Philosophy, Philology, and Politics in Eighteenth-Century China: Li Fu and the Lu-Wang School under the Ch'ing

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The Western Scientific Gaze and Popular Imagery in Later Edo Japan: The Lens within the Heart is the first full-length study to consider the introduction of Western technology into Japan in the eighteenth century, when, it has been assumed, that country continued to isolate itself from external influence. Timon Screech demonstrates that exposure to such Western equipment as lenses, mirrors, and glass had a profound impact on Japanese notions regarding the faculty of sight. The enormity of this paradigm shift was moreover, felt less in the area of Japanese scientific inquiry than in art and popular culture, where these devices were often depicted and used metaphorically, as commentary on prevailing social norms. Based on archival sources here published for the first time in any language, this study also sheds new light on Japanese art and its relation to the West; the relationship of science to art and popular culture; and the autonomy and/or internationalization of Japanese culture.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This book is a pioneering work on its subject.....What Chin-shing Huang has achieved is a lucid, amazingly well-researched, and well-organized book....The book is worth reading by both specialist and nonspecialist." China Review International

"Chin-shing Huang is to be commended for his delivery to the scholarly world of the first book-length study of Li Fu....This well thought out....This book is a pioneering work on its subject since there is no existing study which so meticulously examines Li Fu as a philosopher. Obviously Huang is well qualified to carry out this study. Despite the complexity of the subject, he analyzes everything with clarity and an understanding of its relevance. A careful observer, he is able to grasp firmly the many issues involving the two Neo-Confucian Schools....the author has taken a risk in dealing with such a profound and difficult subject, but the risk has been well worthwhile. What Chin-shing Huang has achieved is a lucid, amazingly well-researched and well organized book....The book is worth reading by both specialists and nonspecialists." Pei Huang, China Review International

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Product Details

Table of Contents

List of Plates and Figures
Introduction 1
1 Trade and Culture in the Eighteenth Century 6
2 The "Batavian Temperament" and Its Critics 31
3 Mechanics and Motions 61
4 Machinery for Pictures 94
5 Seeing In 133
6 The Eye and the Lens 166
7 The View from On High 212
Notes 254
Glossary 288
References 290
Index 300
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