Philosophy after Darwin: Classic and Contemporary Readings

Philosophy after Darwin: Classic and Contemporary Readings

by Michael Ruse
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0691135533

ISBN-13: 9780691135533

Pub. Date: 08/24/2009

Publisher: Princeton University Press

Wittgenstein famously remarked in 1923, "Darwin's theory has no more relevance for philosophy than any other hypothesis in natural science." Yet today we are witnessing a major revival of interest in applying evolutionary approaches to philosophical problems. Philosophy after Darwin is an anthology of essential writings covering the most influential ideas about the

Overview

Wittgenstein famously remarked in 1923, "Darwin's theory has no more relevance for philosophy than any other hypothesis in natural science." Yet today we are witnessing a major revival of interest in applying evolutionary approaches to philosophical problems. Philosophy after Darwin is an anthology of essential writings covering the most influential ideas about the philosophical implications of Darwinism, from the publication of On the Origin of Species to today's cutting-edge research.

Michael Ruse presents writings by leading modern thinkers and researchers-including some writings never before published-together with the most important historical documents on Darwinism and philosophy, starting with one by Darwin himself. Included here are readings by Herbert Spencer, Friedrich Nietzsche, Thomas Henry Huxley, G. E. Moore, John Dewey, Konrad Lorenz, Stephen Toulmin, Karl Popper, Edward O. Wilson, Hilary Putnam, Philip Kitcher, Elliott Sober, and Peter Singer. Readers will encounter some of the staunchest critics of the evolutionary approach, such as Alvin Plantinga, as well as revealing excerpts from works like Jack London's The Call of the Wild. Ruse's comprehensive general introduction and insightful section introductions put these writings in context and explain how they relate to such fields as epistemology, philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, and ethics.

An invaluable anthology and sourcebook, Philosophy after Darwin traces philosophy's complicated relationship with Darwin's dangerous idea, and shows how this relationship reflects a broad movement toward a secular, more naturalistic understanding of the human experience.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691135533
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
08/24/2009
Pages:
592
Product dimensions:
6.90(w) x 10.10(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction 1

Part I Epistemology after Darwin 13

The Principles of Psychology Herbert Spencer 29

The Gay Science Friedrich Nietzsche 32

The Evolution of Self-Consciousness Chauncey Wright 34

The Fixation of Belief Charles Sanders Peirce 39

Great Men, Great Thoughts, and the Environment William James 49

The Influence of Darwinism on Philosophy John Dewey 55

Part II Ethics after Darwin 63

The Descent of Man Charles Darwin 77

The Data of Ethics Herbert Spencer 103

The Challenge of Facts William Graham Sumner 113

The Gospel of Wealth Andrew Carnegie 122

Socialism Karl Pearson 128

Mutual Aid Prince Petr Kropotkin 130

Human Progress: Past and Future Alfred Russel Wallace 133

The Right to Make War Friedrich Von Bernhardi 134

The Call of the Wild Jack London 137

Principia Ethica: Naturalistic Ethics G. E. Moore 141

Evolution and Ethics Thomas Henry Huxley 152

Part III The Evolution of Ideas 155

Darwinism as a Metaphysical Research Programme Karl Popper 167

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Thomas Kuhn 176

The Evolutionary Development of Natural Science Stephen Toulmin 177

Memes and the Exploitation of Imagination Daniel C. Dennett 189

Three Challenges for the Survival of Memetics Bruce Edmonds 198

Altruism in Science: A Sociobiological Model of Cooperative Behavior among Scientists David Hull 202

Why Reason Can't Be Naturalized: Evolutionary Epistemology Hilary Putnam 217

Part IV The Evolution of Rationality 221

Kant's Doctrine of the A Priori in the Light of Contemporary Biology Konrad Lorenz 231

The View from Somewhere: A Critical Defense of Evolutionary Epistemology Michael Ruse247

How the Mind Works Steven Pinker 275

Evolution, Thinking, and Rationality Ronald De Sousa 289

The Evolutionary Argument against Naturalism: An Initial Statement of the Argument Alvin Plantinga 301

Darwin's Doubt, Calvin's Calvary Evan Fales 309

Part V Ethics and Progress 323

On Human Nature Edward O. Wilson 333

A Darwinian Left: Politics, Evolution, and Cooperation Peter Singer 343

Darwinian Conservatism Larry Arnhart 349

Moral Philosophy as Applied Science Michael Ruse Edward O. Wilson 365

Four Ways of "Biologicizing" Ethics Philip Kitcher 379

A Defense of Evolutionary Ethics Robert J. Richards 388

Part VI The Evolution of Altruism 411

The Liver and the Moral Organ Marc Hauser 423

Unto Others Elliott Sober David Sloan Wilson 433

Is Human Morality Innate? Richard Joyce 452

Game Theory in Evolutionary Biology Zach Ernst 464

Ethics and Intuitions Peter Singer 476

Evolution and Ethics: The Sociobiological Approach Michael Ruse 489

The Darwinian Moral Sense and Biblical Religion Larry Arnhart 511

Thomistic Natural Law and the Limits of Evolutionary Psychology Craig A. Boyd 522

An Evolutionary Account of Evil R. Paul Thompson 533

Falling Up: Evolution and Original Sin Gregory R. Peterson 539

Sources and Credits 549

Further Reading 553

Bibliography 561

Index 569

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