Physical Acoustics And Metrology Of Fluids

Physical Acoustics And Metrology Of Fluids

by Martin Trusler
     
 

ISBN-10: 0750301139

ISBN-13: 9780750301138

Pub. Date: 09/05/2000

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

The interaction of sound waves with the medium through which they pass can be used to investigate the thermophysical properties of that medium. With the advent of modern instrumentation, it is now possible to determine the speed and absorption of sound with extremely high precision and, through the dependence of those quantities on variables like temperature,

Overview

The interaction of sound waves with the medium through which they pass can be used to investigate the thermophysical properties of that medium. With the advent of modern instrumentation, it is now possible to determine the speed and absorption of sound with extremely high precision and, through the dependence of those quantities on variables like temperature, pressure, and frequency to gain a sensitive measure of one or more properties of fluid. This has led to renewed interest in such measurements and in the extraction of thermophysical properties of gases and liquids there from.

Physical Acoustics and Metrology of Fluids describes both how to design experiments to achieve the highest possible accuracy and how to relate the quantities measured in those experiments to the thermophysical properties of the medium. A thorough theoretical examination of the alternative experimental methods available is designed to guide the experimentalist toward better and more accurate methods. This theoretical analysis is enhanced and complemented by an in-depth discussion of practical experimental techniques and the problems inherent within them. Bringing together the fields of thermodynamics, kinetic theory, fluid mechanics, and theoretical acoustics, plus a wealth of information about practical instruments, this book represents an essential reference on the design and execution of valuable experiments in fluid metrology and physical acoustics.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780750301138
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
09/05/2000
Series:
Series in Measurement Science and Technology Series
Pages:
268
Product dimensions:
6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

FLUID PROPERTIES FROM THE SPEED AND ABSORPTION OF SOUND
Introduction
Thermodynamic properties from the speed of sound
Kinetic information from the speed and absorption of sound
Transport properties from sound absorption at a surface

FUNDAMENTAL THEORY
Introduction
Propagation in an idealized fluid
Propagation in a dissipative fluid
Boundary conditions

CAVITIES
Introduction
The normal modes of an acoustic cavity
Forced oscillations
Boundary conditions
The parallelepiped
The cylindrical cavity
The spherical enclosure
The high frequency interferometer

RELAXATION PHENOMENA
Introduction
Translational relaxation
Molecular thermal relaxation
Chemical and structural relaxation

GENERATION AND DETECTION OF SOUND
Introduction
Radiation from point and piston sources
Vibrating elements
The piezoelectric effect
Capacitance transducers
Moving-coil transducers
Photoacoustic excitation
Waveguides

EXPERIMENTAL METHODS 1: STEADY-STATE TECHNIQUES
Introduction
The single-transducer interferometer
The double-transducer interferometer
Spherical resonators
Cylindrical resonators
Numerical methods
Choice of methods

EXPERIMENTAL METHODS 2: TRANSIENT TECHNIQUES
Introduction
Pulse methods
Reverberation methods

APPENDICES

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