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The book is a brief, practical guide for teachers who want or have to teach phonics. Phonological awareness and phonics are integrated so that the foundation of phonological awareness prepares students for phonics and makes both areas reciprocal. In work with struggling readers, Dr. Gunning developed a system to build on what students know and teach them to analyze words independently. He also found that students need a lot of practice to become effective readers. Phonological Awareness and Primary Phonics is a practical resource manual designed to provide step by step suggestions for assessing and instructing students in grades K-2 in phonological or phonemic awareness and phonics skills and strategies. This book provides an overview of phonological awareness and phonics, but goes far beyond that to present virtually everything a teacher might need in order to implement a high-quality, effective word analysis program. For pre-service and in-service teachers of elementary reading methods, elementary language arts and reading diagnosis/assessment and correction.
A Reciprocal Relationship.
Phonological Awareness and Cognitive Development.
Stages of Phonological Knowledge.
Phonological Awareness as Part of a Language Program.
Assessing Phonological Awareness.
Instructional Program for Phonological Awareness.
How Words Are Read.
Stages of Literacy.
The Content of Phonics.
Guidelines for Teaching Phonics.
3.Phonemic Awareness and Beginning Consonant Correspondences.
Sample Lesson 3.1: Consonant Awareness.
Sample Lesson 3.2: Shared Reading.
The Role of Invented Spelling.
Using Children's Books.
Using Games and Play Rhymes.
Resources for Teaching Consonant Correspondences.
Sample Lesson 3.3: Consonant Clusters.
Books that Reinforce Consonant Clusters.
Resources for Teaching Consonant Clusters.
4.Teaching Vowel Patterns.
Sample Lesson 4.1: Vowel Patterns.
Additional High-Payoff Reinforcement Activities.
Using a Sound-by-Sound Approach.
Using Word Analysis References.
Assessing Ability to Read Vowel Patterns.
Vowel Pattern Resources.
5.Organizing and Implementing a Program for Building Phonological Awareness and Phonics Skills and Strategies.
As an Intervention Program.
Parental and Community Involvement.
Ample Opportunity to Read and Write.
Checklist for Evaluating Your Literacy Program.
Appendix A: Reinforcement Rhymes and Songs.
Appendix B: Fold-and-Read Books.