Philosophy: The Basics (The Basics Series) / Edition 4

Philosophy: The Basics (The Basics Series) / Edition 4

by Nigel Warburton
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0415327733

ISBN-13: 2900415327731

Pub. Date: 07/01/2004

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Philosophy: The Basics is the book for anyone coming to philosophy for the first time.

Now in its fourth edition, Nigel Warburton's best-selling book gently eases the reader into the world of philosophy. Each chapter considers a key area of philosophy, explaining and exploring the basic ideas and themes. For the fourth edition, Warburton has added new sections to

Overview

Philosophy: The Basics is the book for anyone coming to philosophy for the first time.

Now in its fourth edition, Nigel Warburton's best-selling book gently eases the reader into the world of philosophy. Each chapter considers a key area of philosophy, explaining and exploring the basic ideas and themes. For the fourth edition, Warburton has added new sections to several chapters, revised others and brought the further reading sections up to date. If you have ever wondered what philosophy is, or whether the world really is the way you think it is, then this is the book for you.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2900415327731
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
07/01/2004
Series:
Basics Series
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
184

Table of Contents

Prefacexiii
Introduction1
Philosophy and its history2
Why study philosophy?3
Is philosophy difficult?5
The limits of what philosophy can do6
How to use this book6
Further reading7
Internet resources9
1God11
The Design Argument12
Criticisms of the Design Argument13
Fine Tuning15
Criticism of Fine Tuning16
The First Cause Argument16
Critisms of the First Cause Argument17
The Ontological Argument18
Criticisms of the Ontological Argument19
Knowledge, proof and the existence of God20
The Problem of Evil21
Attempted solutions to the Problem of Evil22
The Free Will Defence24
Criticisms of the Free Will Defence24
The argument from miracles27
Hume on miracles27
The Gambler's Argument: Pascal's Wager30
Criticisms of the Gambler's Argument31
Non-realism about God32
Criticisms of non-realism about God33
Faith33
Death35
Criticism of Epicurus36
Would immortality be tedious?36
Criticism of the tedium of immortality36
Conclusion37
Further reading37
2Right and wrong39
Duty-based theories40
Christian ethics40
Criticisms of Christian ethics41
Kantian ethics42
Criticisms of Kantian ethics46
Consequentialism48
Utilitarianism48
Criticisms of utilitarianism49
Negative utilitarianism52
Criticism of negative utilitarianism53
Rule utilitarianism53
Virtue theory54
Criticisms of virtue theory55
Applied ethics56
Ethics and meta-ethics59
Naturalism59
Criticisms of naturalism60
Moral relativism62
Criticisms of moral relativism62
Emotivism63
Criticisms of emotivism64
Conclusion65
Further reading66
3Politics67
Equality67
Equal distribution of money69
Criticisms of equal distribution of money69
Equal opportunity in employment71
Reverse discrimination72
Criticisms of reverse discrimination73
Political equality: democracy74
Direct democracy74
Representative democracy75
Criticisms of democracy75
Freedom77
Negative freedom77
Criticisms of negative freedom78
Positive freedom79
Freedom of speech80
Criticisms of Mill on free speech81
Removing freedom: punishment82
Punishment as retribution82
Criticisms of retributivism83
Deterrence83
Criticisms of deterrence84
Protection of society84
Criticisms of protection of society85
Reform85
Criticisms of reform86
Civil disobedience86
Criticisms of civil disobedience88
Conclusion90
Further reading90
4The external world92
Common-sense realism92
Scepticism about the evidence of the senses93
The Illusion Argument93
Criticisms of the Illusion Argument94
Could I be dreaming?95
Hallucination96
Memory and logic98
I think therefore I am99
Criticism of the Cogito99
Representative realism99
Criticisms of representative realism101
Idealism102
Criticisms of idealism103
Phenomenalism105
Criticisms of phenomenalism106
Causal realism107
Criticisms of causal realism108
Conclusion109
Further reading109
5Science110
The simple view of scientific method111
Criticisms of the simple view112
The Problem of Induction114
Attempted solutions to the Problem of Induction118
Falsificationism: conjecture and refutation120
Criticisms of falsificationism122
Scientism124
Criticism of scientism125
Conclusion125
Further reading125
6Mind127
Philosophy of mind and psychology127
The Mind/Body Problem128
Zombies128
Dualism129
Criticisms of dualism130
Dualism without interaction132
Physicalism133
Type-identity theory134
Criticisms of type-identity theory135
Token-identity theory137
Criticisms of token-identity theory138
Behaviourism138
Criticisms of behaviourism139
Functionalism142
Criticism of functionalism143
Other Minds144
The argument from analogy144
Criticisms of the argument from analogy145
Conclusion146
Further reading146
7Art148
Can art be defined?149
The family resemblance view149
Criticisms of the family resemblance view149
The significant form theory150
Criticisms of the significant form theory151
The idealist theory152
Criticisms of the idealist theory152
The institutional theory153
Criticisms of the institutional theory154
Art criticism156
Anti-intentionalism156
Criticisms of anti-intentionalism157
Performance, interpretation, authenticity158
Historical authenticity in performance159
Criticisms of historical authenticity in performance159
Forgeries and artistic value160
Conclusion164
Further reading164
Index165

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