Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues / Edition 1

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Overview

Gathering 49 readings on a variety of topics—science and pseudoscience; rationality, objectivity, and values in science; laws of nature; models of explanation, among others—this anthology introduces students to the often challenging problems examined by major thinkers in the field. Combine this with thoughtful and thorough apparatus, and Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues
is the most flexible and comprehensive collection ever created for undergraduate courses.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780393971750
  • Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
  • Publication date: 3/28/1998
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 1408
  • Product dimensions: 5.60 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.70 (d)

Meet the Author

J. A. Cover is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Purdue University. Leaving a research post after completing a B.S. in biochemistry and biophysics at the University of California, Davis, he took a B.A. at Syracuse University, where he later received his M.A. and Ph.D. His primary fields of research are early modern philosophy, metaphysics, and philosophy of science. His work on Leibniz, Spinoza, causation, space and time, and modality has appeared as book chapters and in numerous journals including Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, Nošs, Synthese, and Philosophical Studies. In addition, he is co-editor of Central Themes in Early Modern Philosophy (Hackett, 1990) and co-author of Theories of Knowledge and Reality: An Introduction to the Problems and Arguments of Philosophy, 2e (McGraw-Hill, 1994).

Martin Curd, is an Associate Professor of Philosophy at Purdue University. After taking a B.A. in Natural Sciences at Cambridge University he studied History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh where he received his Ph.D. His articles on a wide range of topics in philosophy of science and epistemology have been published in journals such as the British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Ratio, and The Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association and have been reprinted in several edited anthologies, including Readings in the Philosophy of Science, 2e (Prentice Hall, 1989). He is co-author of Principles of Reasoning (St. Martin’s, 1989) as well as author of Argument and Analysis: An Introduction to Philosophy (West, 1992).

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Table of Contents

Preface
General Introduction
Science: Conjectures and Refutations 3
Logic of Discovery or Psychology of Research? 11
Science and Pseudoscience 20
Why Astrology Is a Pseudoscience 27
Creation-Science Is Not Science 38
Commentary: Science at the Bar - Causes for Concern 48
Response to the Commentary: Pro Judice 54
The Nature and Necessity of Scientific Revolutions 86
Objectivity, Value Judgment, and Theory Choice 102
Rationality and Paradigm Change in Science 119
Dissecting the Holist Picture of Scientific Change 139
Values and Objectivity 170
Gender and the Biological Sciences 192
Physical Theory and Experiment 257
Two Dogmas of Empiricism 280
The Duhem Thesis and the Quine Thesis 302
Demystifying Underdetermination 320
Induction 412
The Problem of Induction 426
Rational Prediction 433
Criteria of Confirmation and Acceptability 445
Is Evidence Historical? 460
Explanation v. Prediction: Which Carries More Weight? 481
Rationality and Objectivity in Science or Tom Kuhn Meets Tom Bayes 551
Why I Am Not a Bayesian 584
Wittgensteinian Bayesianism 607
The Value of Laws: Explanation and Prediction 678
Two Basic Types of Scientific Explanation 685
The Thesis of Structural Identity 695
Inductive-Statistical Explanation 706
Arguments, Laws, and Explanation 720
A Deductive-Nomological Model of Probabilistic Explanation 746
What Is a Law of Nature? 808
Laws of Nature 826
Necessities and Universals in Natural Laws 846
Do the Laws of Physics State the Facts? 865
Issues in the Logic of Reductive Explanations 905
How to Be a Good Empiricist - A Plea for Tolerance in Matters Epistemological 922
Two Concepts of Intertheoretic Reduction 950
1953 and All That: A Tale of Two Sciences 971
The Ontological Status of Theoretical Entities 1052
Arguments Concerning Scientific Realism 1064
Realism versus Constructive Empiricism 1088
A Confutation of Convergent Realism 1114
Explaining the Success of Science 1136
Experimentation and Scientific Realism 1153
Hacking's Experimental Realism 1169
The Natural Ontological Attitude 1186
NOA's Ark - Fine for Realism 1209
Glossary 1291
Bibliography 1311
Permissions Acknowledgments 1331
Name Index 1335
Subject Index 1349
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