Perspective

Overview

Whether you specialize in drawing—even cartooning and animationùor prefer media such as acrylic, oil, pastel, or watercolor, a good knowledge of perspective is invaluable. It is the foundation of all great paintings and drawings, no matter what medium. Perspective shows you everything you need to know to make objects look three dimensional. Practice the methods of measuring and dividing areas proportionately; then learn how we perceive depth and distance, and how to render it correctly on paper or canvas. You ...

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Overview

Whether you specialize in drawing—even cartooning and animationùor prefer media such as acrylic, oil, pastel, or watercolor, a good knowledge of perspective is invaluable. It is the foundation of all great paintings and drawings, no matter what medium. Perspective shows you everything you need to know to make objects look three dimensional. Practice the methods of measuring and dividing areas proportionately; then learn how we perceive depth and distance, and how to render it correctly on paper or canvas. You will learn the basics and beyond, covering concepts like foreshortening; cast shadows; reflections; and even one-, two-, and three-point perspective. And once you have a good grasp of the basics, it's easy to graduate to more complex and irregular forms. This comprehensive guide will show you how!

A reference guide explaining linear perspective for artists. The book covers one, two and three-point perspective, foreshortening, and reflections.

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Editorial Reviews

Children's Literature - Barbara L. Talcroft
Sooner or later, artists depicting realistic scenes will confront the problem of linear perspective, first developed in Italy in the 15th century. This book in the "Artist's Library" series offers sensible, usable advice from a practicing artist to beginners who want to indicate depth on a flat surface. Powell recommends that painters become aware of a subject's planes, the position of the viewer, and locating the true horizon of a scene, even if it is masked. He remarks that artists need not draw mechanically, but can use simple tools (drawing board, T-square, triangle, string and thumbtacks) to check accuracy of proportions. One-point perspective is then introduced in seven pages with diagrams and exercises to practice. Two-point perspective is more complex, but well explained in drawings and a photograph of Powell's house. After trying these exercises, artists may want to move on to three-point perspective (or at least consider it), used for subjects viewed from the top and where all vertical sides are no longer kept truly vertical. Many other techniques related to perspective are pictured and discussed; artists can consult these pages as they are needed. Topics included are drawing ellipses (a circle viewed in perspective); foreshortening; keeping people, shadows, and reflections in perspective; and, very usefully, indicating changing planes and directions, as in a winding road or river. While Powell concedes that drawing an elevation from a ground plan is a skill mostly needed by architects, his drawings and paintings from nature demonstrate how values, shading, texturing, and overlapping can enhance an illusion of depth. It is hard to imagine young artists absorbing such detailed instruction by themselves, but Powell's lessons could form the basis of an effective high school or junior college course in perspective. Reviewer: Barbara L. Talcroft
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781936309283
  • Publisher: Foster, Walter Publishing, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 1/1/2011
  • Series: Artist's Library
  • Pages: 64
  • Sales rank: 1,007,658
  • Age range: 14 years
  • Product dimensions: 6.70 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

William F. Powell is an internationally recognized artist and one of America's foremost colorists. A native of Huntington, West Virginia, Bill studied at the Art Student's Career School in New York; Harrow Technical College in Harrow, England; and the Louvre Free School of Art in Paris, France. His experience as an art instructor includes oil, watercolor, acrylic, colored pencil, and pastel-with subjects ranging from landscapes to portraits and wildlife. Additionally, Bill conducts painting workshops and produces instructional videos that employ unique methods of in-depth presentation and demonstration. Bill holds awards for his technical art, which has been used for major projects, such as space programs and environmental studies. He lives in Temecula, CA.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 2
Perspective ... How Does It Work? 3
Perspective Terms
Subject 5
Picture Plane 5
Viewing Point and Angle and Elevation of View 6
Horizon Line 7
Vanishing Point 8
One-Point Perspective 9
Drawing a Cube in One-Point Perspective 10
Drawing the Inside 11
Exercises to Practice 12
Two-Point Perspective 17
Drawing a Box in Two-Point Perspective 18
Drawing the Inside 19
Exercises to Practice 20
Measurements
Methods of Measuring 25
Proportions and Divisions 25
Dividing Areas 27
Finding the Peak and Pitch of a Roof 30
Three-Point Perspective 32
Drawing Ellipses 34
Foreshortening 36
Drawing People in Perspective 38
Changing Elevations 40
Casting Shadows in Perspective 41
Finding the Length of a Cast Shadow 44
Reflections in Perspective 46
Changing Planes and Directions 48
Perspective from a Plan Drawing 50
Exercise to Practice 55
Complex and Irregular Forms in Perspective 56
Exercises to Practice 56
Enhancing Depth by Shading and Texturing 59
Light, Atmosphere, and Moisture 61
Exercises to Practice 63
Conclusion 64
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