Philosophy In Classical India

Philosophy In Classical India

by Jonardon Ganeri
     
 

This original work focuses on the rational principles of Indian philosophical theory, rather than the mysticism more usually associated with it. Ganeri explores the philosophical projects of a number of major Indian philosophers and looks into the methods of rational inquiry deployed within these projects. In so doing, he illuminates a network of mutual reference,

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Overview

This original work focuses on the rational principles of Indian philosophical theory, rather than the mysticism more usually associated with it. Ganeri explores the philosophical projects of a number of major Indian philosophers and looks into the methods of rational inquiry deployed within these projects. In so doing, he illuminates a network of mutual reference, criticism, influence and response, in which reason is used to call itself into question. This fresh perspective on classical Indian thought unravels new philosophical paradigms, and points towards new applications for the concept of reason.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780415240345
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
05/29/2001
Pages:
216
Product dimensions:
6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction1
1The motive and method of rational inquiry7
1.1Early recognition of a 'practice of reason'7
1.2Rationality in the Nyayasutra10
1.3Rationality and the ends of life15
1.4Perception17
1.5Mind, attention and the soul22
1.6Rationality and extrapolation25
1.7Rationality and debate28
1.8Reason, scripture and testimony35
1.9Reason's checks and balances37
2Rationality, emptiness and the objective view42
2.1Thought and reality42
2.2Emptiness and the objective view43
2.3Rationality in Madhyamaka47
2.4On causation51
2.5The impossibility of proof58
2.6A new paradox of motion63
2.7Self-refutation66
3The rational basis of metaphysics71
3.1Order in nature71
3.2The categorial hierarchy72
3.3The structure of the world77
3.4The taxonomy of natural kinds79
3.5Absence as a type of entity82
3.6Higher-order absence85
3.7Navya-Nyaya logic89
3.8Number91
4Reduction, exclusion and rational reconstruction97
4.1How to practice poverty in metaphysics97
4.2A skeletal ontology98
4.3Marking and similarity100
4.4The role of language in conceptual construction104
4.5The exclusion theory of meaning106
4.6Sentence meaning111
4.7Conditions on rational extrapolation114
4.8Reasoning from specifics118
4.9Are reason-target relations law-like?121
4.10The problem of grounding123
5Rationality, harmony and perspective128
5.1A rationality of reconciliation128
5.2The many-sided nature of things128
5.3Disagreement defused130
5.4The epistemology of perspective134
5.5The logic of assertion137
5.6Assertion and the unassertible141
5.7The mark of a good reason144
5.8Integration and complete knowledge147
6Reason in equilibrium151
6.1Reason and the management of doubt151
6.2The burden of proof153
6.3Criteria for rational rejection155
6.4Supposition and pretence158
6.5A new doxastic ascent159
6.6Epistemic equilibrium162
Notes169
Texts184
Bibliography192
Index203

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