Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume 1: The Dawn of Analysis / Edition 1

Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume 1: The Dawn of Analysis / Edition 1

by Scott Soames
     
 

ISBN-10: 069112244X

ISBN-13: 9780691122441

Pub. Date: 01/10/2005

Publisher: Princeton University Press

This is a major, wide-ranging history of analytic philosophy since 1900, told by one of the tradition's leading contemporary figures. The first volume takes the story from 1900 to mid-century. The second brings the history up to date.

As Scott Soames tells it, the story of analytic philosophy is one of great but uneven progress, with leading thinkers making

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Overview

This is a major, wide-ranging history of analytic philosophy since 1900, told by one of the tradition's leading contemporary figures. The first volume takes the story from 1900 to mid-century. The second brings the history up to date.

As Scott Soames tells it, the story of analytic philosophy is one of great but uneven progress, with leading thinkers making important advances toward solving the tradition's core problems. Though no broad philosophical position ever achieved lasting dominance, Soames argues that two methodological developments have, over time, remade the philosophical landscape. These are (1) analytic philosophers' hard-won success in understanding, and distinguishing the notions of logical truth, a priori truth, and necessary truth, and (2) gradual acceptance of the idea that philosophical speculation must be grounded in sound prephilosophical thought. Though Soames views this history in a positive light, he also illustrates the difficulties, false starts, and disappointments endured along the way. As he engages with the work of his predecessors and contemporaries—from Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein to Donald Davidson and Saul Kripke—he seeks to highlight their accomplishments while also pinpointing their shortcomings, especially where their perspectives were limited by an incomplete grasp of matters that have now become clear.

Soames himself has been at the center of some of the tradition's most important debates, and throughout writes with exceptional ease about its often complex ideas. His gift for clear exposition makes the history as accessible to advanced undergraduates as it will be important to scholars. Despite its centrality to philosophy in the English-speaking world, the analytic tradition in philosophy has had very few synthetic histories. This will be the benchmark against which all future accounts will be measured.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691122441
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
01/10/2005
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
432
Sales rank:
815,982
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.18(h) x 1.02(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction to the Two Volumes xi

PART ONE:

G. E. MOORE ON ETHICS, EPISTEMOLOGY, AND PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS 1

CHAPTER 1

Common Sense and Philosophical Analysis 3

CHAPTER 2

Moore on Skepticism, Perception, and Knowledge 12

CHAPTER 3

Moore on Goodness and the Foundations of Ethics 34

CHAPTER 4

The Legacies and Lost Opportunities of Moore's Ethics 71

Suggested Further Reading 89

PART TWO:

BERTRAND RUSSELL ON LOGICAL AND LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS 91

CHAPTER 5

Logical Form, Grammatical Form, and the Theory of Descriptions 93

CHAPTER 6

Logic and Mathematics: The Logicist Reduction 132

CHAPTER 7

Logical Constructions and the External World 165

CHAPTER 8

Russell's Logical Atomism 182

Suggested Further Reading 194

PART THREE: LUDWIG WITTGENSTEIN'S TRACTATUS 195

CHAPTER 9

The Metaphysics of the Tractatus 197

CHAPTER 10

Meaning, Truth, and Logic in the Tractatus 214

CHAPTER 11

The Tractarian Test of Intelligibility and Its Consequences 234

Suggested Further Reading 254

PART FOUR: LOGICAL POSITIVISM, EMOTIVISM, AND ETHICS 255

CHAPTER 12

The Logical Positivists on Necessity and Apriori Knowledge 257

CHAPTER 13

The Rise and Fall of the Empiricist Criterion of Meaning 271

CHAPTER 14

Emotivism and Its Critics 300

CHAPTER 15

Normative Ethics in the Era of Emotivism: The Anticonsequentialism of Sir David Ross 320

Suggested Further Reading 346

PART FIVE: THE POST-POSITIVIST PERSPECTIVE OF THE EARLY W. V. QUINE 349

CHAPTER 16

The Analytic and the Synthetic, the Necessary and the Possible, the Apriori and the Aposteriori 351

CHAPTER 17

Meaning and Holistic Verificationism 378

Suggested Further Reading 406

Index 409

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