Philosophy after Darwin: Classic and Contemporary Readings by Michael Ruse | 9780691135540 | Paperback | Barnes & Noble
Philosophy after Darwin: Classic and Contemporary Readings

Philosophy after Darwin: Classic and Contemporary Readings

by Michael Ruse
     
 

ISBN-10: 0691135541

ISBN-13: 9780691135540

Pub. Date: 08/24/2009

Publisher: Princeton University Press

Wittgenstein famously remarked in 1923, "Darwin's theory has no more relevance for philosophy than any other hypothesis in natural science." Yet today we are witnessing a major revival of interest in applying evolutionary approaches to philosophical problems. Philosophy after Darwin is an anthology of essential writings covering the most influential ideas

Overview

Wittgenstein famously remarked in 1923, "Darwin's theory has no more relevance for philosophy than any other hypothesis in natural science." Yet today we are witnessing a major revival of interest in applying evolutionary approaches to philosophical problems. Philosophy after Darwin is an anthology of essential writings covering the most influential ideas about the philosophical implications of Darwinism, from the publication of On the Origin of Species to today's cutting-edge research.

Michael Ruse presents writings by leading modern thinkers and researchers—including some writings never before published—together with the most important historical documents on Darwinism and philosophy, starting with Darwin himself. Included here are Herbert Spencer, Friedrich Nietzsche, Thomas Henry Huxley, G. E. Moore, John Dewey, Konrad Lorenz, Stephen Toulmin, Karl Popper, Edward O. Wilson, Hilary Putnam, Philip Kitcher, Elliott Sober, and Peter Singer. Readers will encounter some of the staunchest critics of the evolutionary approach, such as Alvin Plantinga, as well as revealing excerpts from works like Jack London's The Call of the Wild. Ruse's comprehensive general introduction and insightful section introductions put these writings in context and explain how they relate to such fields as epistemology, philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, and ethics.

An invaluable anthology and sourcebook, Philosophy after Darwin traces philosophy's complicated relationship with Darwin's dangerous idea, and shows how this relationship reflects a broad movement toward a secular, more naturalistic understanding of the human experience.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691135540
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
08/24/2009
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
592
Product dimensions:
6.90(w) x 10.00(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix
Introduction 1

Part I. Epistemology after Darwin 13

HERBERT SPENCER: The Principles of Psychology 29
FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE: The Gay Science 32
CHAUNCEY WRIGHT: The Evolution of Self- Consciousness 34
CHARLES SANDERS PEIRCE: The Fixation of Belief 39
WILLIAM JAMES: Great Men, Great Thoughts, and the Environment 49
JOHN DEWEY: The Influence of Darwinism on Philosophy 55

Part II. Ethics after Darwin 63

CHARLES DARWIN: The Descent of Man 77
HERBERT SPENCER: The Data of Ethics 103
WILLIAM GRAHAM SUMNER: The Challenge of Facts 113
ANDREW CARNEGIE: The Gospel of Wealth 122
KARL PEARSON: Socialism 128
PRINCE PETR KROPOTKIN: Mutual Aid 130
ALFRED RUSSEL WALLACE: Human Progress: Past and Future 133
FRIEDRICH VON BERNHARDI: The Right to Make War 134
JACK LONDON: The Call of the Wild 137
G. E. MOORE: Principia Ethica: Naturalistic Ethics 141
THOMAS HENRY HUXLEY: Evolution and Ethics 152

Part III. The Evolution of Ideas 155

KARL POPPER: Darwinism as a Metaphysical Research Programme 167
THOMAS KUHN: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions 176
STEPHEN TOULMIN: The Evolutionary Development of Natural Science 177
DANIEL C. DENNETT: Memes and the Exploitation of Imagination 189
BRUCE EDMONDS: Three Challenges for the Survival of Memetics 198
DAVID HULL: Altruism in Science: A Sociobiological Model of Cooperative Behavior among Scientists 202
HILARY PUTNAM: Why Reason Cant Be Naturalized: Evolutionary Epistemology 217

Part IV. The Evolution of Rationality 221

KONRAD LORENZ: Kants Doctrine of the A Priori in the Light of Contemporary Biology 231
MICHAEL RUSE: The View from Somewhere: A Critical Defense of Evolutionary Epistemology 247
STEVEN PINKER: How the Mind Works 275
RONALD DE SOUSA: Evolution, Th inking, and Rationality 289
ALVIN PLANTINGA: The Evolutionary Argument against Naturalism: An Initial Statement of the Argument 301
EVAN FALES: Darwin's Doubt, Calvin's Calvary 309

Part V. Ethics and Progress 323
EDWARD O. WILSON On Human Nature 333
PETER SINGER A Darwinian Left : Politics, Evolution, and Cooperation 343
LARRY ARNHART Darwinian Conservatism 349
MICHAEL RUSE AND EDWARD O. WILSON: Moral Philosophy as Applied Science 365
PHILIP KITCHER: Four Ways of "Biologicizing" Ethics 379
ROBERT J. RICHARDS: A Defense of Evolutionary Ethics 388

Part VI. The Evolution of Altruism 411

MARC HAUSER: The Liver and the Moral Organ 423
ELLIOTT SOBER AND DAVID SLOAN WILSON: Unto Others 433
RICHARD JOYCE: Is Human Morality Innate? 452
ZACH ERNST: Game Theory in Evolutionary Biology 464
PETER SINGER: Ethics and Intuitions 476
MICHAEL RUSE: Evolution and Ethics: The Sociobiological Approach 489
CRAIG A. BOYD: Thomistic Natural Law and the Limits of Evolutionary Psychology 522
R. PAUL THOMPSON: An Evolutionary Account of Evil 533
GREGORY R. PETERSON: Falling Up: Evolution and Original Sin 539

Sources and Credits 549
Further Reading 553
Bibliography 561
Index 569

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