Philosophy In Classical India

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This original work focuses on the rational principles of Indian philosophical theory, rather than the mysticism more usually associated with it. Ganeri explores the philosophical projects of a number of major Indian philosophers and looks into the methods of rational inquiry deployed within these projects. In so doing, he illuminates a network of mutual reference, criticism, influence and response, in which reason is used to call itself into question. This fresh perspective on classical Indian thought unravels new philosophical paradigms, and points towards new applications for the concept of reason.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'... a brilliant contribution to the study of some of the basic questions of classical Indian Philosophy, and at the same time quite a convincing presentation of new philosophical paradigms ... What is striking in Ganeri's work is the commendable combination of sound grasp of the Sanskrit texts with outstanding interpretive skills. There is no doubt that the book will be acknowledged as a pathfinder in the interpretation of classical Indian Philosophy.' - John Vattanky, De Nobili College, India, Nagoya Studies in Indian Culture and Buddhism

'Excellent, just what we need right at this moment.' - Arindam Chakrabarti, University of Hawaii at Manoa

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415240345
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 5/29/2001
  • Pages: 216
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Jonardon Ganeri read mathematics at Cambridge before pursuing graduate studies in philosophy at London and Oxford. He is the author of Semantic Powers: Meaning and the Means of Knowing in Classical Indian Philosophy 0Clarendon Press, 1999). He is currently Spalding Fellow in Comparative Religions, Clare Hall, Cambridge

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Table of Contents

Introduction 1
1 The motive and method of rational inquiry 7
1.1 Early recognition of a 'practice of reason' 7
1.2 Rationality in the Nyayasutra 10
1.3 Rationality and the ends of life 15
1.4 Perception 17
1.5 Mind, attention and the soul 22
1.6 Rationality and extrapolation 25
1.7 Rationality and debate 28
1.8 Reason, scripture and testimony 35
1.9 Reason's checks and balances 37
2 Rationality, emptiness and the objective view 42
2.1 Thought and reality 42
2.2 Emptiness and the objective view 43
2.3 Rationality in Madhyamaka 47
2.4 On causation 51
2.5 The impossibility of proof 58
2.6 A new paradox of motion 63
2.7 Self-refutation 66
3 The rational basis of metaphysics 71
3.1 Order in nature 71
3.2 The categorial hierarchy 72
3.3 The structure of the world 77
3.4 The taxonomy of natural kinds 79
3.5 Absence as a type of entity 82
3.6 Higher-order absence 85
3.7 Navya-Nyaya logic 89
3.8 Number 91
4 Reduction, exclusion and rational reconstruction 97
4.1 How to practice poverty in metaphysics 97
4.2 A skeletal ontology 98
4.3 Marking and similarity 100
4.4 The role of language in conceptual construction 104
4.5 The exclusion theory of meaning 106
4.6 Sentence meaning 111
4.7 Conditions on rational extrapolation 114
4.8 Reasoning from specifics 118
4.9 Are reason-target relations law-like? 121
4.10 The problem of grounding 123
5 Rationality, harmony and perspective 128
5.1 A rationality of reconciliation 128
5.2 The many-sided nature of things 128
5.3 Disagreement defused 130
5.4 The epistemology of perspective 134
5.5 The logic of assertion 137
5.6 Assertion and the unassertible 141
5.7 The mark of a good reason 144
5.8 Integration and complete knowledge 147
6 Reason in equilibrium 151
6.1 Reason and the management of doubt 151
6.2 The burden of proof 153
6.3 Criteria for rational rejection 155
6.4 Supposition and pretence 158
6.5 A new doxastic ascent 159
6.6 Epistemic equilibrium 162
Notes 169
Texts 184
Bibliography 192
Index 203
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