Philosophical Quest: A Cross-Cultural Reader / Edition 2

Philosophical Quest: A Cross-Cultural Reader / Edition 2

by Gail M. Presbey, Karsten J. Struhl, Richard Olsen, Karsten J. Struhl
     
 

This is a true cross-cultural anthology which presents philosophers from different cultures in dialogue with one another. The text includes selections from both traditional and contemporary Western and non-Western philosophy: African American, Latin American, and feminist philosophers as well as Asian, African, Native American, and Islamic philosophers. The

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Overview

This is a true cross-cultural anthology which presents philosophers from different cultures in dialogue with one another. The text includes selections from both traditional and contemporary Western and non-Western philosophy: African American, Latin American, and feminist philosophers as well as Asian, African, Native American, and Islamic philosophers. The reader is organized by topic, and highlights the similarities and differences between Western and Non-Western philosophers — it arranges selections so that authors speak to one another across cultures. Chapter introductions and section introductions within chapters guide students. The second edition includes new sections on non-Western epistemology, the question of life after death, Rawls and criticism, and understanding others' experience and points of view. The authors have revised the more difficult sections of chapter 1 and have included more African, African American, and female philosophers, and more variety in the sections on social philosophy.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780072840698
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Publication date:
05/28/2002
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
574
Product dimensions:
7.40(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction
1The World of the Forms
The Symposium5
The Parable of the Cave15
Crazy Horse's Vision18
The Value of the Surface19
2Idealism: Western and Asian
Subjective Idealism28
The Upanishads: Thou Art That41
A Commentary on the Upanishads42
The World as Will and Idea45
The Sutra of Hui Neng51
3Materialism
Neo-Confucian Materialism59
Materialism and the Scientific World View61
1The Problem of Method
The Fixation of Belief71
Against Method77
Is Science Multicultural?84
An Afrocentric Feminist Epistemology95
The Limits of Science104
2The Limits of Reason and the Limits of Knowledge
Knowledge and Relativity110
Averroes Search115
Zen Knowledge119
1Theistic Arguments and Atheist Challenges
Proofs of God's Existence128
Theology and Falsification133
A Philosophy of Life135
2The Religious Experience
Personal Experience of God141
No Religion147
Transforming Reality149
3Religions, Society, and Politics
Critique of Religion160
Liberation Theology164
Engaged Buddhism175
Islam and Revolution183
Why Women Need the Goddess194
1Universal Human Nature
Is Human Nature Good or Evil? A Chinese Debate210
Human Nature Is Good210
Human Nature Is Evil214
Human Nature as Competitive217
Mutual Aid222
War and Aggression226
There Is No Human Nature234
Man without Theory241
2Gender Nature
Women's Nature: Two Islamic Views252
The Proper Role for Women252
Beyond the Veil257
The Second Sex264
Woman as Body268
Gender and Race271
The Sacred Hoop274
3Sexual Nature
Is Homosexuality Unnatural?282
The Social Construction of Sexuality286
1The Self: A Controversy in the Modern Western Tradition
Meditations293
Personal Identity298
2Hinduism and Buddhism: A Similar Controversy
Samkhya Dualism302
The Upanishads, The True Self303
Questions of King Milinda, No Self304
The Middle Way307
Ego-less Consciousness: A Zen View310
3A Defense of Human and Buddha Based on Modern Psychology
Divided Minds and the "Bundle" Theory of Self317
4The Self as Activity
Dynamic Unity of the Self323
5The Self Beyond Death
The Tibetan Book of the Dead, Death and Rebirth335
Africa and Reincarnation: A Reappraisal338
The Phaedo345
On the Soul352
Ancient Indian Materialism353
Persons, Death, and the Body356
1Destiny and Freedom
Karma and Freedom364
Destiny and Free Will: An African View365
2Radical Freedom
Notes from the Underground375
Freedom and Action382
3Can We Reconcile Freedom and Determinism?
Freedom and Responsibility388
Free Will and Psychoanalysis394
Firming Up Soft Determinism402
Freedom of the Will411
1The Ethics of Duty and Its Critics
Right-Action419
Moral Duty427
Utilitarianism432
Feminist Transformation of Moral Theory437
2Universal Concern for Others: Altruism versus Egoism
Universal Love444
The Virtue of Selfishness448
Buddhist Ethics453
On the Obligation to Stay Informed About Distant Atrocities456
3Subjectivism and the Problem of Relativism
Values Are Subjective467
A Functional View of Value Ultimates470
Relativism477
1Happiness and the Good Life
The Rational Life489
Islam Is the Road to Happiness498
Living the Rule of St. Benedict Today501
The Four Noble Truths508
Navajo Ways of Knowing517
The Myth of Sisyphus522
2Taoist and Confucian Views
Living in the Tao526
Lost in the Tao530
Whichever the Way536
The Spheres of Living539
3Facing Death
Thought of the Sages542
Social Conceptions of Death545
Facing Death549
1Perspectives, Difference, and Moral Respect
White Privilege and Male Privilege558
Moral Defence565
Chicana Identity576
Philosophy and Disability580
2Social Equality
Defense of Varna (Caste)591
A Theory of Justice595
Critique of Rawls603
3Social Change: Violence or Nonviolence?
The Communist Manifesto614
Non-Violent Resistance621
Non-Violence and Social Change628
By Any Means Necessary630
Ethics and Community633
Permissions Acknowledgments637
Index of Authors and Titles645

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