Philosophy of Science and Its Discontents, Second Edition / Edition 2

Philosophy of Science and Its Discontents, Second Edition / Edition 2

by Steve Fuller
     
 

ISBN-10: 0898620201

ISBN-13: 9780898620207

Pub. Date: 12/25/1992

Publisher: Guilford Publications, Inc.


The most important and exciting recent development in the philosophy of science is its merging with the sociology of scientific knowledge. Here is the first text book to make this development available.
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Overview


The most important and exciting recent development in the philosophy of science is its merging with the sociology of scientific knowledge. Here is the first text book to make this development available.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780898620207
Publisher:
Guilford Publications, Inc.
Publication date:
12/25/1992
Series:
The Conduct of Science Series Series
Edition description:
Second Edition
Pages:
240
Product dimensions:
5.86(w) x 8.99(h) x 0.54(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction
1My Map of the Field1
1Overall Trend: From Historicism to Naturalism1
2The Great Pretender: The Sociology of Scientific Knowledge7
3The Old Chestnuts: Rationalism and Realism13
4The Growth Areas: Biology and Cognitive Science17
5An Itinerary for the Nineties: Does Science Compute?23
6The New Wave: Metascience28
7Feminism: The Final Frontier?31
2Mythical Naturalism and Anemic Normativism: A Look at the Status Quo34
1The Mythical Status of the Internal History of Science, or Why the Philosophy of Science Is Suffering an Identity Crisis34
2Dismantling This Myth, Step By Step40
3Gently Easing Ourselves Out of Internalism: The Case of Disciplines49
4If Internalism Is Such a Myth, Then Why Don't the Sociologists Have the Upper Hand?55
5Still, the Internalists Do Not Have a Lock on the Concept of Rationality59
6Nor on the Concept of Reality, Where Things Are a Complete Mess66
7The End of Realism, or Deconstructing Everything In and Out of Sight69
8But What's Left of Scientific Rationality? Only Your Management Scientist Knows For Sure74
9Finale: Some New Things For Philosophers to Worry About82
3Reposing the Naturalistic Question: What Is Knowledge?86
1Naturalism as a Threat to Rationality: The Case of Laudan86
2Shards of a Potted History of Naturalism89
3Why Today's Naturalistic Philosophy of Science Is Modeled More on Aristotle Than on Darwin92
4Why a Truly Naturalistic Science of Science Might Just Do Away With Science96
5A Parting Shot at Misguided Naturalism: Piecemeal Approaches to Scientific Change101
6Towards a New Dismal Science of Science: A First Look at the Experimental Study of Scientific Reasoning106
7Sociologists versus Psychologists, and a Resolution via Social Epistemology109
8If People Are Irrational, Then Maybe Knowledge Needs to Be Beefed Up115
9Or Maybe Broken Down120
10Or Maybe We Need to Resort to Metaphors: Everyone Else Has123
11Could Reason Be Modeled on a Society Modeled on a Computer?127
12Could Computers Be the Very Stuff of Which Reason Is Made?130
13Yes, But There's Still Plenty of Room For People!137
4Reposing the Nonnative Question: What Ought Knowledge Be?143
1Knowledge Policy Requires That You Find Out Where the Reason Is in Knowledge Production143
2Unfortunately, On This Issue, Philosophers and Sociologists Are Most Wrong Where They Most Agree146
3However, Admitting the Full Extent of This Error Suggests a Radical Reworking of the History of Science149
4But It Also Means That the Epistemic Legitimacy of the Interpretive Method Has Been Undermined153
5Moreover, the Fall of the Interpretive Method Threatens the New Cognitive History of Science155
6Still, None of This Need Endanger the Rationality of Science, If We Look in Other Directions162
7Reconstructing Rationality I: Getting History Into Gear167
8Reconstructing Rationality II: Experiment Against the Infidels175
9The Perils and Possibilities of Modeling Norms: Some Lessons from the History of Economics180
10The Big Problem: How To Take the First Step Toward Improving Science?186
11Behaviorally Speaking, the Options Are Numerous But Disparate191
12If the Display of Norms Is So Disparate, Then the Search For Cognitive Coherence is Just So Much Voodoo198
Coda: Epistemic Autonomy as Institutionalized Self-Deception208
Postscript: Big Questions and Little Answers - A Response to Critics211
Bibliography218
Index237

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