Personality and Temperament in Nonhuman Primates

Overview

Recently, there has been an increased interest in research on personality, temperament, and behavioral syndromes (henceforth to be referred to as personality) in nonhuman primates and other animals. This follows, in part, from a general interest in the subject matter and the realization that individual differences, once consigned to ?error? terms in statistical analyses, are potentially important predictors, moderators, and mediators of a wide variety of outcomes ranging from the results of experiments to health ...

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(2011)
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Overview

Recently, there has been an increased interest in research on personality, temperament, and behavioral syndromes (henceforth to be referred to as personality) in nonhuman primates and other animals. This follows, in part, from a general interest in the subject matter and the realization that individual differences, once consigned to ‘error’ terms in statistical analyses, are potentially important predictors, moderators, and mediators of a wide variety of outcomes ranging from the results of experiments to health to enrichment programs. Unfortunately, while there is a burgeoning interest in the subject matter, findings have been reported in a diverse number of journals and most of the methodological and statistical approaches were developed in research on human personality.

The proposed volume seeks to gather submissions from a variety of specialists in research on individual differences in primate temperament, personality, or behavioral syndromes. We anticipate that chapters will cover several areas. The first part of this edited volume will focus on methodological considerations including the advantages and disadvantages of different means of assessing these constructs in primates and introduce some statistical approaches that have typically been the domain of human personality research. Another part of this edited volume will focus on present findings including the physiological and genetic bases of personality dimensions in primates; the relationship between personality and age; how personality may moderate or impact various outcomes including behavior, health, and well-being in captive and non-captive environments. For the third part of the volume we hope to obtain summaries of the existing work of the authors on the evolutionary important of personality dimensions and guideposts for future directions in this new and exciting area of research.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
From the reviews:
“The book Personality and Temperament in Nonhuman Primates … presents current research in the emerging field investigating nonhuman primate personality. … It contains excellent references and would be an outstanding text for an upper level undergraduate course or graduate seminars. The book provides a survey of personality research and methods comprehensively, and could serve as a superb foundational text for any personality course focusing on human or nonhuman animals. It is also a ‘must’ for anyone studying nonhuman animal personality and particularly primates.” (Francine L. Dolins and Duane Rumbaugh, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. 57 (26), July, 2012)
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Product Details

Table of Contents

Beginnings of Personality Measurement in Non Human Primates

Chapter 1. Individual Characteristics – Weaving Psychological and Ethological Approaches

Joan Stevenson-Hinde and Camilla A. Hinde

Some Basic Issues in Personality Measurement in Non Human Primates

Chapter 2. Comparison of Methods for Assessing Personality in Non-Human Primates

Hanni Freeman, Samuel d. Gosling, and Steven J. Shapiro

Chapter 3. Personality in Nonhuman Primates: What We Can Learn from Personality Psychology

Jana Uher

Chapter 4. Personality from the Perspective of a Primatologist

James E. King and Alexander Weiss

Empirical Studies

Chapter 5. Objective Behavioral Tests of Temperament in Nonhuman Primates

Lynn A. Fairbanks and Matthew J. Jorgensen

Chapter 6. Predicting Primate Behavior from Personality Ratings

Lindsay Murray

Chapter 7. Primate Personality and Behavioral Endocrimology

Stephanie F. Anestis

Chapter 8. Chimpanzee Faces under the Magnifying Glass: Emerging Methods Reveal Cross- Species Similarities and Individuality

Kim A. Bard, Augusta D. Gaspar, and Sarah-Jane Vick

Chapter 9. Nonhuman Primate Personality and Immunity: Mechanisms of Health and Disease

John P. Capitanio

Chapter 10. Impulsivity and Aggression as Personality Traits in Nonhuman Primates

J. Dee Higley, Stephan J. Suomi, and Andrew C. Chaffin

Chapter 11. Reactivity and Behavioral Inhibition as Personality Traits in Nonhuman Primates

Stephan J. Suomi, Andrew C. Chaffin, and J. Dee Higley

Chapter 12. Behavioral Syndromes: A behavioral Ecologist’s view on the Evolutionary and Ecological Implications of Animal Personality

Andrew Sih

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