Philadelphia's Enlightenment, 1740-1800

Philadelphia's Enlightenment, 1740-1800

by Nina Reid-Maroney
     
 

ISBN-10: 0313314721

ISBN-13: 9780313314728

Pub. Date: 11/30/2000

Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated

Rather than treating the Great Awakening and the Enlightenment as defining opposites in 18th century American culture, this study argues that the imperatives of the great revival actually shaped the pursuit of enlightened science. Reid-Maroney traces the interwoven histories of the two movements by reconstructing the intellectual world of the Philadelphia circle.

…  See more details below

Overview

Rather than treating the Great Awakening and the Enlightenment as defining opposites in 18th century American culture, this study argues that the imperatives of the great revival actually shaped the pursuit of enlightened science. Reid-Maroney traces the interwoven histories of the two movements by reconstructing the intellectual world of the Philadelphia circle. Prophets of the Enlightenment had long tried to resolve pressing questions about the limitations of human reason and the sources of our knowledge about the created order of things. The leaders of the Awakening addressed those questions with a new urgency and, in the process, determined the character of the Enlightenment emerging in Philadelphia's celebrated culture of science.

Tracing the influence of evangelical sensibility and the development of a Calvinist parallel to the philosophical skepticism of enlightened Scots, Reid-Maroney finds that the Philadelphians' love of science rested on a radical critique of human reason, even while it acknowledged that reason was the dignifying and distinguishing property of human nature. Benjamin Rush alluded to an enlightenment wrought by grace in his image of the Kingdom of Christ and the Empire of Reason. In the post-Revolutionary period, the redemptive Enlightenment of the Philadelphia circle reached its greatest cultural power as a vision for scientific progress in the new republic.

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780313314728
Publisher:
ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date:
11/30/2000
Series:
Contributions to the Study of World History Series
Pages:
218
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.63(d)

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

Awakening: Science and Culture

"To Glorify God in Harmonious Quiet"

A Balm in Gilead

Awakening and Enlightenment in the New Side Academies

A "Hotbed of Hypothesis": The Edinburgh Medical School

The Enthusiast-Practitioner: Benjamin Rush

The Circle Widens: Samuel Stanhope Smith

The Kingdom of Christ and the Empire of Reason

Selected Bibliography

Index

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >