The Philippines / Edition 4

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A unified nation with a single people, the Philippines is also a highly fragmented, plural society. Divided between uplander and lowlander, rich and poor, Christian and Muslim, between those of one ethnic, linguistic, and geographic region and those of another, the nation is a complex mosaic formed by conflicting forces of consensus and national identity and of division and instability.It is not possible to comprehend the many changes in the Philippines—such as the rise and fall of Ferdinand Marcos or the revolution that toppled him—without an awareness of the religious, cultural, and economic forces that have shaped the history of these islands. These forces formed the focus of the first edition of The Philippines. Of that 1982 edition, the late Benigno Aquino Jr., noted that “anyone wanting to understand the Philippines and the Filipinos today must include this book in his ‘must’ reading list.”The fourth edition has been updated through the final years of the Ramos presidency, and contains a new section on the impact of President Estrada.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813337555
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • Publication date: 1/1/2000
  • Series: Nations of the Modern World Series
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 292
  • Product dimensions: 0.66 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 9.00 (d)

Meet the Author

David Joel Steinberg is president of Long Island University and author of Philippine Collaboration in World War II winner of the University Press Award in 1969, and co-author of In-Search of Southeast Asia. He has consulted for the Ford Foundation, the United Nations Fund for Population Activities, and the United States government and has testified often before Congress on Philippine matters.
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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Preface to the Third Edition
1 The Rules of the Road 1
Kinship and Other Relationships 3
Social Values 5
2 This Very Beautiful Pearl of the Orient Sea 11
Nature's Terrors 12
The Physical Environment 13
Wet Rice 14
Sugar, Hemp, and Coconut 19
Land Ownership and the Distribution of Rural Wealth 22
Other Crops and Resources 28
Manila 29
3 A Singular and a Plural Folk 37
The Plural Society 38
Lowlanders and Uplanders 39
Migrants 40
The Chinese 42
The Mestizos 44
The New Filipinos 47
The Ilustrado Elite 48
The Function of Education 50
4 The Search for a Usable Past 53
The Spanish Era 56
The Nineteenth Century 60
Ilustrado Nationalism 62
The Decade of Struggle 63
Ilustrado-American Collaboration 66
Historical Ambiguities 71
The American Interregnum 73
5 The Religious Impulse: Global and Local Traditions 79
The Spanish Church 80
Iglesia Filipina Independiente 83
The Roman Church During the American Interregnum 84
The Local Tradition 85
Islam 90
Religion Today 93
6 Collaboration and Restoration 101
The Trauma of World War II 101
The Old Order 109
7 The Marcos Era 115
The Man Himself 115
The Constitutional Presidency 117
Martial Law 121
The Communist Insurgency 127
Economic Growth and Decline 130
New Players and Old 134
Disease and Decay 140
8 The Age of Aquino 151
The First Blush 153
The Politicized Army and the Militarized Party 156
Prosperity and Stability 167
Nationalism Resurgent 174
A Democratic Conclusion 181
Change and Stasis 187
9 Ramos: A New Direction? 193
The Ramos Presidency 193
National Stability 196
The End of Neocolonialism 197
Conclusion 200
Glossary 203
Bibliography 207
About the Book and Author 228
Index 229
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