The Peru Reader: History, Culture, Politics / Edition 2 by Orin Starn | 9780822336495 | Paperback | Barnes & Noble
The Peru Reader: History, Culture, Politics / Edition 2

The Peru Reader: History, Culture, Politics / Edition 2

by Orin Starn
     
 

ISBN-10: 0822336499

ISBN-13: 9780822336495

Pub. Date: 12/14/2005

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

Sixteenth-century Spanish soldiers described it as a land filled with gold and silver, a land of untold wealth. To the Europeans who heard these stories it was a place of tantalizing mystery that mirrored dreams and desires unsatisfied by the Old World. Nineteenth-century travelers wrote of soaring Andean peaks plunging into luxuriant Amazonian canyons of orchids,

Overview

Sixteenth-century Spanish soldiers described it as a land filled with gold and silver, a land of untold wealth. To the Europeans who heard these stories it was a place of tantalizing mystery that mirrored dreams and desires unsatisfied by the Old World. Nineteenth-century travelers wrote of soaring Andean peaks plunging into luxuriant Amazonian canyons of orchids, pythons, and jaguars. Early twentieth-century adventurer Hiram Bingham told of the raging rivers and the wild jungles he traversed on his way to "discover" the "Lost City of the Incas," Machu Picchu. The richest treasures, the bloodiest conquest, the most poignant ballads, the most violent revolutionaries—all have been attributed to Peru.

Unparalleled in its scope, comprehensive, and written for the traveler and specialist alike, The Peru Reader offers a deeper understanding of the country that lies behind these images. Beginning with extensive historical material on topics ranging from Peru’s extraordinary pre-Columbian civilizations, through the Spanish conquest, to colonial and postcolonial rule, it weaves together a vast array of essays, folklore, historical documents, poetry, songs, short stories, autobiographical accounts, and photographs about this largest of the Andean nations. Works by contemporary Peruvian intellectuals and politicians, many translated for the first time, are presented here. The voices of the country’s often silenced underclass—peasants, street vendors, maids, Amazonian Indians, African-Peruvians—will also be found in this richly textured anthology. Blending together with the best of Western journalism and scholarship, these voices also address matters of contemporary Peruvian culture and politics such as the Maoist insurgency of the Shining Path, the cocaine economy, and the ongoing struggle for dignity and justice in a multicultural nation where Andean, African, Amazonian, and European traditions meet.

Unique among books on Latin America, intellectually ambitious, but with appeal to a wide readership, The Peru Reader provides an in-depth look at the history and cultural complexity of this Latin American nation.

About the Authors:
Orin Starn is Associate Professor of Cultural Anthropology at Duke University.

Carlos Ivan Degregori is Director of the Institute of Peruvian Studies and Professor at the National University of San Marcos, Lima.

Robin Kirk is Research Associate at Human Rights Watch -Americas and a contributing journalist to The Boston Globe, Ms., The Nation, The Progressive, and other periodicals.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822336495
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
12/14/2005
Series:
The Latin America Readers
Edition description:
Second Edition, Revised
Pages:
600
Sales rank:
623,703
Product dimensions:
6.13(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Contents

A Note on Style....................xi
Introduction....................1
PART I THE ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS....................13
The Chavín Cult, Brian Fagan....................17
Nazca Pottery, Javier Sologuren....................28
The Huarochirí Manuscript, Anonymous....................30
Moon, Sun, Witches, Irene Silverblatt....................36
The Origins of the Incas, Garcilaso de la Vega....................50
Cloth, Textile, and the Inca Empire, John Murr....................56
Taxation and the Incas, Pedro de Cieza de León....................71
Officials and Messengers, Guamán Poma de Ayala....................76
The Search for Machu Picchu, Hiram Bingham....................82
PART II CONQUEST AND COLONIAL RULE....................93
Atahualpa and Pizarro, John Hemming....................97
In Defense of the Indians, Bartolomé de las Casas....................119
Our House, Marco Martos....................123
The Tragedy of Success, Steve J. Stern....................124
Diary of Colonial Lima, Josephe de Mugaburu y Honton....................149
Friar Martín's Mice, Ricardo Palma....................154
The Rebellion of Túpac Amaru, Alberto Flores Galindo....................159
"All Must Die!" José Antonio de Areche....................169
PART III REPUBLICAN PERU....................175
The Battle of Ayacucho, Antonio Cisneros....................179
Comas and the War of the Pacific, Florencia E. Mallon....................181
Priests, Indians, Soldiers, and Heroes, ManuelGonzález Prada....................199
Women of Lima, Flora Tristán....................207
Amazonian Indians and the Rubber Boom, Manuel Córdova....................215
PART IV THE ADVENT OF MODERN POLITICS....................227
Tempest in the Andes, Luis Valcárcel....................231
Water! Juan Pévez....................235
Reflections, José Carlos Mariátegui....................240
Human Poems, César Vallejo....................246
The APRA, Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre....................253
The Massacre of Chan Chan, Carleton Beals....................258
Lost to Sight, César Moro....................266
PART V THE BREAKUP OF THE OLD ORDER....................269
The Pongo's Dream, José María Arguedas....................273
"The Master Will No Longer Feed Off Your Poverty," Juan Velasco....................279
The 24th of June, Gabriel Aragón....................285
Villa El Salvador, Cecilia Blondet....................287
Recipe for a House, Mercedes Torribio....................293
Featherless Vultures, Julio Ramón Ribeyro....................296
Peru's African Rhythms, Nicomedes Santa Cruz....................305
A Guerrilla's Word, Javier Heraud....................307
Liberation Theology, Gustavo Gutiérrez....................309
A World for Julius, Alfredo Bryce Echenique....................313
PART VI THE SHINING PATH....................319
"A Frightening Thirst for Vengeance," Osmán Morote....................323
We Are the Initiators, Abimael Guzmán....................325
The Quota, Gustavo Gorriti....................331
Memories of a Cadre, "Nicario"....................343
Oath of Loyalty, Anonymous....................351
PART VII MANCHAY TIEMPO....................353
Vietnam in the Andes, "Pancho"....................357
Death Threat, Anonymous....................364
Women and Terror, Raquel Martín de Mejía....................366
Chaqwa, Robin Kirk....................370
Huamanguino, Ranulfo Fuentes....................384
"There Have Been Threats," María Elena Moyano....................387
Peasants at War, Ponciano del Pino....................393
Time of Reckoning, Salomón Lerner....................401
PART VIII THE COCAINE ECONOMY....................407
The Hold Life Has, Catherine J. Allen....................411
My Little Coca, Let Me Chew You! Anonymous....................424
The Cocaine Economy, Jo Ann Kawell....................425
Drugs, Soldiers, and Guerrillas, "Chanamé"....................438
PART IX THE STRUGGLE FOR SURVIVAL....................441
Soup of the Day, Family Kitchen No. 79....................445
Nightwatch, Orin Starn....................447
"A Momentous Decision," Alberto Fujimori....................460
Choleric Outbreak, Caretas....................468
Bribing a Congressman, Alberto Kouri and Vladimiro Montesinos....................474
Simply Pascuala, José María Salcedo....................477
PART X CULTURE(S) REDEFINED....................481
Chayraq! Carlos Iván Degregori....................485
The Choncholí Chewing Gum Rap, Nosequién y los nosecuantos....................489
Sarita Colonia Comes Flying, Eduardo González Viaña....................491
Is Peru Turning Protestant? Luis Minaya....................496
Interview with a Gay Activist, Enrique Bossio....................502
Adrenaline Nights, Carmen Ollé....................507
Reencounter, Giovanna Pollarolo....................509
I Am the Bad Girl of the Story, María Emilia Cornejo....................511
Conversation in the Cathedral, Mario Vargas Llosa....................512
The Slave, Jaime Bayly....................528
Aguaruna Adventures, Anonymous....................553
Self-Images, Workshop for Social Photography....................562
Suggestions for Further Reading....................567
Acknowledgments....................571
Acknowledgment of Copyrights....................573
Index....................577

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