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In this critically acclaimed biography, Franz Schulze probes the private and professional life of one of the most famous architects and architectural critics of the twentieth century.
The only child of a wealthy Midwestern family, Philip Johnson was a millionaire by the time he graduated from Harvard, and in 1932 he helped stage the historic International Style exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art. A patron of the arts and a political activists who flirted with the politics of Hitler, Huey Long, and Father Coughlin, he went on to create controversial and historical structures such as the Glass House, the Roofless Church, the AT & T Building, the Crystal Cathedral, and many more. Johnson's personal charms paired with his manipulative ploys—like his "borrowing" of designs—shine through in this biography.
Drawing on Johnson's correspondence, personal photographs, and speeches, and on interviews with his friends and contemporaries, Schulze fills the biography with fascinating information on the architect's family, travels, friends and lovers, and his many buildings and spaces themselves.
Franz Schulze is a professor of art at Lake Forest College. He is the author of Fantastic Images: Chicago Art since 1945, One Hundred Years of Chicago Architecture, and Mies van der Rohe: A Critical Biography.
Part One: Origins and Directions, 1652-1934
From Nieuw Amsterdam to Overlook Road Homer and Louise The Irreplaceable Heir Harvard: Collision of Mind and Heart Alfred Barr The Pilgrimage Roads Moma, Russell, and the New Style Mies The American Invasion The 1932 Show: The Revolution Goes Uptown The Rise and Fall of Art
Part Two: The Inglorious Detour, 1934-1946
Zarathustra and the Kingfish New London and the Radio Priest Tomorrow the World Back to Harvard The Penitential Private
Part Three: Rebirth and Renewal, 1946-1953
Barr Again, Moma Again, Mies Again Domesticity Opus In Vitro The Early Fifties: Work, People, Worldview
Part Four: The Break with Modernism, 1953-1967
"It Is All Socrates's Fault"
Yet Again Mies: Easy to Shoot At, Hard to Bring Down Historophilia and Monumentality Wandering Minstrel The Sixties: Laurels and Ass's Ears New Canaan Urbanism and Its Discontents Outpaced and Restored by the Young
Part Five: Superstardom, 1967-
Burgee of Chicago Raised Up at AT&T, Brought Low at Moma The PoMo Revel Peter Philip and David at Home Decon Burgee: Discarded by the Discarded The Summing Up: Berlin, 1993
Work in Progress Notes Selected Bibliography Index Permissions Acknowledgments Photograph Credits