Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry: Explanation, Phenomenology, and Nosology

Overview

This multidisciplinary collection explores three key concepts underpinning psychiatry?explanation, phenomenology, and nosology?and their continuing relevance in an age of neuroimaging and genetic analysis.

An introduction by Kenneth S. Kendler lays out the philosophical grounding of psychiatric practice. The first section addresses the concept of explanation, from the difficulties in describing complex behavior to the categorization of psychological and biological causality. In ...

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Overview

This multidisciplinary collection explores three key concepts underpinning psychiatry—explanation, phenomenology, and nosology—and their continuing relevance in an age of neuroimaging and genetic analysis.

An introduction by Kenneth S. Kendler lays out the philosophical grounding of psychiatric practice. The first section addresses the concept of explanation, from the difficulties in describing complex behavior to the categorization of psychological and biological causality. In the second section, contributors discuss experience, including the complex and vexing issue of how self-agency and free will affect mental health. The third and final section examines the organizational difficulties in psychiatric nosology and the instability of the existing diagnostic system. Each chapter has both an introduction by the editors and a concluding comment by another of the book’s contributors.

Contributors: John Campbell, Ph.D.; Thomas Fuchs, M.D., Ph.D.; Shaun Gallagher, Ph.D.; Kenneth S. Kendler, M.D.; Sandra D. Mitchell, Ph.D.; Dominic P. Murphy, Ph.D.; Josef Parnas, M.D., Dr.Med.Sci.; Louis A. Sass, Ph.D.; Kenneth F. Schaffner, M.D., Ph.D.; James F. Woodward, Ph.D.; Peter Zachar, Ph.D.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Editorial Reviews

Metapsychology - S. Nassir Ghaemi
This book asks the right questions, and sends us in the right direction.
Metapsychology - Rachel Cooper
A good collection of papers... Will be of most interest to specialists in the area of philosophy of psychiatry (and to philosophers of mind and psychology)
American Journal of Psychiatry - Geoffrey Neimark
Kendler and Parnas undertake this exploration in a readable, cogent manner in Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry... The authors go to great lengths to ensure that the book is accessible for those with a limited background in philosophy.
British Journal of Psychiatry - Femi Oyebode
This is a serious and important book... it is certainly one that researchers, scholars and anyone involved in trying to explain the nature of psychiatric disorders to a skeptical audience ought to read.
Metapsychology
A good collection of papers... Will be of most interest to specialists in the area of philosophy of psychiatry (and to philosophers of mind and psychology)

— Rachel Cooper

American Journal of Psychiatry
Kendler and Parnas undertake this exploration in a readable, cogent manner in Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry... The authors go to great lengths to ensure that the book is accessible for those with a limited background in philosophy.

— Geoffrey Neimark, M.D.

British Journal of Psychiatry
This is a serious and important book... it is certainly one that researchers, scholars and anyone involved in trying to explain the nature of psychiatric disorders to a skeptical audience ought to read.

— Femi Oyebode

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780801889837
  • Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Publication date: 12/3/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 424
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Kenneth S. Kendler, M.D., is the Rachel Brown Banks Distinguished Professor of Psychiatry at the Medical College of Virginia, where he is also a professor of human genetics and the director of the Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics. He is the author of, most recently, Genes, Environment, and Psychopathology. Josef Parnas, M.D., Dr.Med.Sci., is a professor of psychiatry and the consultant medical director for the Department of Psychiatry at Copenhagen University. He is also the codirector of the National Danish Research Foundation's Center for Subjectivity Research.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Table of Contents

Introduction Why Does Psychiatry Need Philosophy? Kenneth S. Kendler Kendler, Kenneth S. 1

Pt. I Explanation

1 Explaining Complex Behavior Sandra D. Mitchell Mitchell, Sandra D. 19

Comment Psychiatry, Scientific Lows, and Realism about Entities Peter Zachar Zachar, Peter 38

2 Etiological Models in Psychiatry: Reductive and Nonreductive Approaches Kenneth F. Schaffner Schaffner, Kenneth F. 48

Comment Understanding Causes and Reversing Outcomes Dominic P. Murphy Murphy, Dominic P. 90

3 Levels of Explanation in Psychiatry Dominic P. Murphy Murphy, Dominic P. 99

Comment Taming Causal Complexity Sandra D. Mitchell Mitchell, Sandra D. 125

4 Cause and Explanation in Psychiatry: An Interventionist Perspective James F. Woodward Woodward, James F. 132

Comment Psychological Causation without Physical Causation John Campbell Campbell, John 184

5 Causation in Psychiatry John Campbell Campbell, John 196

Comment Levels of Explanation and Variable Choice James F. Woodward Woodward, James F. 216

Pt. II Phenomenology

6 Varieties of "Phenomenology": On Description, Understanding, and Explanation in Psychiatry Josef Parnas Parnas, Josef Louis A. Sass Sass, Louis A. 239

Comment Beyond Descriptive Phenomenology Thomas Fuchs Fuchs, Thomas 278

7 Self-agency and Mental Causality Shaun Gallagher Gallagher, Shaun 286

Comment Disorders of Agency in Psychiatric Symdromes Kenneth S. Kendler Kendler, Kenneth S. 312

Pt. III Nosology

8 Real Kinds but No True Taxonomy: An Essay in Psychiatric Systematics Peter Zachar Zachar, Peter 327

Comment A Tail of a Tiger Kenneth F. Schaffner Schaffner, Kenneth F. 355

9 The Incredible Insecurity of Psychiatric Nosology KennethS. Kendler Kendler, Kenneth S. Peter Zachar Zachar, Peter 368

Comment Psychiatric Diagnosis Josef Parnas Parnas, Josef 383

Epilogue Josef Parnas Parnas, Josef 387

Index 397

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