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Pests of Crops in Warmer Climates and Their Control / Edition 1
     

Pests of Crops in Warmer Climates and Their Control / Edition 1

by Dennis S. Hill
 

ISBN-10: 1402067372

ISBN-13: 9781402067372

Pub. Date: 09/24/2008

Publisher: Springer Netherlands

A textbook providing basic data about the crop pests and the damage they inflict throughout the tropics and sub-tropics. Each major pest is illustrated by either a line drawing or a photograph, and sometimes the damage can also be seen. A world distribution map is provided for each species. Control measures tend to be general rather than very specific. Most of the

Overview

A textbook providing basic data about the crop pests and the damage they inflict throughout the tropics and sub-tropics. Each major pest is illustrated by either a line drawing or a photograph, and sometimes the damage can also be seen. A world distribution map is provided for each species. Control measures tend to be general rather than very specific. Most of the pests are insects and mites, but some nematodes, molluscs, birds and mammals are included.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781402067372
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Publication date:
09/24/2008
Edition description:
2008
Pages:
704
Product dimensions:
7.60(w) x 10.24(h) x 0.07(d)

Table of Contents

Preface v

1 Introduction 1

2 Pest ecology 3

Ecology and pest control 3

Ecology 3

Agroecosystems 4

Pest populations 5

Insect pheromones in relation to pest control 9

Insect feeding on plants 12

Abundance and richness of insect (arthropod) faunas on host plants 14

Insect (pest) distributions 15

Pollination 19

3 Principles of pest control 21

Definition of the term 'pest' 21

Development of pest status 23

Pest damage 27

Economics of pest attack and control 28

Forecasting pest attack 29

4 Methods of pest control 33

Legislative methods 33

Physical methods 35

Cultural control 40

Crop plant resistance to pest attack 44

Biological control 48

Chemical methods 52

Integrated control 55

Integrated pest management (IPM) (formerly pest management (PM)) 56

Eradication 57

The present state of insect pest management 57

5 Pest damage to crop plants 59

Pest damage assessment and crop yields 59

Types of pest damage to crop plants 67

Damage to stored products 78

6 Biological control of crop pests 81

Natural control 81

Biological control 82

7 Pesticide application 93

Methods of pesticide application 93

Equipment for application 102

8 Pesticides in current use 107

Types of pesticides 107

Pesticide recommendations 107

Pesticide effectiveness 108

Factors influencing pesticide effectiveness 108

Considerations in pesticide use 110

The more widely used insecticides and acaricides currently available for crop protection 112

Pesticides (chemical control) 113

Some major pesticides in current or recent use 113

9 Major tropical crop pests 115

Vertebrata 115

Order rodentia 117

Rat pests 120

Other mammal pests 126

Classaves (birds) 127

Other vertebrata 132

Mollusca pests 133

Nematoda 135

Major nematode pests 135

Insecta 138

Orthoptera 138

Isoptera 153

Homoptera 162

Heteroptera 230

Thysanoptera 255

Coleoptera 267

Stored produce infestation control 291

Diptera 351

Lepidoptera 380

Hymenoptera 482

Acarina 497

10 Major tropical crops and their pest spectra 511

Almond (Prunus amygdalus - Rosacea) 512

Apple (Pyrus malus - Rosaceae) 513

Apricot (Prunus armeniaca - Rosaceae) 515

Avocado (Persea americana - Lauraceae) 516

Bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris, etc. - Gramineae) 517

Bananas (Musa sapientum varieties - Musaceae) 518

Beans and Grams (Phaseolus spp. - Leguminosae) 520

Betel Palm (Areca catechu - Palmae) 523

Betel-Pepper (Piper betle - Piperaceae) 524

Brassicas (Brassica spp. - Cruciferae) (Cabbage, Kale, Cauliflower, Mustards, Broccoli, Turnip, Brussels Sprout, Rape) 525

Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis - Moraceae) 527

Capsicums (Capsicum spp. - Solanaceae) (= Sweet Peppers and Chilli) 528

Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum - Zingiberaceae) 530

Cashew (Anacardium occidentale - Anacardiaceae) 531

Cassava (Manihot esculenta - Euphorbiaceae) (= Manioc; Tapioca; Yuca) 532

Castor (Ricinus communis - Euphorbiaceae) 534

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum - Leguminosae) (= Gram; Garbanzo Bean) 536

Cinchona (Cinchona spp. - Rubiaceae) (= Quinine) 537

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylandicum - Lauraceae) 538

Citrus (Citrus spp. - Rutaceae) (Orange, Lemon, Lime, Mandarin, Tangerine, Grapefruit, Pomelo) 539

Clove (Eugenia caryophyllus - Myrtaceae) (= Syzygium aromaticum) 542

Cocoa (Theobroma cacao - Sterculiaceae) 543

Coconut (Cocos nucifera - Palmae) 545

Cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium - Araceae) (= Tannia) 547

Coffee (Coffea arabica & C. robusta - Rubiaceae) 548

Cotton (Gossypium spp. - Malvaceae) 551

Cowpea (Vigna sinensis - Leguminosae) 554

Cucurbits (Marrow, Pumpkin, Melon, Watermelon, Squash, Cucumber, Loofah, etc - Cucurbitaceae) 556

Custard Apple (Annona squamosa - Annonaceae) (= Sugar Apple; Sweetsop) 558

Date Palm (Phoenix dactyliferae - Palmae) 559

Deccan Hemp (Hibiscus cannabinus - Malvaceae) (= Kenaf, etc.) 560

Eggplant (Solanum melongena - Solanaceae) (= Brinjal; fruit called Aubergine) 561

Fig (Ficus carica - Moraceae) 563

Ginger (Zingiber officinale - Zingiberaceae) 565

Grapevine (Vitus vinifera - Vitaceae) 566

Grass (Many species - Gramineae) 568

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea - Leguminosae) 570

Guava (Psidium guajava - Myrtaceae) 572

Hemp (Cannabis sativa - Cannabinaceae) (= Indian Hemp) 574

Hyacinth Bean (Lablab niger - Leguminosae) (= Dolichos lablab) (= Indian Bean; Bovanist Bean) 575

Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus - Moraceae) 576

Jujube (Zizyphus mauritiana - Rhamnaceae) (= Z. jujuba (L.) Lam. non Mill.) (= Indian Jujube; Ber) 577

Jute (Corchorus spp. - Tiliaceae) 578

Kapok (Ciba pentandra - Bombacaceae) 579

Kola (Cola spp. - Sterculiaceae) (= Kola-nut) 580

Lentil (Lens esculenta - Leguminosae) 581

Lettuce (Lactuca sativa - Compositae) 582

Litchi (Litchi chinensis - Sapindaceae) (=Lychee) 583

Longan (Euphoria longana - Sapindaceae) 584

Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica - Rosaceae) 585

Macadamia (Macadamia ternifolia - Proteaceae) (= Queensland Nut) 586

Maize (Zea mays - Gramineae) (= Sweet Corn, when unripe; Corn (in USA)) 587

Mango (Mangifera indica - Anacardiaceae) 590

Manila Hemp (Musa textilis - Musaceae) (= Abaca) 592

Millets (Gramineae) (Pennisetum typhoides - Bulrush (Pearl) Millet) (Panicum miliaceum - Common Millet) (Elusine coracana - Finger Millet) (Setaria italica - Foxtail Millet) etc. 593

Mulberry (Morus spp. - Moraceae) 595

Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans - Myristicaceae) 596

Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis - Palmae) 597

Okra (Hibiscus esculentus - Malvaceae) (= Ladies' Fingers) 599

Olive (Olea europaea - Oleaceae) 601

Onions (Allium spp. - Amaryllidaceae) (Onions, Shallot, Garlic, Chives, Leek) 602

Opium Poppy (Papaver somniferum - Papaveraceae) 603

Papaya (Carica papaya - Caricaceae) (= Pawpaw; Papita) 604

Passion Fruit (Passiflora edulis - Passifloraceae) (P. quadrangularis) (= Grenadilla & Giant Granadilla) 605

Pea (Pisum sativum - Leguminosae)/(Garden Pea; Field Pea) 606

Peach (Prunus persicae - Rosaceae) 607

Pecan (Carya illinoensis - Juglandaceae) (Hickory Nut) 608

Pepper (Piper nigrum - Piperaceae) 609

Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan - Leguminosae) (= Cajan Pea; Red Gram; Dhal; Tur) 610

Pineapple (Ananas cosmosus - Bromeliaceae) 611

Pistachio (Pistacia vera - Anacardiaceae) (= Green Almond) 612

Plum (Prunus domestica - Rosaceae) 613

Pomegranate (Punica granatum - Punicaceae) 614

Potato (Solanum tuberosum - Solanaceae) (= Irish Potato) 615

Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium - Compositae) 617

Quince (Cydonia oblonga - Rosaceae) 618

Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum - Sapindaceae) 619

Rice (Oryza sativa - Gramineae) 620

Rose Apple (Eugenia jambos - Myrtaceae) (= Syzygium jambos) 623

Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa - Malvaceae) (= Jamaican Sorrel; Rama) 624

Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis - Euphorbiaceae) 625

Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius - Compositae) 626

Sann Hemp (Crotalaria juncea - Leguminosae) (= Sunn Hemp) 627

Sapodilla (Achras zapota - Sapotaceae) (= Chiku; Chikoo; Sapota) 628

Sesame (Sesamum indicum - Pedaliaceae) (= Simsim; Til; Beniseed; Gingelly) 629

Sisal (Agave sisalana - Agavaceae) 630

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor - Gramineae) (= Great Millet; Guinea Corn; Kaffir Corn; Durra; Milo; Jola) 631

Soybean (Glycine max - Leguminoseae) (= Soya Bean) 633

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum - Gramineae) 635

Sunflower (Helianthus annuus - Compositae) 638

Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas - Convolvulaceae) 639

Tamarind (Tamarindus indica - Caesalpiniaceae) 641

Taro (Colocasia esculenta - Araceae) (= Cocoyam; Dasheen) 642

Tea (Thea sinensis - Theaceae) (= Camellia sinensis) 643

Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum - Solanaceae) 645

Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum - Solanaceae) 647

Turmeric (Curcuma domestica - Zingiberaceae) (= C. longa) 649

Vanilla (Vanilla fragrans - Orchidaceae) (= V. planifolia) 650

Walnut (Juglans regia - Juglandaceae) (= English Walnut) 651

Watercress (Nasturtium officinale - Crucifereae) 652

Wheat (Triticum sativum - Gramineae) (including Barley and Oats) 653

Yam (Dioscorea esculenta - Dioscoreaceae) & D. spp. 655

Pest of Seedlings and General Pests 656

Insect Pests of Stored Products 658

11 General bibliography 659

Additional references 670

Appendices 671

A Glossary of terms used in applied entomology and crop protection 671

B Standard abbreviations 671

Index 679

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