Philosophical Applications Of Cognitive Science

Overview


One of the most fruitful interdisciplinary boundaries in contemporary scholarship is that between philosophy and cognitive science. Now that solid empirical results about the activities of the human mind are available, it is no longer necessary for philosophers to practice armchair psychology.In this short, accessible, and entertaining book, Alvin Goldman presents a masterly survey of recent work in cognitive science that has particular relevance to philosophy. Besides providing a valuable review of the most ...
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Overview


One of the most fruitful interdisciplinary boundaries in contemporary scholarship is that between philosophy and cognitive science. Now that solid empirical results about the activities of the human mind are available, it is no longer necessary for philosophers to practice armchair psychology.In this short, accessible, and entertaining book, Alvin Goldman presents a masterly survey of recent work in cognitive science that has particular relevance to philosophy. Besides providing a valuable review of the most suggestive work in cognitive and social psychology, Goldman demonstrates conclusively that the best work in philosophy in a surprising number of different fields—including philosophy of science, epistemology, metaphysics, and ethics as well as philosophy of mind—must take into account empirical breakthroughs in psychology.One of those rare texts that will also be useful for professionals, Philosophical Applications of Cognitive Science is appropriate for students in a wide range of philosophy courses. It will also interest researchers and students in psychology who are intrigued by the wider theoretical implications of their work.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
A sampling of the wide range of philosophical problems that can benefit from cognitive studies, an inspiration for philosophers, rather than a complete catalogue either of problems or of cognitive sciences. Problems are considered from epistemology, the philosophy of science and of mind, metaphysics, and ethics. Paper edition (unseen), $14.95. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813380407
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • Publication date: 3/22/1983
  • Series: Focus Series
  • Edition description: REV
  • Pages: 200
  • Lexile: 1310L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 0.46 (w) x 5.50 (h) x 8.50 (d)

Meet the Author


Alvin I. Goldman is professor of philosophy and research scientist in cognitive science at the University of Arizona. He is the author of A Theory of Human Action, Epistemology and Cognition, and Liaisons: Philosophy Meets the Cognitive and Social Sciences as well as many articles on philosophy and cognitive science.
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Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures
Preface
1 Epistemology 1
The Questions of Epistemology 1
Knowledge and the Sources of Knowledge 1
Visual Object-Recognition 5
Rationality and Evidence 9
Self-Deception and Memory 13
Logic and Rationality 16
Probability and Rationality 22
Suggestions for Further Reading 31
2 Philosophy of Science 33
Is Observation Theory-Laden? 33
A Computational Model of Theory Acceptance 39
Imagistic Models of Understanding 51
Is Numerical Knowledge Innate? 56
Suggestions for Further Reading 61
3 Philosophy of Mind 63
Dualism and Materialism 63
The Identity Theory 65
Property Dualism 68
Philosophical Behaviorism 69
Functionalism 72
Cognitive Science and the Functional "Level" 75
Computationalism and the Language of Thought 76
Folk Psychology and Eliminativism 79
Cognitive Science and Mental Concepts 82
First-Person Attributions 84
Third-Person Attributions 88
The Theory Theory Versus the Simulation Theory 92
Suggestions for Further Reading 96
4 Metaphysics 99
Descriptive and Prescriptive Metaphysics 99
Physical Bodies 101
Categories of Thought 108
Prescriptive Metaphysics 113
Color 114
Individual Essences 119
Suggestions for Further Reading 124
5 Ethics 125
Three Roles for Cognitive Science 125
The Mental Structure of Moral Cognition 126
Innate Constraints on Moral Thinking 130
Judgments of Subjective Well-Being 134
Endowment and Contrast in Judgments of Well-Being 137
Empathy 140
Empathy and Descriptive Ethics 146
Empathy and Prescriptive Ethics 150
Conclusion 152
Suggestions for Further Reading 154
References 155
About the Book and Author 171
Index 173
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