The Philippines: A Century Hence

The Philippines: A Century Hence

by Jose Rizal
     
 

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This book, which was published in La Solidaridad as a series in four parts between September 30, 1889, and February 1, 1890, contains José Rizal's predictions on the possible future of the Philippines within a hundred years (Rizal was executed in 1896 by the Spanish government), formulated on then present conditions and circumstances. Rizal notes several

Overview

This book, which was published in La Solidaridad as a series in four parts between September 30, 1889, and February 1, 1890, contains José Rizal's predictions on the possible future of the Philippines within a hundred years (Rizal was executed in 1896 by the Spanish government), formulated on then present conditions and circumstances. Rizal notes several possibilities: that the Philippines would stay a Spanish colony provided its citizens receive not only the rights and privileges of citizens of the Spanish crown, but also the inherent rights of a human being; that the Philippines would inevitably rise in revolt against Spain if continuously exploited and abused, citing several historical events as examples; and that the Philippines might be conquered by other nations after Spain's presence in the country is extinguished. Rizal also explains the various factors contributing to every possibility, and how the Filipino/Malayan psyche might exacerbate or mitigate these factors.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2940015124781
Publisher:
Balefire Publishing
Publication date:
09/02/2012
Sold by:
Barnes & Noble
Format:
NOOK Book
Pages:
136
File size:
7 MB

Meet the Author

José Protacio Mercado Alonzo y Realonda Rizal (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896) was a Filipino polymath, patriot and the most prominent advocate for reform in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era. He is regarded as the foremost Filipino patriot and is listed as one of the national heroes of the Philippines by the National Heroes Committee. His execution day in 1896, now known as Rizal Day, is a national holiday in the Philippines.

Rizal was born to a rich family in Calamba, Laguna and was the seventh of eleven children. He attended the Ateneo Municipal de Manila, earning a Bachelor of Arts, and enrolled in medicine at the University of Santo Tomas. He continued his studies at the Universidad Central de Madrid in Madrid, Spain, earning the degree of Licentiate in Medicine. He also attended the University of Paris and earned a second doctorate at the University of Heidelberg.

Rizal was a polyglot, conversant in twenty-two languages. He was a prolific poet, essayist, diarist, correspondent, and novelist whose most famous works were his two novels, Noli me Tangere and El filibusterismo. These social commentaries on Spanish rule formed the nucleus of literature that inspired peaceful reformists and armed revolutionaries alike.

As a political figure, José Rizal was the founder of La Liga Filipina, a civic organization that subsequently gave birth to the Katipunan led by Andrés Bonifacio, which would start the Philippine Revolution against Spain, leading to the foundation of the First Philippine Republic under Emilio Aguinaldo. He was a proponent of achieving Philippine self-government peacefully through institutional reform rather than through violent revolution, although he would support "violent means" as a last resort. Rizal believed that the only justification for national liberation and self-government is the restoration of the dignity of the people, saying "Why independence, if the slaves of today will be the tyrants of tomorrow?" The general consensus among Rizal scholars is that his execution by the Spanish government ignited the Philippine Revolution.

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