Phonemic Awareness In Young Children

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Overview

Phonemic Awareness in Young Children complements any prereading program. From simple listening games to more advanced exercises in rhyming, alliteration, and segmentation, this best-selling curriculum helps boost young learners' preliteracy skills in just 15-20 minutes a day. Specifically targeting phonemic awareness - now known to be an important step to a child's early reading acquisition - this research-based program helps young children learn to distinguish individual sounds that make up words and affect ...
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Overview

Phonemic Awareness in Young Children complements any prereading program. From simple listening games to more advanced exercises in rhyming, alliteration, and segmentation, this best-selling curriculum helps boost young learners' preliteracy skills in just 15-20 minutes a day. Specifically targeting phonemic awareness - now known to be an important step to a child's early reading acquisition - this research-based program helps young children learn to distinguish individual sounds that make up words and affect their meanings. With a developmental sequence of activities that follows a school year calendar, teachers can chose from a range of activities for their preschool, kindergarten, and first-grade classrooms. Plus, the curriculum includes an easy-to-use assessment test for screening up to 15 children at a time. This assessment not only helps to objectively estimate the general skill level of the class and identify children who may need additional testing but may also be repeated every 1-2 months to monitor progress. All children benefit because the curriculum accommodates individualized learning and teaching styles.

Teaching objectives, lesson plans & sample scripts, activity adaptations, troubleshooting guidelines, further assessment.

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Editorial Reviews

Utah State Textbook Commission Evaluation
"The directions are easy to understand and the lessons follow a developmental sequence beginning with the easiest and most basic activities. . . . This book could be used with any reading program. . . . The games are user-friendly and do not require a large amount of preparation time. . . . Excellent resource book."
Teaching Exceptional Children
Listed as resource Resources: Examples of Phonological Awareness Programs Using Effective Scaffolding
Rondo Early Childhood Special Education, St. Paul Public Schools - Linda Kennedy
The literacy topic is very important. The book (Phonemic Awareness in Young Children) looks like it has some very useable and fun activities. The speaker was clearly very well informed and up-to-date. She had a pleasant style and demeanor.
Anonymous
The activities at the end were fun.
Joseph K. Torgesen
"This is the curriculum in phonemic awareness that many teachers have been waiting for."
American Educator
"This curriculum is an example of what we desperately need more of: research-based theory translated into field-tested materials that teachers can confidently and successfully use in the classroom."
Academic Language Therapist, Hattiesburg, Mississippi - Cena Holifield
"[The] activities reinforce the phonological awareness skills that are crucial for young children to develop the foundation required for becoming a successful reader."
Charles C. Wills

"Very user friendly. The activities serve as a bridge between enjoyment and needed fluency development of the basic phonemes. I recommend this text."
Wisconsin Bookwatch
"Highly recommended."
Australian Journal of Learning DIsabilities
"This book is ideal for schools who have a pre-prep grade or who have an intervention program for prep children at risk or a number of ESL students…Strongly recommended."
Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiologyvolume 22
"Useful for students who are developing normally and who can acquire the targeted skills through exposure."
From the Publisher

"The directions are easy to understand and the lessons follow a developmental sequence beginning with the easiest and most basic activities. . . . This book could be used with any reading program. . . . The games are user-friendly and do not require a large amount of preparation time. . . . Excellent resource book."
Booknews
The authors describe activities for teaching phonemic awareness in kindergarten and the first grade and offer for each set of activities a rationale that addresses issues related to linguistics and literacy development. The program is an adaptation of one developed by Ingvar Lundberg, J. Frost, and O.P. Peterson in Sweden and Denmark. The authors include materials for assessing students' phonological awareness. Spiral wire binding. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781557663214
  • Publisher: Brookes, Paul H. Publishing Company
  • Publication date: 1/1/2001
  • Format: Spiral Bound
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 180
  • Sales rank: 113,722
  • Product dimensions: 8.70 (w) x 11.10 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Marilyn Jager Adams, Ph.D., is a cognitive and developmental psychologist who has devoted her career to research and applied work in the area of cognition and education. Dr. Adams's scholarly contributions include the book Beginning to Read: Thinking and Learning About Print (MIT Press, 1994). Among honors, she has received the American Educational Research Association's Sylvia Scribner Award and The International Dyslexia Association's Samuel Torrey Orton Award.

Dr. Adams chaired the planning committee for the National Academy of Sciences (1998) report Preventing Reading Difficulties in Young Children and has served since 1992 on the planning or steering committees for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in reading. She also developed a vocabulary assessment for the 2014 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) and was on the development team for the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy.

Dr. Adams has authored a number of empirically validated classroom resources, including Odyssey: A Curriculum for Thinking (Charlesbridge Publishing, 1986), which was originally developed for barrio students in Venezuela; Phonemic Awareness in Young Children: A Classroom Curriculum (Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., 1998) on language and literacy basics for emergent readers and students with special needs; Open Court's 1995 edition of Collection for Young Scholars, a program for reading, writing, and literacy development for elementary school students; and Scholastic's System 44 (2009) and iRead (2013), technology-based programs for building literacy foundations. She has also served on the advisory board for several of the Public Broadcasting System's educational programs including Sesame Street and Between the Lions, for which she was Senior Literacy Advisor.

Dr. Adams spent most of her career with the think tank Bolt Beranek & Newman (BBN Technologies-"Where Wizards Stay up Late") in Cambridge, Massachusetts. From 2000 to 2007, she was Chief Scientist at Soliloquy Learning, which she cofounded with the goal of harnessing automatic speech recognition for helping students learn to read and read to learn. She is currently a visiting scholar in the Cognitive, Linguistic, and Psychological Sciences Department at Brown University. She has two children: John, who is working toward a Ph.D. in social psychology, and Jocie, who is striving to be a musician. Her husband, Milton, is a rocket scientist at Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Charles Stark Draper Labs.

Terri Beeler, Ed.D., has more than 20 years of experience in education, in both teaching and administration. Dr. Beeler is Assistant Professor in the Department of Urban Education at the University of Houston's downtown campus. Within the responsibilities of that position, she is one of the coordinators of a totally field-based teacher education program, which allows her to work with both preservice and in-service teachers and also continue to be in classrooms with children. In addition, she does a great deal of staff development and consultant work in the area of early literacy development, specifically phonemic awareness and guided reading. She is also a co-editor of the State of Reading, the journal of the Texas State Reading Association, and author of I Can Read, I can Write: Creating a Print-Rich Environment (Creative Teaching Press, 1993).

Barbara R. Foorman, Ph.D., earned her doctorate at the University of California-Berkeley. She is Professor of Pediatrics and Director of the Center for Academic and Reading Skills at the University of Texas-Houston Medical School and Principal Investigator of the grant funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), Early Interventions for Children with Reading Problems. In addition to many chapters and journal articles on topics related to language and reading development, she is the editor of Reading

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Read an Excerpt

Excerpted from chapter 1 of Phonemic Awareness in Young Children: A Classroom Curriculum, by Marilyn Jager Adams, Ph.D., Barbara R. Foorman, Ph.D., Ingvar Lundberg, Ph.D., & Terri Beeler, Ed.D.

Copyright © 1998 by Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.

The Nature and Importance of Phonemic Awareness

Before children can make any sense of the alphabetic principle, they must understand that those sounds that are paired with the letters are one and the same as the sounds of speech. For those of us who already know how to read and write, this realization seems very basic, almost transparent. Nevertheless, research shows that the very notion that spoken language is made up of sequences of these little sounds does not come naturally or easily to human beings.

The small units of speech that correspond to letters of an alphabetic writing system are called phonemes. Thus, the awareness that language is composed of these small sounds is termed phonemic awareness. Research indicates that, without direct instructional support, phonemic awareness eludes roughly 25% of middle-class first graders and substantially more of those who come from less literacy-rich backgrounds. Furthermore, these children evidence serious difficulty in learning to read and write (see Adams, 1990, for a review).

Why is awareness of phonemes so difficult? The problem, in large measure, is that people do not attend to the sounds of phonemes as they produce or listen to speech. Instead, they process the phonemes automatically, directing their active attention to the meaning and force of the utterance as a whole. The challenge, therefore, is to find ways to get children to notice the phonemes, to discover their existence and separability. Fortunately, many of the activities involving rhyme, rhytmn, listening, and sounds that have long been enjoyed with preschool-age children are ideally suited for this purpose. In fact, with this goal in mind, all such activities can be used effectively toward helping children to develop phonemic awareness.

The purpose of this book is to provide concrete activities that stimulate the development of phonemic awareness in the preschool or elementary classroom. It is based on a program orginally developed and validated by Lundberg, Frost, and Petersen (1988) in Sweden and Denmark. After translating and adapting it for U.S. classrooms, we field-tested it with kindergarten students and teachers in two schools receiving Title I funds. We, too, found that kindergartners developed the ability to analyze words into sounds significantly more quickly than kindergartners who did not have this program (Foorman, Francis, Beeler, & Fletcher, 1997). This ability to analyze words into sounds is exactly the skill that promotes sucessful reading in first grade (Wagner, Torgesen, & Rashotte, 1994).

About the Structure of Language

In order to build phonemic awareness in all children, classroom teachers should know a little about the structure of language, especially phonology. Phonology is the study of the unconscious rules governing speech-sound production. In contrast, phonetics is the study of the way in which speech sounds are articulated, and phonics is the system by which symbols represent sounds in an alphabetic writing system.

Phonological rules constrain speech-sound production for biological and environmental reasons. Biological constraints are due to the limitations of human articulatory-motor production. For example, humans are not able to produce the high-frequency vocalizations of whales. Other constraints on our ability to produce speech have to do with the way our brains classify and perceive the minimal units of sound that make a difference to meaning — t

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Table of Contents


  1. The Nature and Importance of Phonemic Awareness
    What Research Says About Phonemic Awareness
    About the Structure of Language
    Phonemic Awareness in Young Children: A Classroom Curriculum
    --Notes to the Special Education Teacher
    --The Structure of the Program
  2. The Language Games
    About the Use of the Language Games
    Overview of the Program
    Brief Description of the Games in Practice
  3. Listening Games
    1. Listening to Sounds
    2. Listening to Sequences of Sounds
    3. Jacob, Where Are You?
    4. Hiding the Alarm Clock
    5. Who Says What?
    6. Whisper Your Name
    7. Nonsense
    8. Whispering Game
    9. Do You Remember?
  4. Rhyming
    1. Poetry, Songs, and Jingles
    2. Rhyme Stories
    3. Emphasizing Rhyme Through Movement
    4. Word Rhyming
    5. Can You Rhyme?
    6. The Ship is Loaded With
    7. Action Rhymes
    8. Rhyme Book
  5. Words and Sentences
    1. Introducing the Idea of Sentences
    2. Introducing the Idea of a Word
    3. Hearing Words in Sentences
    4. Exercises with Short and Long Words
    5. Words in Context and Out
  6. Awareness of Syllables
    1. Clapping Names
    2. Take One Thing from the Box
    3. The King's/Queen's Successor
    4. Listening First, Looking After
    5. Troll Talk I: Syllables
  7. Initial and Final Sounds
    1. Guess Who
    2. Different Words, Same Initial Phoneme
    3. Finding Things: Initial Phonemes
    4. I'm Thinking of Something
    5. Word Pairs I: Take a Sound Away (Analysis)
    6. Word Pairs II: Add a Sound (Synthesis)
    7. Different Words, Same Final Phoneme
    8. Finding Things: Final Phonemes
    9. Spider's Web

    10. --With Word Pair I
      --With Word Pair II
  8. Phonemes
    1. Two-Sound Words
    2. Basic Three-Sound Words
      --Analysis to Synthesis
      --Synthesis to Analysis
      --Analysis and Synthesis
    3. Consonant Blends: Adding and Subtracting Initial Sounds
      --Analysis to Synthesis
      --Synthesis to Analysis
      --Analysis and Synthesis
    4. Consonant Blends: Inserting and Removing Internal Sounds
      --Analysis to Synthesis
      --Synthesis to Analysis
      --Analysis and Synthesis
    5. Building Four-Sound Words
    6. Guess a Word
    7. Troll Talk II: Phonemes
  9. Introducing Letters and Spellings
    1. Guess Who: Introducing Sounds and Letters
    2. Picture Names: Initial Sounds and Letters
    3. I'm Thinking of Something: Initial Sounds and Letters
    4. Picture Names: Final Sounds and Letters
    5. Picture Search: Initial or Final Consonants
    6. Introduction to How Words are Spelled: Add a Letter
    7. Swap a Letter
    8. Sounding Words
  10. Assessing Phonological Awareness
    The Assessment Test
    Materials
    The Testing Procedure
    Detecting Rhymes
    --Description
    --Administration
    --Scoring
    Counting Syllables
    --Description
    --Administration
    --Scoring
    Matching Initial Sounds
    --Description
    --Administration
    --Scoring
    Counting Phonemes
    --Description
    --Administration
    --Scoring
    Comparing Word Lengths
    --Description
    --Administration
    --Scoring
    Representing Phonemes with Letter
    --Description
    --Administration
    --Scoring
    Interpreting the Results
Appendix A: Phonetic Symbols and Classifications of American English Consonants and Vowels
Appendix B: Suggested Kindergarten Schedule
Appendix C: Suggested First-Grade Schedule
Appendix D: Accompanying Materials and Resources
Appendix E: Ad
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  • Posted July 23, 2011

    Every Pre-K, Kindergarten, and First Grade teacher should have this book.

    As a Kindergarten teacher, I have collected many texts that focus on building phonemic awareness, but year after year, this is the one resource I always come back to.
    This book offers a slew of ideas/activities that will help build students' phonemic awareness. The book is broken down according to the different aspects of PA, with a bunch of activities for each. They offer a schedule for how to roll out the program that you can use to guide you, or you can pull activities as you see fit. My students have always enjoyed the activities/lessons I've utilized from this book. It is truly an investment that will undoubtedly pay off.

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