Perspectives on Argument / Edition 7by Nancy V. Wood, James Miller
This combination rhetoric/reader helps readers develop strategies for critical reading, critical thinking, research, and writing that will help them argue clearly and convincingly. It teaches them to identify and develop arguments, to read and form reactions and opinions of their own, to analyze an audience, to seek common ground, and to use a wide, realistic range of… See more details below
This combination rhetoric/reader helps readers develop strategies for critical reading, critical thinking, research, and writing that will help them argue clearly and convincingly. It teaches them to identify and develop arguments, to read and form reactions and opinions of their own, to analyze an audience, to seek common ground, and to use a wide, realistic range of techniques to write argument papers that express their individual views and original perspectives on modern issues. The Rhetoric portion includes clear explanations and examples of argument theory and reading and writing processes, research and documentation skills, and offers engaging, class-tested writing assignments and activities. The Reader portion includes 75 reading selections covering seven broad issue areas and 18 more focused areas, all of contemporary concern. Unique chapters discuss argument styles, Rogerian argument, and argument and literature.Material covered includes engaging with argument for reading and writing, understanding the nature of argument for reading and writing, writing a research paper that presents an argument and visual and oral argument. Readings cover a range of issues including those concerning families and relationships, education, crime and the treatment of criminals, race, culture and identity, freedom, war and issues concerning the future.For anyone interested in a clear presentation of argument theory applied to written, visual and oral forms.
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Table of Contents
I. ENGAGING WITH ARGUMENT FOR READING AND WRITING.
1. A Perspective on Argument.
Essays for Analysis: Pay Your Own Way! (Then ThankMom), Audrey Rock-Richardson. The Laptop Ate My AttentionSpan, Abby Ellin. Censoring the Internet, Lada Carlisle.
2. Developing Your Personal Argument Style.
Essays for Analysis: We Knew What Glory Was, ShirleeTaylor Haizlip. A View from Berkeley, Chancellor Chang-LinTien. Giving People a Second Chance, Ernest Martinez. Oneof Our Own: Training Native Teachers for the 21st Century, SuzetteBrewer. Why I Want a Wife, Judy Brady. A Simple “Hai”Won't Do, Reiko Hatsumi.
3. A Process for Reading Argument.
Essays for Analysis: Jobs Illuminate What Riots Hid:Young Ideals, Sara Rimer. Don't Know Much about History,Roberta Israeloff. The Road to Unreality, Mark Slouka.
4. A Process for Writing Argument.
Essays for Analysis: A Room of Their Own, LynNellHancock and Claudia Kalb. Coming and Going, Nathan Glazer.Trial by Jury: A Fundamental Right and a Flawed System, TanyaPierce.
II. UNDERSTANDING THE NATURE OF ARGUMENT FOR READING ANDWRITING.
5. The Essential Parts of an Argument: The Toulmin Model.
Essays for Analysis: Automobile Advertisement.What's Happened to Disney Films? John Evans. ToulminAnalysis of “What's Happened to Disney Films? Beth Brunk. AmericanValue Systems, Richard Rieke and Malcolm O. Sillars.
6. Types of Claims.
Essays for Analysis: Debunking theDigital Divide,Robert Samuelson. Zygotes and People Aren't Quite the Same,Michael S. Gazzaniga. Paying the Price of Female Neglect,Susan Dentzer. What's Wrong with Standard Tests? Ted Sizer.Campus Climate Control, Katie Roiphe. Gene Tests: WhatYou Know Can Hurt You, Barbara Koenig. Without a Safety Net,Barbara Ehrenreich. Reading, Writing, Narcissism, Lilian G.Katz. Devising New Math to Define Poverty, Louis Uchitelle.Bringing Up Adultolescents, Peg Tyre. Hold Your Horsepower,Lyla Fox.
7. Types of Proof.
Essays for Analysis: Censorship or Common Sense,Roxana Robinson. Meet the Philip Morris Generation, Advertisement.The Future Is Ours to Lose, Naomi Wolf. The Declarationof Independence, Thomas Jefferson.
8. The Fallacies or Pseudoproofs.
Essays for Analysis:Vitamin Advertisement. TheLatest From the Feminist Front, Rush Limbaugh. Minor Problems?Kelly Dickerson.
9. Rogerian Argument and Common Ground.
Essays for Analysis: When Special Care Is Called For,Advertisement. Human Cloning: Is It a Viable Option? AngelaA. Boatwright. Special Education's Best Intentions, Lois Agnew.Dear Mom, Taryn Barnett. The Great Campus Goof-Off Machine?Not for All Students, Jeff Burkholder. The Great Campus Goof-OffMachine, Nate Stulman. A Call for Unity, Letter from EightWhite Clergymen. Letter from Birmingham Jail, Martin LutherKing, Jr.
III. WRITING A RESEARCH PAPER THAT PRESENTS AN ARGUMENT.
10. The Research Paper: Clarifying Purpose and Understandingthe Audience.
New Yorker Cartoon.
11. The Research Paper: Invention and Research.
Annotated Bibliography: Human Cloning: An AnnotatedBibliography, Angela A. Boatwright.
12. The Research Paper: Organizing, Writing, and Revising.
Essays for Analysis: The Highs of Low Technology,Johanne Mednick. The Importance of Jury Instructions, TanyaPierce. Alaskan Wolf Management, Darrell D. Greer.
IV. FURTHER APPLICATIONS: VISUAL AND ORAL ARGUMENT—ARGUMENTAND LITERATURE.
13. Visual and Oral Argument.
Essays for Analysis: Adobe Acrobat Advertisement.I Have a Dream, Martin Luther King.
14. Argument and Literature.
Literature for Analysis: POEM: Theme for English B,Langston Hughes. SHORT STORY: The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas,Ursula K. Le Guin. LITERARY ESSAY: A Modest Proposal, JonathanSwift.
I. Issues Concerning Families, Marriages, and Relationships.1. What is the Status of the Traditional American Family?How Far Are We Willing to Go to Find Alternatives?
Why I Think I'm Still Right, Dan Quayle. TheChildless Revolution, Madelyn Cain. Building a Better Dad,Jerry Adler. Marriage As We See It, Chris Glaser.
2. What Are the Benefits and Pitfalls of Being Married?
The Marriage Problem: How Our Culture Has WeakenedFamilies, James Q. Wilson. The Future of Marriage, StephanieCoontz. Predators and Nurturers, Sylvia Ann Hewlett.
3. What Creates Successful Relationships? What Causes Themto Fail?
The Mystery of Attraction, Harville Hendrix. TheSecond Shift, Sylvia Ann Hewlett. Marriage and Divorce AmericanStyle, Mavis Hetherington.
II. Issues in Education.1. What Should Colleges and Universities Teach? Is ThereAnything They Should Not Teach?
A Battle Plan for Professors to Recapture the Curriculum,Frank H. T. Rhodes. Hollow Curriculum, Robert N. Sollod. Startinga Gay-Studies Course, Henry Gonshak. Can or Should a CollegeTeach Virtue? Harry C. Payne.
2. What Helps Students Learn and Succeed in College? WhatHinders Them?
The Harvard Guide to Happiness, Kate Zernicke.Getting in Students' Way, Richard J. Light. The BankingConcept of Education, Paulo Friere.
III. Issues Concerning Crime and the Treatment of Criminals.1. How Should We Treat Convicted Criminals?
Reflections from a Life Behind Bars: Build Colleges,Not Prisons, James Gilligan. A Jailbreak for Geriatrics,George F. Will. Tinkering With Death, Alex Kozinski. OneBig Happy Prison, Michael Moore.
2. What Should Be Done with Young Offenders?
The Apocalypse of Adolescence, Ron Powers. NotSo Alone, Gerard Jones. A Brain Too Young for Good Judgment,Daniel R. Weinberger. Fairy Tales as a Learning Tool for YoungOffenders, Richard Rothstein. Out of Jail, Into Temptation:A Day in a Life, Alan Feurer.
IV. Issues Concerning Race, Culture and Identity.1. How Do Race and Culture Contribute to an Individual'sSense of Identity?
Teaching Resistance: The Racial Politics of Mass Media,bell hooks. The Matter of Whiteness, Richard Dyer. Documented/Undocumented,Guillermo Gómez-Peña. On Being a Conceptual Anomaly,Dorinne K. Kondo. Culture by the Campfire, Esther Pan andSherry Keene-Osborn.
2. To What Extent Should Individuals Allow Their CulturalHeritage to Be Assimilated?
Asian Identity Crisis, Yahlin Chang. EducatingOurselves into Coexistence, Anouar Majid. American Jews andthe Problem of Identity, Edward S. Shapiro.
V. Issues Concerning Freedom.1. How Rigorously Should We Protect Our Civil Liberties?
Security Versus Civil Liberties, Richard A. Posner.The Tools of Freedom and Security, Peter Lewis.
2. How Can We Balance Security Against Privacy in a TechnologicalAge?
How Private is Your Life? Peter Maas. LivingUnder the Electronic Eye, Lisa Guernsey. Body of Evidence,Dana Hawkins. The Real Privacy Wars Are Just Over the Horizon,Eric Cohen.
3. How Does Profiling Threaten Civil Liberties?
The Color of Suspicion, Jeffrey Goldberg. Patriotismvs. Ethnic Pride: An American Dilemma, Lynette Clemetson and KeithNaugton. Freedom vs. Security, Fareed Zakaria.
VI. Issues Concerning the Future.1. What Are Some Possible Issues for the Future?
Looking Back on Tomorrow, David Brooks.
2. What Might Affect the Future of Human Beings?
Reprogenetics: A Glimpse of Things to Come, LeeM. Silver. An Inexorable Emergence: Transition to the Twenty-FirstCentury, Ray Kurzweil. Could This Pig Save Your Life? SherylGay Stolberg. Better Living Through Genetics, James Wood.
3. What Might Affect the Future of the Planet?
The Future of Life, Edward O. Wilson. TheChallenges We Face, Jeffrey Kluger and Andrea Dorfman. SecondThoughts on Expanding Lifespans, Donald B. Louria.
VII. Issues Concerning War and Peace.1. Is War Inevitable?
The Moral Equivalent of War, William James. Warfare:An Invention—Not a Biological Necessity, Margaret Mead. WarWill Be War: No Matter the Weapons, the Same Old Hell, Victor DavisHanson.
2. How Do People Justify War?
Why We Blow Ourselves Up, Eyad Sarraj. WhyWe Fight, William J. Bennett. How Can We Understand TheirHatred? Eli Wiesel.
3. What Might Help Establish Peace?
Getting to Peace, William L. Ury. The AtomicBomb, Richard Rhodes. All You Need is Love, Bruce Hoffman.
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