Photo-oxidants, Acidification and Tools: Policy Applications of EUROTRAC Results: The Report of the EUROTRAC Application Project / Edition 1

Photo-oxidants, Acidification and Tools: Policy Applications of EUROTRAC Results: The Report of the EUROTRAC Application Project / Edition 1

by Peter Borrell
     
 

ISBN-10: 3540617833

ISBN-13: 9783540617839

Pub. Date: 01/16/1997

Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

This volume presents the results and conclusions of the Application Project of EUROTRAC about the state of the troposphere over Europe, drawing from the plethora of scientific results. The various findings and recommendations on local, regional and global scales illustrate the complexities of the situation and indicate the subsequent difficulties which face

Overview

This volume presents the results and conclusions of the Application Project of EUROTRAC about the state of the troposphere over Europe, drawing from the plethora of scientific results. The various findings and recommendations on local, regional and global scales illustrate the complexities of the situation and indicate the subsequent difficulties which face environmental policy makers seeking to find ways to abate pollution on a regional scale. The book is recommended first for the scientific and policy-related information which it contains. In addition, the book is an excellent illustration of how the scientific programme can be evaluated in order to draw conclusions which are useful in policy development.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9783540617839
Publisher:
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date:
01/16/1997
Series:
Transport and Chemical Transformation of Pollutants in the Troposphere Series, #10
Edition description:
1997
Pages:
216
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.36(d)

Table of Contents

1 Executive Summary.- 2 Environmental Problems, Policies and EUROTRAC.- 2.1 The Atmosphere as a Recipient and Transport Medium for Pollutants.- 2.2 Environmental Problems.- 2.2.1 Environmental problems covered by EUROTRAC.- 2.2.2 Phohemical oxidant effects.- 2.2.3 Acidification and eutrophication.- 2.2.4 Links to global effects.- 2.3 Policies.- 2.3.1 Policies used to combat regional air pollution.- 2.3.2 Policies used to combat global problems.- 2.4 EUROTRAC and its Application Project.- 2.4.1 EUROTRAC: the successful scientific programme.- 2.4.2 The Application Project (AP).- 2.4.3 The organisation of the Application Project report.- 2.5 Acknowledgements.- 2.6 References.- 3 Photo-oxidants.- 3.1 Environmental Policy Issues Related to Photo-oxidants.- 3.2 Scientific Findings of Importance for Environmental Policy.- 3.2.1 Trends in photo-oxidant concentrations.- 3.2.2 Emissions.- 3.2.3 Processes influencing the concentration of photo-oxidants.- 3.2.4 Local and urban photo-oxidants.- 3.2.5 Regional or continental photo-oxidants.- 3.2.6 Photo-oxidants on a global scale.- 3.3 Applications and Importance for Environmental Policy, Potential for Applications.- 3.3.1 Local and urban photo-oxidants.- 3.3.2 Regional or continental photo-oxidants.- 3.3.3 Photo-oxidants on the global scale.- 3.4 References.- 4 Acidification and Deposition of Nutrients.- 4.1 Environmental policy issues related to acidic deposition and deposition of nutrients.- 4.2 Scientific Assessment - Issues and Highlights.- 4.2.1 Emissions.- 4.2.2 Atmospheric processes.- 4.2.3 Non-linearities in source-receptor relationships.- 4.2.4 Deposition.- 4.3 Applications and Implications for Policies.- 4.3.1 Quantification of emissions.- 4.3.2 Cloud chemistry.- 4.3.3 Atmospheric deposition.- 4.3.4 The development and application of source-receptor models for policy.- 4.3.5 The influence of sulphate aerosols on the radiation balance.- 4.4 Conclusions. Future Potential for Applications.- 4.4.1 Gaps in knowledge - uncertainties.- 4.4.2 Needs for improvements of application models etc.- 4.5 References.- 5 Contribution of EUROTRAC to the Development of Tools for the Study of Environmentally Relevant Trace Constituents.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.1.1 Instruments.- 5.1.2 Laboratory studies.- 5.1.3 Models.- 5.1.4 Further tools.- 5.2 Instruments.- 5.2.1 Instrument development within EUROTRAC.- 5.2.2 Instrument subprojects within EUROTRAC.- 5.2.3 Instrument development in the experimental subprojects.- 5.2.4 Some reflections on instrument development within EUROTRAC.- 5.2.5 Conclusions and recommendations.- 5.3 Laboratory Studies.- 5.3.1 Laboratory studies and their scope.- 5.3.2 Some highlights of the scientific advances 1 concerned with photo-oxidants.- 5.3.3 Some highlights of the scientific advances concerned with heterogeneous chemistry.- 5.3.4 Incorporation of laboratory results into simulation model.- 5.3.5 Development of laboratory techniques within the programmes.- 5.3.6 Needs for the future.- 5.4 Models.- 5.4.1 Introduction.- 5.4.2 Regional simulation models.- 5.4.3 Urban simulation models.- 5.4.4 Simulation models on a global scale.- 5.4.5 Validation of simulation models.- 5.4.6 Process-oriented models.- 5.4.7 Conclusions and recommendations for future applications.- 5.5 Other Tools.- 5.5.1 Databases from field experiments.- 5.5.2 Emission and land-use databases.- 5.5.3 Monitoring networks.- 5.5.4 Hidden tools.- 5.5.5 A network of scientists.- 5.6 References.- Appendices.- A. The Application Project Description.- B. The EUROTRAC subprojects with their aims.

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >