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This second edition continues to examine the major schools of philosophy of education through the systems approach. It also considers the relationship of education to major ideologies such as Liberalism, Conservativism, and Marxism. The third section on Educational Theory analyzes the impact of philosophy and ideology on educational theory and practice by examining such theories as Essentialism, Perennialism, Progressivism, and Social Reconstructionism. Although focusing on the philosophy of education, this book provides a three-dimensional introduction to educational ideas. First, it examines the major philosophical systems and ideologies that have shaped educational thought and practice. Second, it outlines certain ideas from philosophy and ideology to illustrate how these disciplines contribute to educational theory. Third, in seeking to provide a context for educational philosophy, ideology, and theory, it includes biographical sketches of principal originators or contributors of leading ideas about education. For professionals working in the field of education.
1. Philosophy and Education.
Areas of Philosophy.
Philosophies of Education.
2. Idealism and Education.
Plato: Founder of Western Idealism.
Idealism As a Systematic Philosophy.
The Educational Implications of Idealism.
3. Realism and Education.
Aristotle: The Founder of Realism.
Realism as a Systematic Philosophy.
The Educational Implications of Realism.
4. Theistic Realism and Education.
Thomas Aquinas: A Founder of Theistic Realism.
Educational Implications of Theistic Realism.
5. Naturalism and Education.
Rousseau: Proponent of Naturalism.
Naturalist Themes in Education.
6. Pragmatism and Education.
John Dewey: A Founder of Pragmatism.
Experimentalism's Philosophical Bases.
Experimentalism's Educational Implications.
7. Existentialism and Education.
The Crisis of Mass Society.
Rejection of Systems.
Existentialism's Educational Implications.
8. Philosophical Analysis and Education.
Origins of Analytical Philosophy.
Classifications of Propositions.
Search for Order and Clarity.
9. Ideology and Education.
Historical Origins and Development of the Concept of Ideology.
A Stipulated Definition of Ideology.
The Use of Ideology to Create Consensus.
Ideology, Education, and Schooling.
Ideology and Philosophy.
10. Nationalism, Ethnonationalism, and Education.
A Preliminary Discussion.
The Revival of Ethnonationalism.
11. Liberalism and Education.
John Locke: A Founder of Liberalism.
Key Elements in Liberal Ideology.
Educational Implications of Liberalism.
12. Conservatism and Education.
Edmund Burke: Proponent of Cultural Civility.
Conservatism's Basic Themes.
Conservatism and Schooling.
Contemporary Neo-Conservative Revival.
13. Utopianism and Education.
Robert Owen: Utopian Educator.
The Utopian Critique of Liberalism.
Human Nature and Utopian Socialism.
Utopianism and Work.
The Family and Women in Utopia.
Utopians and Education.
14. Marxism and Education.
Karl Marx: Revolutionary Educator.
Marxist Educational Theory.
Neo-Marxism's Educational Implications.
15. Totalitarianism and Education.
Totalitarianism's Theoretical Features.
Hitler and Totalitarian Education.
Totalitarianism and Racism.
16. Theory and Education.
Theory as Derivation.
Theory as Reaction.
Theory Arising from Practice.
17. Essentialism and Education.
The Essentialist Position.
Bestor's Curriculum of Intellectual Disciplines.
Basic Education and the Essentialist Revival.
Schooling and Essentialism.
Essentialism's Philosophical and Ideological Relationships.
18. Perennialism and Education.
Robert M. Hutchins.
The Paideia Proposal: A Revival of Perennialism.
Perennialism's Philosophical and Ideological Relationships.
19. Progressivism and Education.
Sources of Progressivism.
William Kirkpatrick and the Project Method.
Progressivism's Professional Impact.
Progressivism's Philosophical and Ideological Relationships.
20. Social Reconstructionism and Education.
The Pioneering Work of George S. Counts.
Development Theory and Futurism.
Reconstructionism's Philosophical and Ideological Relationships.
21. Critical Theory and Education.
Origins and Proponents of Critical Theory.
Education, Schooling, and Teaching.
Critical Theory's Philosophical and Ideological Relationships.