Personality, Cognition, and Emotion

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These are intellectually exciting times in the fields of personality, cognition, and emotion, with rapid progress being achieved at both theoretical and empirical levels. There are now sufficient findings to provide the basis for integrative theories within these disciplines. In Volume 2 of the series, the editors and contributors examine the interactive influences of personality, cognition, and emotion in order to attain a comprehensive understanding of human behavior. Chapters in Part I focus on the relevance ...
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Overview

These are intellectually exciting times in the fields of personality, cognition, and emotion, with rapid progress being achieved at both theoretical and empirical levels. There are now sufficient findings to provide the basis for integrative theories within these disciplines. In Volume 2 of the series, the editors and contributors examine the interactive influences of personality, cognition, and emotion in order to attain a comprehensive understanding of human behavior. Chapters in Part I focus on the relevance to emotion and cognition of individual differences in trait anxiety, emotional intelligence, aging, agentic traits, and communal traits. By contrast, Part II is concerned with emotions and with the relationships between emotional states and various aspects of individual differences and cognitive processes: What factors determine the nature and intensity of emotional experience? How is an individual's behavior changed as a result of being in a given emotional state? The concluding chapter, with over one hundred references, presents an integration of the research areas discussed in the book and provides an excellent theoretical framework that will prove invaluable for further research and theory. "After perusing the chapters included in Volume 2 . . . I am firmly convinced that researchers and students interested in personality and social psychology will find this book both challenging and exciting. My congratulations to all those who contributed in different ways to this significant work." From the Foreword by Jan Strelau, Pro-Rector for Research Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities From a review "[S]ets the bar very high in seeking to integrate domains that are divergent, not only in terms of their content . . . but also in terms of their preferred methodologies, which frequently appear to be antithetical . . . . Although the lofty aim of integration is ultimately unrealized, at the end of the book the reader is left with a newfound impression that it is, quite possibly, realizable." K. V. Petrides in Personality and Individual Differences
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Editorial Reviews

Personality and Individual Differences - K.V. Petrides
"The book, and the symposium whence it is derived, sets the bar very high in seeking to integrate domains that are divergent..."
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Michael W. Eysenck, Roehampton University, Whitelands College, London, United Kingdom [editor] Malgorzata Fajkowska, Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities and Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland [editor] Tomasz Maruszewski, Polish Academy of Sciences and Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities, Warsaw, Poland [editor]
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Table of Contents

Introduction: Relations Among Personality, Cognition, and Emotion Michael W. Eysenck Malgorzata Fajkowska Tomasz Maruszewski 1

Historical Perspective 1

What's Ahead in This Book 3

Summary 9

References 9

Part I Differential Approaches to the Study of Cognitive and Affective Processes

Chapter 1 Anxiety and Cognitive Peformance Michael W. Eysenck 13

Introduction 13

Attentional Control Theory 14

Efficiency versus Effectiveness: Brain-Imaging Research 18

Effects of Anxiety versus Depression 19

Suggestions for the Future 21

References 22

Chapter 2 The Energetics of Emotional Intelligence Gerald Matthews Angela N. Fellner 25

Introduction 25

Individual Differences in Energy 26

Trait Factors and Energy 29

Emotional Energetics and Intelligence 30

Empirical Studies of Emotional Intelligence and Performance 33

Conclusions 40

References 42

Chapter 3 The Impact of Aging on Information Integration in Reasoning and Decision Making Szymon Wichary Ewa Domaradzka Grzegorz Sedek 47

Introduction 47

Aging and Decision Making 48

Proportional Slowing as a Powerful Explanatory Mechanism in Cognitive Aging Research 52

Evidence for Memory Retrieval Limitations in Reasoning Among Older Adults 56

Performance on Classic Syllogisms With Instructions to Avoid Cognitive Closure 58

Concluding Remarks 62

References 63

Chapter 4 Building Bridges in Psychology as Exemplified by Creative Intuitio Alina Kolanczyk 67

Introduction 67

What Is Creative Intuition? 68

Insight Problems and Creative Intuition 70

Preparation for Creative Insight: Dispositional Factors 71

The Trifactor Model of Creative Intuition 74

Exceptional Determinants of Extensive Attention and Creative Insight 82

References 84

Part II Self in Social Behavior and Emotional Expression

Chapter 5 How Emotions Work Nico H. Frijda 91

Introduction 91

Passion 92

Action Readiness 93

Processes of Passion 95

Control Precedence 97

Emotion Elicitation: Appraisal 98

Conclusions 100

References 102

Chapter 6 Emotions in the Individual Mind, in Relationships, and in Reading Fiction Keith Oatley 107

Emotions in Ourselves 107

Emotions Between Ourselves and Others 110

Emotions During the Reading of Literary Fiction 113

References 118

Chapter 7 Agency and Communion as Basic Dimensions of Social Cognition Bogdan Wojciszke 123

Introduction 123

Duality of Social Cognition Content 123

Differences in Behavior Construal 131

Differences in Evaluative Responses 134

Concluding Remarks 137

References 138

Chapter 8 Emotions and Morality: You Don't Have to Feel Really Bad to be Good June Price Tangney Elizabeth Malouf Jeff Stiiewig Debra Mashek 141

Differences Between Shame and Guilt 142

Relation of Shame and Guilt to Action Tendencies, Empathy, Anger, and Aggression 142

Relation of Shame and Guilt to the Big Five 146

Moral Behavior: The Bottom Line 146

Moral Emotions: Past, Present, and Future 147

A Self-Regulatory Perspective on Moral Emotions 149

Conclusion 151

References 152

Part III Epilogue: Toward A Common Paradigm

Chapter 9 Integrating Personality, Cognition, and Emotion: Seeing More Than the Dots William Revelle 157

Introduction 157

The ABCDs of Personality 158

The Basic Aspects 161

Affect and Cognition 163

Desire and Behavior 166

Cognition and Desire 167

Affect and Desire 168

Affect and Behavior 169

Conclusion 171

References 172

Name Index 179

Subject Index 185

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