Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues / Edition 1

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Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues offers a balanced and comprehensive survey to the main currents in twentieth-century philosophy of science.
Gathering 49 readings on a variety of topics—science and pseudoscience; rationality, objectivity, and values in science; laws of nature; models of explanation, among others—this anthology introduces students to the often challenging problems examined by major thinkers in the field. Combine this with thoughtful and thorough apparatus, and Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues is the most flexible and comprehensive collection ever created for undergraduate courses.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780393971750
  • Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
  • Publication date: 3/28/1998
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 1408
  • Product dimensions: 5.60 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.70 (d)

Meet the Author

J. A. Cover is professor of philosophy at Purdue University. Leaving a research post after completing a B.S. in biochemistry and biophysics at the University of California, Davis, he took a B.A. in philosophy at Syracuse University, where he later received his M.A. and Ph.D. Published widely in journals and books on issues in early modern philosophy, metaphysics, and philosophy of science, he is coeditor of Central Themes in Early Modern Philosophy (Hackett, 1990), coauthor of Theories of Knowledge and Reality, Second Edition (McGraw-Hill, 1994), coauthor of Leibniz on Substance and Individuation (Cambridge, 1999), and coeditor of Leibniz: Nature and Freedom (Oxford, 2005).

Martin Curd is associate professor of philosophy at Purdue University. He has a B.A. in natural sciences from Cambridge University and a Ph.D. in history and philosophy of science from the University of Pittsburgh. Working mainly in philosophy of science and epistemology, he is coeditor of The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science (2008).

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Table of Contents

General Introduction
Science: Conjectures and Refutations 3
Logic of Discovery or Psychology of Research? 11
Science and Pseudoscience 20
Why Astrology Is a Pseudoscience 27
Creation-Science Is Not Science 38
Commentary: Science at the Bar - Causes for Concern 48
Response to the Commentary: Pro Judice 54
The Nature and Necessity of Scientific Revolutions 86
Objectivity, Value Judgment, and Theory Choice 102
Rationality and Paradigm Change in Science 119
Dissecting the Holist Picture of Scientific Change 139
Values and Objectivity 170
Gender and the Biological Sciences 192
Physical Theory and Experiment 257
Two Dogmas of Empiricism 280
The Duhem Thesis and the Quine Thesis 302
Demystifying Underdetermination 320
Induction 412
The Problem of Induction 426
Rational Prediction 433
Criteria of Confirmation and Acceptability 445
Is Evidence Historical? 460
Explanation v. Prediction: Which Carries More Weight? 481
Rationality and Objectivity in Science or Tom Kuhn Meets Tom Bayes 551
Why I Am Not a Bayesian 584
Wittgensteinian Bayesianism 607
The Value of Laws: Explanation and Prediction 678
Two Basic Types of Scientific Explanation 685
The Thesis of Structural Identity 695
Inductive-Statistical Explanation 706
Arguments, Laws, and Explanation 720
A Deductive-Nomological Model of Probabilistic Explanation 746
What Is a Law of Nature? 808
Laws of Nature 826
Necessities and Universals in Natural Laws 846
Do the Laws of Physics State the Facts? 865
Issues in the Logic of Reductive Explanations 905
How to Be a Good Empiricist - A Plea for Tolerance in Matters Epistemological 922
Two Concepts of Intertheoretic Reduction 950
1953 and All That: A Tale of Two Sciences 971
The Ontological Status of Theoretical Entities 1052
Arguments Concerning Scientific Realism 1064
Realism versus Constructive Empiricism 1088
A Confutation of Convergent Realism 1114
Explaining the Success of Science 1136
Experimentation and Scientific Realism 1153
Hacking's Experimental Realism 1169
The Natural Ontological Attitude 1186
NOA's Ark - Fine for Realism 1209
Glossary 1291
Bibliography 1311
Permissions Acknowledgments 1331
Name Index 1335
Subject Index 1349
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