Philosophies of Social Science: The Classic and Contemporary Readings / Edition 1

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Overview

“This book will certainly prove to be a useful resource and reference point … a good addition to anyone’s bookshelf.” Network

"This is a superb collection, expertly presented. The overall conception seems splendid, giving an excellent sense of the issues... The selection and length of the readings is admirably judged, with both the classic texts and the few unpublished pieces making just the right points." William Outhwaite, Professor of Sociology, University of Sussex

"... an indispensable book for all of us in philosophy and the social sciences who teach and care about the shape of social knowledge in the future." Steven Seidman, Professor of Sociology, State University of New York Albany

"For a comprehensive account of the ways in which world transformations affect claims to social scientific knowledge, one need look no further than Gerard Delanty and Piet Strydom's Philosophies of Social Science. ...this collection captures nicely the increasingly engaged political nature of the philosophy of social science. Debates about pragmatism, feminism and postmodernism are particularly well represented" The Australian

  • What is social science? How does it differ from the other sciences?
  • What is the meaning of method in social science?
  • What is the nature and limits of scientific knowledge?

This collection of over sixty extracts from classic works on the philosophy of social science provides an essential textbook and a landmark reference in the field. It highlights the work of some of the most influential authors who have shaped social science.

The texts explore the question of truth, the meaning of scientific knowledge, the nature of methodology and the relation of science to society, including edited extracts from both classic and contemporary works by authors such as Emile Durkheim, Georg Simmel, Max Weber, Alfred Schutz, Max Horkheimer, Jurgen Habermas, Alvin Gouldner, Karl-Otto Apel, Michel Foucault, Pierre Bourdieu, Anthony Giddens, Dorothy Smith, Donna Haraway, Sigmund Freud, Jacques Derrida and Claude Levi-Strauss.

The readings are representative of the major schools of thought, including European and American trends in particular as well as approaches that are often excluded from mainstream traditions. From a teaching and learning perspective the volume is strengthened by extensive introductions to each of the six sections, as well as a general introduction to the reader as a whole. These introductions contextualise the readings and offer succinct summaries of them.

This volume is the definitive companion to the study of the philosophy of social science, taught within undergraduate or postgraduate courses in sociology and the social sciences.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780335208845
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
  • Publication date: 4/1/2003
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 496
  • Sales rank: 1,040,725
  • Product dimensions: 6.70 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 1.26 (d)

Meet the Author

Gerard Delanty is Professor of Sociology in the University of Liverpool, UK. He was Visiting Professor at York University, Toronto in 1998, at Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan in 2000, and he has taught at universities in Ireland, Germany and Italy. His books include Social Science: Beyond Constructivism and Realism (1997), Social Theory in a Changing World (1999), Modernity and Postmodernity: Knowledge, Power, the Self (2000), Challenging Knowledge: The University in the Knowledge Society (2002).

Piet Strydom is Statutory Lecturer in Sociology at the National University of Ireland, Cork. He is a former founder-director of the Centre for European Social Research, Cork. Besides many articles on social theory and the philosophy of social science in anthologies and in such journals as Telos, Political Studies, Theory, Culture & Society, Philosophy and Social Criticism, European Journal of Social Theory, Current Sociology and Sociological Theory, books he has published include Discourse and Knowledge (2000), and Risk, Environment and Society (2002). He is currently writing a book on the new cognitive sociology.

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Table of Contents

Preface and acknowledgements
INTRODUCTION
What is the philosophy of social science?

PART 1
Positivism, its dissolution and the emergence of post-empiricism
Introduction: a general outline
The selected texts
1 EMILE DURKHEIM
What is a social fact? (1895)
2 OTTO NEURATH
The scientific world conception (1929)
3 CARL G. HEMPEL
Concept and theory in social science (1952)
4 ERNST NAGEL
Methodological problems of the social sciences (1961)
5 KARL POPPER
The problem of induction (1934)
6 RUDOLF CARNAP
Confirmation, testing and meaning (1936)
7 TALCOTT PARSONS
Theory and empirical fact (1937)
8 A.J. AYER
The characterization of sense-data (1940)
9 W.V.O. QUINE
Two dogmas of empiricism (1951)
10 LUDWIG WITTGENSTEIN
Language games and meaning (1953)
11 STEPHEN TOULMIN
The evolution of scientific ideas (1961)
12 THOMAS KUHN
A role for history (1962)
13 IMRE LAKATOS
Falsification and the methodology of scientific research programmes (1970)
14 PAUL FEYERABEND
Against method (1975)

PART 2
The interpretative tradition
Introduction: a general outline
The selected texts
15 WILHELM DILTHEY
The development of hermeneutics (1900)
16 GEORG SIMMEL
On the nature of historical understanding (1918)
How is society possible? (1908)
17 MAX WEBER
‘Objectivity’ in social science (1904)
18 SIGMUND FREUD
The dream-work (1900)
A philosophy of life (1932)
19 ERNST CASSIRER
From a critique of abstraction to relationalism (1910)
20 KARL MANNHEIM
Competition as a cultural phenomenon (1929)
21 ALFRED SCHUTZ
Concept and theory formation in the social sciences (1954)
22 MAURICE MERLEAU-PONTY
The philosopher and sociology (1960)
23 MARTIN HEIDEGGER
The age of the world picture (1938)
24 PETER WINCH
Philosophy and science (1958)
25 HANS-GEORG GADAMER
Hermeneutical understanding (1960)
26 JÜRGEN HABERMAS
The hermeneutic claim to universality (1973)
27 PAUL RICOEUR
Towards a critical hermeneutic: hermeneutics and the critique of ideology (1973)
28 CHARLES TAYLOR
Interpretation and the sciences of man (1971)
29 CLIFFORD GEERTZ
The thick description of culture (1973)
30 AARON CICOUREL
Method and measurement (1964)
31 HAROLD GARFINKEL
Rational properties of scientific and common-sense activities (1960)
32 ERVING GOFFMAN
Primary frameworks (1974)

PART 3
The critical tradition
Introduction: a general outline
The selected texts
33 MAX HORKHEIMER
Traditional and critical theory (1937)
34 HERBERT MARCUSE
Philosophy and critical theory (1937)
35 THEODOR W. ADORNO
Sociology and empirical research (1969)
36 JÜRGEN HABERMAS
Knowledge and human interests (1965)
The tasks of a critical theory (1981)
37 KARL-OTTO APEL
Types of social science in light of human cognitive interests (1977)
38 ALBRECHT WELLMER
Critical theory of society (1969)
39 ROBERTO MANGABEIRA UNGER
The critical argument (1975)
40 ALVIN GOULDNER
Towards a refiexive sociology (1970)

PART 4
Pragmatism, semiotics and transcendental pragmatics
Introduction: a general outline
The selected texts
41 CHARLES S. PEIRCE
A definition of pragmatic and pragmatism (1902)
42 JOHN DEWEY
Social inquiry (1938)
43 CHARLES MORRIS
Foundations of the theory of signs (1938)
Pragmatics and semantics (1946)
44 C. WRIGHT MILLS
Situated actions and vocabularies of motive (1940)
45 KARL-OTTO APEL
Transcendental pragmatics (1979)

PART 5
The structuralist controversy: language, discouse and practice
Introduction: a general outline
The selected texts
46 CLAUDE LÉVI-STRAUSS
Structural analysis in linguistics and in anthropology (1958)
Language and the analysis of social laws (1951)
47 LUCIEN GOLDMANN
The human sciences and philosophy (1966)
48 MICHEL FOUCAULT
The order of things (1966)
Power/knowledge (1976)
49 JACQUES DERRIDA
Structure, sign and play in the discourses of the human sciences (1966)
50 PIERRE BOURDIEU
The logic of practice (1980)

PART 6
New directions and challenges
Introduction: a general outline
The selected texts
51 RICHARD J. BERNSTEIN
‘Anti-foundationalism’ (1991)
52 PIERRE BOURDIEU
Radical doubt (1992)
On science and politics (1999)
53 ANTHONY GIDDENS
Social science as a double hermeneutic (1984)
54 DOROTHY SMITH
The standpoint of women in the everyday world (1987)
55 DONNA HARAWAY
Situated knowledges: the science question in feminism and the privilege of partial perspective (1988)
56 PATRICIA HILL COLLINS
The sociological significance of black feminist thought (1986)
57 KARIN KNORR-CETINA
Strong constructivism (1993)
58 IAN HACKING
What is social construction? The teenage pregnancy example (2002)
59 STEVE FULLER
The project of social epistemology and the elusive problem of knowledge in contemporary society (2002)
60 NIKLAS LUHMANN
The cognitive program of constructivism and a reality that remains unknown (1990)
61 ROY BHASKAR
Transcendental realism and the problem of naturalism (1979)
62 JON ELSTER
Rational choice and the explanation of social action (2001)
63 RANDALL COLLINS
Sociological realism (1998)
64 JÜRGEN HABERMAS
Realism after the linguistic-pragmatic turn (1999)
Further reading
Index

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