Philosophy of Biology: An Anthology / Edition 1

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Overview

Rapid biological advances and new standards of philosophical rigor are casting age-old questions about the nature and methodology of the biological sciences in a dramatic new light. Philosophy of Biology: An Anthology offers a comprehensive and up-to-date collection of the field's most significant works. The text is organized to provide readers at all levels with a thorough grounding in the general history, philosophy, and science behind debates that remain at the heart of the philosophy of biology. Addressing the field's central issues, sections draw on works relating to Darwinism and its influence on the biological sciences, evolution and chance, the unit of selection debate, adaptationism, evolutionary psychology, and the burgeoning science of evolutionary developmental biology, to name just a few. Editors' introductions and further reading material throughout the text - combined with the readings themselves - provide novices with a solid basis on which to pursue further research in philosophy of biology.

Comprehensive in scope, Philosophy of Biology: An Anthology offers readers an accessible gateway into a field of study that holds the most crucial insights and implications into our understanding of the nature and methodology of the biological sciences.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“Nevertheless, this new anthology is a useful addition tothe existing collection of building blocks from which introductorycourses in philosophy of biology are constructed”. (Acta Biotheor, 1 June 2013)

“Philosophy of Biology: An Anthology has selections that makeit easy to teach evolutionary theory, clear up commonmisconceptions, and introduce students to genuinely importantphilosophical problems.” (Science & Education,2010)

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Alex Rosenberg is the R. Taylor Cole Professor ofPhilosophy, Professor of Biology and Director of the Center forPhilosophy of Biology at Duke University. He has published 11 bookson the philosophy of science including The Philosophy ofBiology: A Contemporary Introduction (2007) with Daniel McShea.In 1993, he won the Lakatos Prize in the Philosophy of Science andin 2007 was the National Phi Beta Kappa Rommell lecturer inphilosophy.

Robert Arp is Research Associate with the National Centerfor Biomedical Ontology at the University of Buffalo and works withthe Ontology Research Group at the New York State Center ofExcellence in Bioinformatics & Life Sciences in Buffalo, NewYork. A PhD in Philosophy from Saint Louis University, he haspublished in the areas of philosophy of biology, philosophy ofmind, and biomedical ontology.

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Table of Contents

Personal Acknowledgments

Source Acknowledgments

General Introduction: A Short History of Philosophy of Biology:Alex Rosenberg and Robert Arp

Part I: Basic Principles and Proofs of Darwinism

Introduction

1. Struggle for Existence and Natural Selection: CharlesDarwin

2. Evolution: Eugenie G. Scott

Part II: Evolution and Chance

Introduction

3. Beyond the Reach of Chance: Michael Denton

4. Accumulating Small Change: Richard Dawkins

5. Chance and Natural Selection: John Beatty

6. The Principle of Drift: Biology’s First Law: Robert N.Brandon

Part III: The Tautology Problem

Introduction

7. Darwin’s Untimely Burial: Stephen Jay Gould

8. Adaptation and Evolutionary Theory: Robert N. Brandon

Part IV: Adaptationism

Introduction

9. The Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm: ACritique of the Adaptationist Programme: Stephen Jay Gould andRichard C. Lewontin

10. How to Carry Out the Adaptationist Program?: Ernst Mayr

Part V: Biological Function and Teleology

Introduction

11. The Modern Philosophical Resurrection of Teleology: MarkPerlman

12. Neo-Teleology: Robert Cummins

13. A Modern History Theory of Functions: PeterGodfrey-Smith

Part VI: Evolutionary Developmental Biology

Introduction

14. Endless Forms: The Evolution of Gene Regulation andMorphological Diversity: Sean B. Carroll

15. Functional Evo-devo: Casper J. Breuker, Vincent Debat, andChristian Peter Klingenberg

Part VII: Reductionism and the Biological Sciences

Introduction

16. 1953 and All That: A Tale of Two Sciences: PhilipKitcher

17. The Multiple Realizability Argument against Reductionism:Elliott Sober

Part VIII: Species and Classification Problems

Introduction

18. Species, Taxonomy, and Systematics: Marc Ereshefsky

19. Spec;iation: A Catalogue and Critique of Species Concepts:Jerry A. Coyne and H. Allen Orr

Part IX: The Units of Selection Debate

Introduction

20. Artifact, Cause, and Genic Selection: Elliott Sober andRichard C. Lewontin

21. The Return of the Gene: Kim Sterelny and Philip Kitcher

22. The Levels of Selection Debate: Philosophical Issues: SamirOkasha

Part X: Sociobiology and Ethics

Introduction

23. Sociobiology: The New Synthesis: Edward O. Wilson

24. The Evolution of Cooperation: Robert Axelrod and William D.Hamilton

25. Darwinism in Moral Philosophy and Social Theory: AlexRosenberg

Part XI: Evolutionary Psychology

Introduction

26. Conceptual Foundations of Evolutionary Psychology: JohnTooby and Leda Cosmides

27. The Environments of Our Hominin Ancestors, Tool-usage, andScenario Visualization: Robert Arp

Part XII: Design and Creationism

Introduction

28. Science and Creationism: Donald Prothero

29. Irreducible Complexity: Obstacle to Darwinian Evolution:Michael J. Behe

30. The Flagellum Unspun: The Collapse of "IrreducibleComplexity": Kenneth R. Miller

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