of the rising stars of differential psychology, it is a must-buy for all those interested in the latest research in this area.”
Adrian Furnham, University College London

Personality and Individual Differences is an accomplished survey of research on personality, intelligence, motivation, and other key individual difference factors. It succeeds admirably in presenting both received wisdom and new frontiers for differential psychology. The writing is always engaging, accessible, and insightful, and students and established researchers alike will find much of value in this book.”
Gerald Matthews, University of Cincinnati

“This new book on individual differences by Chamorro-Premuzic has much to recommend it. The topic of individual differences is crucially important for anyone interested in the practical implications of psychology. Nonetheless, judgment is required in the choice of subjects – and, in this case, the organization and topic selection is optimal. But, best of all, the book is clearly written and a joy to read; it is likely to become the standard for the field.”
Robert Hogan, Hogan Assessment System

“This excellent textbook has been written by a colleague with an active research presence in differential psychology and provides comprehensive coverage of the latest developments in multiple fronts of the field. Indeed, the author often engages with the literature far more deeply and critically than we have come to expect from the typical introductory textbook. As regards the organization of the book and accompanying learning aids and illustrations, they are didactically exemplary. We will be seeing many editions of this textbook – and deservedly so.”
K. V. Petrides, Institute of Education, University of London

“This textbook is an excellent introduction to the study of the domain of individual differences. Undergraduate students will like the catchy format of the chapters, built around key questions and including short definitions of the key terms and clarifying figures on the relationships between constructs. The chapters assume only baseline knowledge of data analysis and statistics making this textbook attractive for a broad audience. Lecturers will appreciate the range of themes covered, and the attention for applications of individual differences research. In sum, this book is a must for all involved in the teaching of differential psychology in undergraduate programmes.”
Filip De Fruyt, Ghent University

“This book, from a highly visible researcher in the field, can be commended for its coverage of the field and its highly readable style. It qualifies as an excellent textbook. What I liked most was the successful attempt to elaborate relations and interfaces between personality constructs as well as their relevance for everyday life.”
Aljoscha Neubauer, University of Graz

“Differential psychology is gaining prominence again in modern psychology. The topics of intelligence, personality, and other psychological differences are increasingly seen as important predictors of life outcomes, and as important outcomes in themselves. The field is sorely lacking accessible introductory accounts of differential psychology. On reading Chamorro-Premuzic’s book, students will appreciate the topics addressed by this branch of psychology. The appreciation will be increased by the great human interest of the examples chosen by the author. It is hoped that this friendly introduction will engage students to pursue differential psychology further and become familiar with, and then master, the techniques that make the area so powerful in understanding why we differ from each other.” 
Ian J. Deary, University of Edinburgh

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781405130080
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 5/28/2007
  • Series: BPS Textbooks in Psychology Series , #4
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 240
  • Product dimensions: 8.70 (w) x 10.90 (h) x 0.52 (d)

Meet the Author

Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic is a Reader in Psychology at Goldsmiths, University of London, and visiting professor at NYU in London.

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Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Acknowledgments
About the Author

Chapter 1 Introducing Individual Differences - from Everyday to Psychological Questions
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Personality: A Commonsense Idea
1.3 Describing Individuals
1.4 Abnormality
1.5 Intelligence, Competition, and Adaptation
1.6 Predicting Success
1.7 Born Different?
1.8 Other Abilities
1.9 Variability and Change: Motivation and Mood States
1.10 Creativity
1.11 Leading the Way
1.12 Interests

Chapter 2 Personality, Part I
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Overview and Approaches
2.3 Definition of Personality Traits
2.4 History of Personality
2.5 Personality Traits and States: Dispositional vs. Situational Approaches
2.6 Eysenck's Gigantic Three and the Biological Basis of Personality Traits
2.7 Self-Report Inventories
2.8 The Biological Basis of Personality
2.9 Gray's Personality Theory
2.10 Cattell's 16PF and the Lexical Hypothesis
2.11 The Five Factor Model (Big Five)
2.12 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 3 Personality, Part II - Validating Personality Traits
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Testing Personality Theories
3.3 Personality and Social Behavior
3.4 Personality and Romantic Relationships
3.5 Personality and Performance
3.6 Personality and Health
3.7 Personality and Happiness
3.8 Current Developments Outside the Dispositional Paradigm
3.9 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 4 Psychopathology
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Defining Abnormality
4.3 Historical Roots of Psychopathology
4.4 Modern Approaches to Psychopathology
4.5 Integrative Approaches to Psychopathology: The Biopsychosocial Model
4.6 Diagnosis: Classifying Psychological Disorders
4.7 Major Psychological Disorders
4.8 Criticisms of the Diagnostic Approach
4.9 Dimensional View of Psychopathology and Personality Disorders
4.10 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 5 Intelligence, Part I
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Defining Intelligence
5.3 History of Intelligence Testing
5.4 Cattell's Theory of Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence
5.5 Genetic vs. Environmental Causes of Intelligence
5.6 Piaget and the Developmental Theory of Cognitive Ability
5.7 The Great Debate: G vs. Multiple Abilities
5.8 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 6 Intelligence, Part II - Validating Intelligence and Correlates of IQ (Causes and Consequences)
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Wechsler's IQ Scale
6.3 Intelligence at School and University: Educational Outcomes
6.4 In the Job: Occupational Outcomes of Intelligence
6.5 Intelligence, Longevity, and Health
6.6 Intelligence and Social Class
6.7 Race and Sex Differences in IQ: Facts, Controversies, and Implications
6.8 Sex Differences in IQ
6.9 Even More Basic: Decomposing Intelligence
6.10 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 7 Behavioral Genetics
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Early Foundations of Behavior Genetics
7.3 DNA: Some Background
7.4 The Power of Genes: Recent Evidence for The Heritability of Intelligence
7.5 Intelligence and Assortative Mating
7.6 The Importance of the Environment
7.7 Biological Effects on Intelligence: Why Do they Increase Across the Lifespan?
7.8 Genetic Causes of Personality Traits
7.9 Genetic Basis of Maladaptive Behaviors
7.10 Personality and Intelligence: Interplay Between Environment and Genes?
7.11 Implications for Upbringing and Education
7.12 Contradicting Genetics: The Flynn Effect
7.13 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 8 Beyond IQ - Theories of Hot Intelligence
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Streetwise Rather than Book Smart
8.3 Early Beginnings: Thorndike's Social Intelligence
8.4 Theoretical Importance of Social Intelligence
8.5 Early Problems
8.6 Recent Approaches: From Multidimensionality to Implicit Theories
8.7 Emotional Intelligence
8.8 Debate and Controversy Surrounding Emotional Intelligence
8.9 Origins and Measurement Problems of EQ
8.10 Trait Emotional Intelligence: Emotional Self-Efficacy
8.11 Practical Intelligence
8.12 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 9 Mood and Motivation
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Beyond or Underneath Traits
9.3 Defining Motivation
9.4 From Biological Reflexes to Psychological Self-Realization
9.5 Mood States
9.6 Structure of Mood
9.7 Situational Determinants of Mood
9.8 Dispositional Influences on Mood States
9.9 Integrative and Recent Approaches to Mood States
9.10 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 10 Creativity
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Definitions and Conceptualizations of Creativity
10.3 Creativity Across Different Psychological Paradigms
10.4 Differential Approaches to Creativity
10.5 Creativity and Intelligence
10.6 Creativity and Personality Traits
10.7 Testing Creativity
10.8 Creativity in Different Fields (From Arts to Science)
10.9 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 11 Leadership
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Approaches to Leadership
11.3 Behavioral Approaches: Leadership Styles
11.4 Leadership and Gender
11.5 Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 12 Vocational Interests
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Approaches to Vocational Interests
12.3 Linking Theory and Practice
12.4 Stability of Interests: Evidence for Dispositional Nature
12.5 Gender Differences in Vocational Interests
12.6 Person-environment Fit
12.7 Holland's Riasec Typology
12.8 Prediger's Three-Factor Model
12.9 Holland and the Big Five
12.10 Circumscription and Compromise: Gottfredson's Theory
12.11 Trait Complexes and Interests
12.12 Summary and Conclusions

Glossary
References
Index

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