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New material on divine foreknowledge and human freedom has been added as well as on Reformed epistemology. The discussions on science now cover new developments from cognitive psychology and naturalism as well as on the fine-tuning of the cosmos. The chapter on faith and reason has been expanded to include consideration of evidentialism. The problem of evil now forms its own new chapter and adds a discussion of the problem of hell.
The standard features remain: a survey of the field, an examination of classical arguments for God's existence, and an exploration of contemporary challenges to theism from the social sciences and philosophy as well as the natural sciences. The meaning and significance of personal religious experience, revelation and miracles--all within the realm of contemporary religious pluralism--are likewise investigated.
A classic introduction thoroughly updated and refreshed for today's student.
Preface to the Second Edition
1. What Is Philosophy of Religion?
Philosophy of Religion and Other Disciplines
Philosophy of Religion and Philosophy
Can Thinking About Religion Be Neutral?
2. The Theistic God: The Project of Natural Theology
Concepts of God
The Theistic Concept of God
A Case Study: Divine Foreknowledge and Human Freedom
The Problem of Religious Language
Proofs of God's Existence
3. Classical Arguments for God's Existence
Conclusions: The Value of Theistic Argument
4. Religious Experience
Types of Religious Experience
Two Models for Understanding Experience
Experience of God as Direct and Mediated
Are Religious Experiences Veridical?
Checking Experiential Claims
5. Special Acts of God: Revelation and Miracles
Theories of Revelation
Is the Traditional View Defensible?
What Is a Miracle?
Is It Reasonable to Believe in Miracles?
Can a Revelation Have Special Authority?
6. Religion, Modernity and Science
Modernity and Religious Belief
Do the Natural Sciences Undermine Religious Belief?
Objections from the Social Sciences
Religious Uses of Modern Atheism?
7. The Problem of Evil
Types of Evil, Versions of the Problem, and Types of Response
The Logical Form of the Problem
The Evidential Form of the Problem
Horrendous Evils and the Problem of Hell
8. Faith(s) and Reason
Faith: Subjectivity in Religious Arguments
The Evidentialist Challenge to Religious Belief
The Place of Subjectivity in Forming Beliefs
Interpretive Judgments and the Nature of a Cumulative Case
Can Faith Be Certain?
Faith and Doubt: Can Religious Faith Be Tested?
What Is Faith?
Could One Religion Be True?