Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children

Overview

Many of the pesticides applied to food crops in this country are present in foods and may pose risks to human health. Current regulations are intended to protect the health of the general population by controlling pesticide use. This book explores whether the present regulatory approaches adequately protect infants and children, who may differ from adults in susceptibility and in dietary exposures to pesticide...
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Overview

Many of the pesticides applied to food crops in this country are present in foods and may pose risks to human health. Current regulations are intended to protect the health of the general population by controlling pesticide use. This book explores whether the present regulatory approaches adequately protect infants and children, who may differ from adults in susceptibility and in dietary exposures to pesticide residues.
The committee focuses on four major areas:
  • Susceptibility: Are children more susceptible or less susceptible than adults to the effects of dietary exposure to pesticides?
  • Exposure: What foods do infants and children eat, and which pesticides and how much of them are present in those foods? Is the current information on consumption and residues adequate to estimate exposure?
  • Toxicity: Are toxicity tests in laboratory animals adequate to predict toxicity in human infants and children? Do the extent and type of toxicity of some chemicals vary by species and by age?
  • Assessing risk: How is dietary exposure to pesticide residues associated with response? How can laboratory data on lifetime exposures of animals be used to derive meaningful estimates of risk to children? Does risk accumulate more rapidly during the early years of life?
This book will be of interest to policymakers, administrators of research in the public and private sectors, toxicologists, pediatricians and other health professionals, and the pesticide industry.

Many of the pesticides applied to food crops in this country are present in foods in trace amounts. Current regulations are intended to minimize the general population's exposure to these residues while ensuring an abundant and wholesome food supply. This book explores whether infants and children differ from adults in susceptibility and in dietary exposures to pesticide residues, and if so, whether present regulatory approaches adequately protect them. The book summarizes the current status of pesticide use, relevant data collection methods such as food consumption surveys, methods for toxicity testing, and federal pesticide regulation. Details the special characteristics of children--growth, development, metabolism--and analyzes toxicity information based on their exposure to pesticides.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Explores whether infants and children differ from adults in susceptibility and in dietary exposures to pesticide residues in food, and if so, whether the present regulatory approaches adequately protect them. Based on the committee's research, 1988- 93, summarizes pesticide use, data collection methods, toxicity testing, and federal regulations, emphasizing prenatal and perinatal toxicity, age-specific eating patterns, estimating pesticide residues, and mathematical risk modeling. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780309048750
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • Publication date: 9/4/1997
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 408
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.01 (h) x 0.91 (d)

Table of Contents

Executive Summary 1
1 Background and Approach to the Study 13
2 Special Characteristics of Children 23
3 Perinatal and Pediatric Toxicity 49
4 Methods for Toxicity Testing 127
5 Food and Water Consumption 159
6 Pesticide Residues 203
7 Estimating Exposures 267
8 Estimating the Risks 323
Index 373
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