Philosophical Ethics: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy / Edition 3

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This accessible overview of classical and modern moral theory with short readings provides comprehensive coverage of ethics and unique coverage of rights, justice, liberty and law. Real-life cases introduce each chapter. While the book's content is theoretical rather than applied ethics, Beauchamp consistently applies the theories to practical moral problems. Aristotle, Hume, Kant, and Mill are at the book’s core and they are placed in the context of moral philosophical controversies of the last 30 years. In this edition one-third of the reading selections are new and all the selections in chapter 8 on rights are new. Chapter 7 on Hume has been heavily reshaped. Chapter 1 has been reduced to get students past introductory material and into the philosophers.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780072297218
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The
  • Publication date: 6/2/2000
  • Edition description: 3RD
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 416
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.62 (d)

Meet the Author

Tom Beauchamp is a well known and highly respected ethics professor. In addition to teaching at Georgetown University, he has served as a senior research scholar the Kennedy Instiute for the Study of Human Reproduction and Ethics. He has authored numerous successful texts, including Contemporary Issues in Bioethics (WAdsworth) and Ethical Theory in Business (PH). He was the General Editor with David Norton and M.A. Stewart of The Critical Ediotn of the Works of David Hume (Princeton U Press). He was formerly the Chairman of the Committee on Philosophy and Medicine of the American Philosophical Association and earned his Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University.
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Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Morality and Moral Philosophy
Case Study: The Watergate Coverup
The Nature of a Moral Postition: Ronald Dworkin: "The Concept of a Moral Position"
The Object of Morality: G.J. Warnock: "The Object of Morality"
Approaches to the Study of Morality
The Remainder of This Text
Suggested Supplementary Readings
Chapter 2: Relativity, Pluralism, and Individuality in Morals
Case Study: Mercy Killing in Canada
Relativism in Morals: J.L. Mackie: "Relativism and the Claim to Objectivity"; Richard B. Brandt: "Relativism and Ultimate Disagreements about Ethical Principles"
Moral Disagreement: Alasdair MacIntyre: "Moral Disagreements"
Egoism: David P. Gauthier: "The Incompleat Egoist"
Suggested Supplementary Readings
Chapter 3: Justification and Truth
Case Study: Organ Procurement Policies
Moral Arguments and Moral Justification
Internal and External Justifications
Ultimate Justification and Individual Choice: William K. Frankena: "Why Be Moral?"
Moral Realism and Antirealism: David McNaughton: "Morality--Invention or Discovery?"; J.L. Mackie: "Subjectivsim, Objectism, and the Error Theory"
Reflective Equilibrium: John Rawls: "Some Remarks About Moral Theory"
Suggested Supplementary Readings

Chapter 4: Mill and Utilitarian Theories
Case Study: Health Policy for Hypertension
The Objectives of Normative Theories
The Utilitarian Conception of Morality: John StuartMills: "Utilitarianism"
The Concept of Utility
Act Utilitariansim: J.J.C. Smart: "An Outline of a System of Utilitarian Ethics"
Rule Utilitarianism: Richard B. Brandt: "Some Merits of One Form of Rule-Utilitarianism"
Criticisms and Defenses of Utilitarianism: Robert Nozick: "Moral Constraints and Moral Goals"
Suggested Supplementary Readings
Chapter 5: Kant and Deontological Theories
Case Study: Plutonium Secrets
The Deontological Conception of Morality: John Rawls: "Utilitarianism and Deontology"
Kant's Ethics: Immanual Kant: "The Good Will and the Categorical Imperative"
Prima Facie Obligations: W.D. Ross: "What Makes Right Acts Right?"
Respect for Persons and Respect for Autonomy
Deontolgoical Constraints
Criticisms and Defenses of Deontolgoical Theories
Suggested Supplementary Readings
Chapter 6: Aristotle and Virtue Theories
Case Study: The Virtues of Jane Addams
The Concept of Virtue
Aristotelian Ethics: Aristotle: "Moral Virtue"
The Special Place of the Virtues: Alasdair MacIntyre: "The Nature of the Virtues"
Can Virtues and Obligations Coexist?
Moral Ideals and Moral Excellence: Joel Feinberg: "Obligation and Supererogation"
Criticisms and Defenses of Virtue Ethics: Robert B. Louden: "On Some Vices of Virtue Ethics"
Suggested Supplementary Readings
Chapter 7: Hume and Humean Theories
Case Study: Drinking Dessert Wines
Hume's Moral Philosophy: David Hume: "The Principles of Morals"
Morals by Invention: J.L. Mackie: "The Content of Ethics"
Morals by Agreement: David Gauthier: "David Hume, Contractarian"
The Voice of Moral Sentiment: Annette Baier: "Hume, The Women's Moral Theorist?"
Criticisms of Humean Ethics
Suggested Supplementary Readings

Chapter 8: Rights
Case Study: The Taliban in Control
Rights and Human Rights
Liberalism and Its Communitarian Critics: Joel Feinberg: "Liberalism and Dogmatism"
The Communitarian Rejection of Liberalism: Charles Taylor: "Atomism"; Jeremy Waldron: "When Justice Replaces Affection: The Needs for Rights"
Rights Against Oppression: Susan Moller Okin: "Feminism, Women's Human Rights, and Cultural Differences"
Types of Rights
The Contingency of Rights
Right-Based Ethical Theories
Suggested Supplementary Readings
Chapter 9: Justice
Case Study: Nuclear Fallout in the Marshall Islands
The Nature of Justice
Principles of Justice
The Liberatarian Theory: Robert Nozick: "The Entitlement Theory"
The Egalitarian Theory: John Rawls: "An Egalitarian Theory of Justice"
Criticisms of Theories of Justice: Alasdair Mac Intryre: Rival Justices, Competing Rationalities; Susan Moller Okin: "The Family: Beyond Justice?"
Suggested Supplementary Readings
Chapter 10: Liberty
Case Study: Restricting Access to the Internet
The Concepts of Autonomy and Liberty
The Valid Restriction of Liberty: John Stuart Mill: "On Liberty"
Legal Moralism: Robert George: "Making Men Moral"
The Offense Principles: Joel Feinberg: "'Harmless Immoralities' and Offensive Nuances"
Paternalism: Gerald Dworkin: "Paternalism"
Suggested Supplementary Readings

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