PhotoSpeak: A Guide to the Ideas, Movements, and Techniques of Photography, 1839 to the Present

Overview

PhotoSpeak is the first reference to provide satisfying, easily accessible information not only about the diverse techniques that have been explored since photography was invented more than 150 years ago but also about the ideas and the influences that have been central to those making and interpreting photographs. The complexities of photographic techniques from the calotype to the photogram to digital imaging are explained in clear, straightforward language, indicating how the processes work and how they shape ...
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Overview

PhotoSpeak is the first reference to provide satisfying, easily accessible information not only about the diverse techniques that have been explored since photography was invented more than 150 years ago but also about the ideas and the influences that have been central to those making and interpreting photographs. The complexities of photographic techniques from the calotype to the photogram to digital imaging are explained in clear, straightforward language, indicating how the processes work and how they shape the appearance of the resulting image. The international styles and movements within photography, from Pictorialism to postmodernism, are described using the same effective who-when-where-what format that has made the other volumes in this series (AntiqueSpeak, ArtSpeak, and ArtSpoke) so useful. Photography's many distinctive contributions to various subjects such as art, fashion, science, and travel are intelligently explored. And the aesthetic concepts and critical terms that have been used to explain (and occasionally obscure) photography over the last century and a half are demystified.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
An illustrated, conveniently small encyclopedia of the history, movements, aesthetics, and processes of photography. Entries describe new and old technologies, explain styles and movements around the world, and investigate the role that certain subjects, applications, and approaches have played in photography, such as advertising, fashion, photojournalism, and war. Some entries address issues related to the interpretation, acquisition, and display of photography. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780789200686
  • Publisher: Abbeville Press, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 4/28/1998
  • Edition description: 1 ED
  • Pages: 215
  • Sales rank: 1,215,377
  • Product dimensions: 6.04 (w) x 9.02 (h) x 0.68 (d)

Read an Excerpt

Introduction: A USER'S MANUAL

Photography has become a familiar part of daily life, yet many of us remain unfamiliar with numerous aspects of its complex history, aesthetics, and processes. The primary purpose of this compact guide is to distill into user-friendly entries the most essential information about photography while at the same time revealing new facets of its richly eclectic history.

Some entries offer precise descriptions of techniques both old and new, from daguerreotype and platinum print to digital imaging; these will be of particular usefulness to collectors. Some entries are devoted to the diverse styles and movements that have punctuated the history of photography, including Photo-Secession, New York School, and Nueva Lente. Some entries investigate the role that certain subjects, applications, and approaches have played in photography, such as advertising, fashion, metaphor, photojournalism, and war. And, finally, several entries—collections, gallery, photo agencies, semiology, and so on—address issues related to the interpretation, acquisition, and display of photography.

The entries dealing with movements are divided into the journalistic categories of WHO, WHEN, WHERE, and WHAT.

WHO is a list of the principal photographers involved with a movement or style. Capitalized names indicate the pioneers or virtuosos of that approach. Certain individuals appear in multiple entries; this is the case for the powerful Alfred Stieglitz, for example, who loomed large in the Photo-Secession, Pictorialism, and straight photography. Dates and nationalities for the photographers are provided in the index.

WHEN signifies the moment of greatestvitality for a particular attitude toward, or method of, photography. Straight photography, for example, did not disappear at the end of the 1960s, but by then its significance had greatly diminished.

WHERE identifies the cities, countries, or continents in which a movement was centered.

WHAT defines the nature, origins, and implications of the movement, style, and technique. Cross-references to other entries are capitalized.

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Table of Contents

Photochart

Introduction: A User's Manual

Color Plates

Timeline

Abstraction

Advertising Photography

Aerial Photography

Album

Albumen Print

Ambrotype

Anonymous Photography

Appropriation

Architecture and Photography

Art and Photography

Autochrome

Bauhaus

Blurring

The Body

Calotype (Talbotype)

Camera

Camera Obscura/Camera Lucida

Carbon Process

Carte-de-Visite

(Chronophotography—see Movement and Photography)

The City and Photography

Clarence H. White School of Photography

Clarity

Cliche Verre

Collage

Collections

Collodion Processes

Color

Conservation

Contact Print/Contact Sheet

Criticism and Photography

(Cropping—see Frame)

Daguerreotype

Decisive Moment

Development

Digital Imaging

Direct Processes

(Directorial Photography—see Staged Photography)

Documentary Photography

Double Exposure

Dye-Transfer Process

Emulsion

Enlargement

Equivalents

Farm Security Administration (FSA)

Fashion Photography

(Ferrotype—see Tintype)

Film

Film und Foto

(Fixing—see Development)

Format

Frame

Futurism and Photography

Gallery

Gelatin Silver Process

Graffiti

Group F/64

Gum Bichromate Process

Histories of Photography

Humanist Photography

Installation and Photography

Japonisme

Judicial Photography

Landscape Photography

Latent Image

Lens

Light

Literature and Photography

Luminism

Manipulation

Metaphor

Modernism and Photography

(Montage—see Photomontage)

Movement and Photography

Naturalistic Photography

Negative-Positive Process

Neue Sachlichkeit

(NewBauhaus—see Bauhaus)

(New Color Photography—see Luminism)

(New Objectivity—see Neue Sachlichkeit)

(New Photography—see Neue Sachlichkeit)

New Topographics

New Vision

New York School

Nueva Lente

Objects and Photography

Optical Distortion

(Overprinting—see Double Exposure)

(Palladium Print—see Platinum Print)

Panoramic Photography

Photo Agencies

Photo-Essay

Photogenic Drawing

Photogram

Photographic Act

Photographic Paper

Photography Industry

Photojournalism

Photo League

Photomacrography/Photomicrography

Photomontage

Photo-Realism

Photo-Secession

Pictorialism

Pinhole Camera

Platinum Print

Polaroid

Pop Art and Photography

Portraiture

Postmodernism

Prints

Publishing and Photography

(Rayogram—see Photogram)

Reproductive Processes

(Sabattier Effect—see Solarization)

Salt-Paper Process

(Schadograph—see Photogram)

Scientific Photography

Sculpture and Photography

Selection

Self-Portrait

Semiology

Sensitized Surface

Serial Photography

Snapshot/Instantaneity

Solarization

Staged Photography

(Stereograph—see Three-Dimensional Photography)

Straight Photography

Street Photography

Subjektive Fotografie

Surrealism

Symbolism

Three-Dimensional Photography

Tintype

Toning

Travel Photography

Vortograph

War Photography

Women and Photography

Woodburytype

Index

Author Biography: Gilles Mora, who lives in France, has written several photographic books and monographs, including those on Walker Evans and Edward Weston. Previously the editor-in-chief of Cahiers de Photographie, a preeminent journal of photography, he now oversees the photographic program for the book publisher Editions de Seuil. In his spare time, he performs with his rockabilly band, the Frantic Rollers.

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Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Posted October 27, 2011

    more from this reviewer

    Good Read for the Photographer.

    If your the photographer who is interested in more than the technical. The this is a great book for getting your feet wet with the terms and the movements of photography.

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