Philosophy Here and Now: Powerful Ideas in Everyday Life

Philosophy Here and Now: Powerful Ideas in Everyday Life

by Lewis Vaughn
     
 


Philosophy Here and Now: Powerful Ideas in Everyday Life is a hybrid text/reader that helps students understand, appreciate, and even do philosophy. The book emphasizes philosophical writing, reinforced with step-by-step coaching in how to write argumentative essays and supported by multiple opportunities to hone critical thinking. It shows studentsSee more details below

Overview


Philosophy Here and Now: Powerful Ideas in Everyday Life is a hybrid text/reader that helps students understand, appreciate, and even do philosophy. The book emphasizes philosophical writing, reinforced with step-by-step coaching in how to write argumentative essays and supported by multiple opportunities to hone critical thinking. It shows students how philosophy applies to their own lives and brings the subject to life with engaging chapter-ending literary selections, abundant illustrations, and a wealth of pedagogical features.

FEATURES:

* A comprehensive introductory chapter lays the groundwork for philosophical thinking

* Six types of text boxes--"Philosophy Now," "Philosophers at Work," "Philosophy Lab," "What Do You Believe," "Writing to Understand: Critiquing Philosophical Views," and "Writing to Understand: Arguing Your Own Views" demonstrate the value and relevance of philosophy

* Additional pedagogical elements make the material even more engaging and accessible. These include marginal critical-thinking questions, marginal quotes, a timeline, key terms (boldfaced at their first appearance and listed and defined at the end of each chapter), marginal definitions, and a glossary.

* Charts, tables, and color photos keep students visually engaged

* Fictional or narrative selections-- followed by "Probing Questions"--at the end of each chapter explore and dramatize the philosophical issues discussed

* A "How to Write a Philosophy Paper" appendix offers concise, step-by-step guidance in crafting an effective philosophical essay

* An Instructor's Manual and Test Bank on CD and a Companion Website provide additional resources

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780199765225
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
06/29/2012
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
464
Sales rank:
81,943
Product dimensions:
7.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Each chapter includes Review Notes, Key Terms, Probing Questions (which follow the literary selections), and Suggestions For Further Reading.
Preface
CHAPTER 1. PHILOSOPHY AND YOU
1.1 PHILOSOPHY: THE QUEST FOR UNDERSTANDING
The Good of Philosophy Philosophical Terrain
1.2 SOCRATES AND THE EXAMINED LIFE
PLATO: The Republic
1.3 THINKING PHILOSOPHICALLY
Reasons and Arguments Reading Philosophy Fallacious Reasoning
Argument Exercises
Narrative: The Trial and Death of Socrates, Plato
CHAPTER 2. GOD AND RELIGION
2.1 OVERVIEW: GOD AND PHILOSOPHY
Why Religion Matters Overview: The Philosopher's Quest Belief and Disbelief
2.2 ARGUMENTS FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD
Cosmological Arguments AQUINAS: Summa Theologica CRAIG: Reasonable Faith Design Arguments PALEY: Natural Theology HUME: Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion ANSELM: The Ontological Argument KANT: Critique of Pure Reason
2.3 GOD AND THE PROBLEM OF EVIL
Rowe's Argument from Evil The Free Will Defense ROWE: Philosophy of Religion SWINBURNE: Is There a God?
HICK: Evil and the God of Love
2.4 THEISM AND RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE
ST. TERESA OF AVILA: The Life of Teresa of Jesus MACKIE: The Miracle of Theism ROWE: Philosophy of Religion SWINBURNE: The Existence of God
2.5 BELIEF WITHOUT REASON
JAMES: Pragmatic Faith JAMES: The Will to Believe MARTIN: Atheism: A Philosophical Justification PASCAL: Pensees
2.6 BUDDHISM: AN EASTERN WAY
AJAHN SUMEDHO: Buddha-Nature WALPOLA RAHULA: What the Buddha Taught Fiction: Arthur C. Clarke, The Star
CHAPTER 3. MORALITY AND THE MORAL LIFE
3.1 OVERVIEW: ETHICS AND THE MORAL DOMAIN
Ethics and Morality Moral Theories SHAFER-LANDAU: Whatever Happened to Good and Evil?
3.2 MORAL RELATIVISM
Subjective Relativism Cultural Relativism
3.3 MORALITY BASED ON CONSEQUENCES
Utilitarianism MILL: Utilitarianism
3.4 MORALITY BASED ON DUTY AND RIGHTS
KANT: Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals
3.5 MORALITY BASED ON CHARACTER
ARISTOTLE: Nicomachean Ethics SHAFER-LANDAU: The Fundamentals of Ethics
3.6 FEMINIST ETHICS AND THE ETHICS OF CARE
JAGGAR: Feminist Ethics CROSTHWAITE: Gender and Bioethics HELD: The Ethics of Care BAIER: The Need for More Than Justice
3.7 ALBERT CAMUS: AN EXISTENTIALIST VOICE
Fiction: Ursula Le Guin, The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas
CHAPTER 4. MIND AND BODY
4.1 OVERVIEW: THE MIND-BODY PROBLEM
4.2 SUBSTANCE DUALISM
DESCARTES: Discourse on the Method SCHICK: Doing Philosophy DESCARTES: Meditations on First Philosophy SEARLE: Mind
4.3 MIND-BODY IDENTITY
SMART: Sensations and Brain Processes CHALMERS: The Conscious Mind NAGEL: What Is It Like to Be a Bat?
4.4 THE MIND AS SOFTWARE
FODOR: The Mind-Body Problem BLOCK: Troubles with Functionalism SEARLE: Mind
4.5 THE MIND AS PROPERTIES
CHALMERS: The Conscious Mind Fiction: Terry Bisson, They're Made Out of Meat
CHAPTER 5. FREE WILL AND DETERMINISM
5.1 OVERVIEW: THE FREE WILL PROBLEM
5.2 DETERMINISM AND INDETERMINISM
D'HOLBACH: Of the System of Man's Free Agency JAMES: The Dilemma of Determinism
5.3 COMPATIBILISM
LOCKE: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding STACE: Religion and the Modern Mind ROWE: Two Concepts of Freedom
5.4 LIBERTARIANISM
VAN INWAGEN: An Essay on Free Will TAYLOR: Metaphysics
5.5 SARTRE'S PROFOUND FREEDOM
SARTRE: Existentialism Is a Humanism Fiction: Thomas D. Davis, A Little Omniscience Goes a Long Way
CHAPTER 6. KNOWLEDGE AND SKEPTICISM
6.1 OVERVIEW: THE PROBLEM OF KNOWLEDGE
6.2 THE RATIONALIST ROAD
Plato's Rationalism Descartes' Doubt Descartes' Certainty PLATO: Meno DESCARTES: Meditations on First Philosophy
6.3 THE EMPIRICIST TURN
Locke Berkeley Hume LOCKE: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding BERKELEY: Of the Principles of Human Knowledge HUME: An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
6.4 THE KANTIAN COMPROMISE
KANT: Critique of Pure Reason
6.5 A FEMINIST PERSPECTIVE ON KNOWLEDGE
AINLEY: Feminist Philosophy ANTONY: Embodiment and Epistemology ANDERSON: Feminist Epistemology COLE: Philosophy and Feminist Criticism Fiction: Lewis Carroll, Through the Looking Glass
CHAPTER 7. THE JUST SOCIETY
7.1 OVERVIEW: JUSTICE AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
7.2 PLATO'S THEORY: JUSTICE AS MERIT
PLATO: The Republic
7.3 SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORIES
Hobbes HOBBES: Leviathan LOCKE: Second Treatise of Government RAWLS: A Theory of Justice
7.4 SOCIALIST THEORIES
MARX: Manifesto of the Communist Party
7.5 FEMINISM AND SOCIAL JUSTICE
OKIN: Justice, Gender, and the Family MILLER: Political Philosophy Fiction: William Golding, Lord of the Flies
CHAPTER 8. THE MEANING OF LIFE
8.1 PHILOSOPHY AND THE MEANING OF LIFE
8.2 PESSIMISM: LIFE HAS NO MEANING
TOLSTOY: My Confession SCHOPENHAUER: On the Sufferings of the World BAGGINI: What's It All About?
8.3 OPTIMISM: LIFE CAN HAVE MEANING
Meaning from Above TOLSTOY: My Confession BAGGINI What's It All About?
Meaning from Below EDWARDS: The Encyclopedia of Philosophy Fiction: Voltaire, The Good Brahmin
Appendix A. Answers to Exercises
Appendix B. How to Write a Philosophy Paper
Notes
Glossary
Credits
Index

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