Petain: Verdun to Vichy

Petain: Verdun to Vichy

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by Robert B. Bruce
     
 

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Few figures in modern French history have aroused more controversy than Marshal Philippe Pétain, who rose from obscurity to great fame in the First World War only to fall into infamy during the dark days of Nazi occupation in World War II. Pétain’s brilliant theories of firepower and flexible defense, as well as his deep empathy for the soldiers of

Overview


Few figures in modern French history have aroused more controversy than Marshal Philippe Pétain, who rose from obscurity to great fame in the First World War only to fall into infamy during the dark days of Nazi occupation in World War II. Pétain’s brilliant theories of firepower and flexible defense, as well as his deep empathy for the soldiers of France and the horrific trials they endured on a daily basis, mark him as one of the greatest Allied generals of World War I. Yet today he is best remembered as the nearly senile marshal who was handed the reins of power in France in the midst of the disastrous 1940 campaign and tasked with seeking terms from Nazi Germany. His leadership of Vichy France from 1940 to 1944 and his postwar conviction of treason and lifetime exile to the Ile d'Yeu made him a scapegoat for the nation.

This later perception forever tainted Pétain’s military reputation as a soldier who served France his entire life and led the French Army through the crucible of Verdun, the morale crisis of 1917, and on to final victory in the Great War. He was despised for his actions as an octogenarian in June 1940. With the bulk of the French Army already destroyed and Paris itself wide-open to attack, Pétain, then eighty-four, immediately sought an armistice with Germany to halt further bloodshed. While others fled, Pétain took what he considered the braver course by staying and doing what he could to safeguard the remnants of his army and his nation. So began his descent into collaboration, treason, and the destruction of all that he had accomplished and stood for throughout his life.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781574887570
Publisher:
Potomac Books
Publication date:
09/30/2008
Series:
Military Profiles
Pages:
150
Product dimensions:
4.90(w) x 7.90(h) x 0.50(d)
Age Range:
13 - 15 Years

Meet the Author

Robert B. Bruce is an associate professor of history at Sam Houston State University where he specializes in European military history with a particular emphasis on World War I, World War II, and the Napoleonic Wars. He is the author of A Fraternity of Arms: America & France in the Great War, which won the Tomlinson Prize from the Western Front Association for the best book on World War I. He lives in The Woodlands, Texas.

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Petain: Verdun to Vichy 4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago