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Physical Activity and Health / Edition 1
     

Physical Activity and Health / Edition 1

by Claude Bouchard
 

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ISBN-10: 0736050922

ISBN-13: 2900736050929

Pub. Date: 09/13/2006

Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers

Sedentary habits have been identified as a major public health problem in many countries. The timely Physical Activity and Health addresses an unmet need by providing a comprehensive treatment of the relationship between physical activity and health outcomes.

Physical Activity and Health is the first textbook to bring together the results of

Overview

Sedentary habits have been identified as a major public health problem in many countries. The timely Physical Activity and Health addresses an unmet need by providing a comprehensive treatment of the relationship between physical activity and health outcomes.

Physical Activity and Health is the first textbook to bring together the results of the most important studies in this rapidly changing field and offers a detailed yet concise and clear presentation of key concepts. The text provides a conceptual framework to help readers relate results from single studies or collections of studies to the overall paradigm linking physical activity and physical fitness to health.

Written by Claude Bouchard and other leading scientists from around the world, this richly illustrated textbook offers information unmatched in accuracy and reliability. Where other books have simply promoted physical activity for the individual or a population, this book completely integrates and examines the relationship between physical activity and health by

  • providing a history of physical activity, including how levels of physical activity have changed over time and how this has affected the overall health of society;
  • highlighting the differences in the effects of physical activity on fitness across age, gender, and ethnic groups;
  • describing how various systems of the human body respond to physical activity;
  • illustrating the relationship between physical activity and health concerns such as obesity, diabetes, cancer, and mental health;
  • offering guidance for determining the proper amount and type of exercise to be undertaken; and
  • suggesting new directions for research in this growing and changing field.
The text explains the latest advances in understanding the effects of acute and chronic participation in physical activity and reviews the relationships between regular physical activity and health outcomes, including cardiovascular morbidities, mental health, and all-cause mortality. It also focuses on the prevention of diseases, quality of life, and well-being.

The textbook offers the following features:
  • Chapter outlines that provide a user-friendly, conceptual framework
  • Key concepts, definitions, and study questions that simplify the review process
  • 179 illustrations, 54 tables, and 51 photographs that clarify the text and emphasize key concepts
Physical Activity and Health is organized into five parts. Part I defines the basic concepts, traces the history of the field, and summarizes evidence accumulated on the relationship between levels of physical activity and fitness and variations with age, between genders, and among ethnic groups. Part II describes the latest advances in understanding the effects of acute and chronic participation in physical activity. Part III reviews the relationships between regular physical activity and health outcomes—including cardiovascular morbidities, mental health, and all-cause mortality—and the levels of fitness and the same health outcomes. Part IV focuses on the “how” and deals with dose-response issues and types of exercise programs. Part V explores how advances in genetics challenge our understanding of the complex relationships between physical activity, fitness, and health. It offers a practical integration of all the issues discussed in the preceding chapters.

Some of the finest scientists in the field from the United States, Canada, Europe, and Australia collaborated on this comprehensive resource. Readers can feel confident that they are receiving the most accurate information currently available on physical activity and health in any textbook.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2900736050929
Publisher:
Human Kinetics Publishers
Publication date:
09/13/2006
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
424

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgements

Part I History and Current Status of the Study of Physical Activity and Health

Chapter 1 Why Study Physical Activity and Health?
Claude Bouchard, PhD; Steven N. Blair, PED; and William Haskell, PhD
  • Human Evolution, History, and Physical Activity
  • Burden of Chronic Diseases
  • Health and Its Determinants
  • Aging and Health
  • Defining Physical Activity and Physical Fitness
  • Physical Inactivity Versus Physical Activity
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
Chapter 2 Historical Perspectives on Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health
Russell R. Pate, PhD
  • Early Beliefs About Physical Activity and Health Scientific Inquiry on Exercise and Health
  • Evolution of Physical Activity Guidelines
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
Chapter 3 Physical Activity and Fitness with Age Among Sex and Ethnic Groups
Peter T. Katzmarzyk, PhD
  • Physical Activity
  • Physical Fitness
  • In Closing...
  • Review Materials
Part II Effects of Physical Activity on the Human Organism

Chapter 4 Metabolic, Cardiovascular, and Respiratory Responses to Physical Activity
Edward T. Howley, PhD
  • Relationship of Energy to Physical Activity
  • Oxygen Consumption and Cardiovascular and Respiratory Responses to Exercise
  • Effect of Training, Age, and Gender on Maximal Oxygen Uptake
  • Application to Exercise Training and Physical Activity Interventions
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
Chapter 5 Acute Response to Physical Activity and Exercise
Adrianne E. Hardman, MSc, PhD
  • Lipids and Lipoproteins
  • Insulin–Glucose Dynamics
  • Blood Pressure
  • Hematological Changes
  • Immune Function Responses
  • Responses Related to Energy Balance
  • Augmentation of Acute Effects by Training
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
Chapter 6 Hormonal Response to Regular Physical Activity
Peter Farrell, PhD
  • Defining Hormones
  • Importance of Hormonal Regulation
  • Regular Physical Activity and Hormonal Adaptations
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • Review Materials
Chapter 7 Skeletal Muscle Adaptation to Regular Physical Activity
Howard J. Green, PhD
  • Skeletal Muscle and Human Life
  • Muscle Cell—Composition, Structure, and Function
  • Muscle Fiber Types and Subtypes
  • Muscle Adaptation and Functional Consequences
  • Aging Muscle—The Role of Training
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
Chapter 8 Response of Brain, Liver, Kidney, and Other Organs and Tissues to Regular Physical Activity
Roy J. Shephard, MB, BS, MD (London), PhD, DPE
  • Acute Effects of Physical Activity
  • Chronic Effects of Physical Activity
  • Issues Requiring Further Research
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
Part III Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health

Chapter 9 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Mortality Rates
Steven N. Blair, PED; and Michael J. LaMonte, PhD
  • Physical Activity, Fitness, and Mortality
  • Biological Mechanisms
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • Review Materials
Chapter 10 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Cardiac, Vascular, and Pulmonary Morbidities
Ian Janssen, PhD
  • Physical Inactivity and Low Cardiorespiratory Fitness As Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Morbidities
  • Physical Inactivity and Low Cardiorespiratory Fitness As Risk Factors for Pulmonary Morbidities
  • Biological Mechanisms
  • Role of Physical Activity in Patients With Cardiac, Vascular, and Pulmonary Morbidities
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
Chapter 11 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Obesity
Robert Ross, PhD; and Ian Janssen, PhD
  • Definition and Problem of Overweight and Obesity
  • Fat Depots
  • Relationships Among Excess Weight, Physical Activity, and Fitness
  • Role of Physical Activity in Prevention and Treatment of Excess Weight
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
Chapter 12 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Diabetes Mellitus
Oscar Alcazar, PhD; Richard C. Ho, PhD; and Laurie J. Goodyear, PhD
  • Diabetes: Concept and Prevalence
  • Epidemiology, Etiology, and Complications of Type 2 Diabetes
  • Impact of Physical Activity on Insulin and Glucose Metabolism
  • Epidemiological Evidence Indicating Benefits of Physical Activity in Preventing Type 2 Diabetes
  • Summary of Randomized Controlled Trials on the Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes
  • Importance of Regular Physical Activity for People With Type 2 Diabetes
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
Chapter 13 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Cancer
I-Min Lee, MBBS, ScD
  • Importance of Cancer
  • How Physical Activity and Physical Fitness Decrease the Risk of Developing Cancer
  • How We Study Whether Physical Activity and Physical Fitness Decrease the Risk of Developing Cancer
  • Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Site-Specific Cancers
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
Chapter 14 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Joint and Bone Health
Jennifer Hootman, PhD, ATC, FACSM
  • Burden of Selected Musculoskeletal Diseases in the Population
  • Dose–Response Relationships Between Physical Activity and Injury, Osteoarthritis, and Osteoporosis
  • Physical Activity, Bone Development and Maintenance, and Preservation of Function
  • Challenges in Defining Exposure Data for Musculoskeletal Outcomes
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
Chapter 15 Physical Activity, Muscular Fitness, and Health
Neil McCartney, PhD; and Stuart Phillips, PhD
  • History of Resistance Training and Its Role in Health
  • Fundamental Aspects of Resistance Training
  • Resistance Training Throughout the Life Span
  • Resistance Training in Disease and Disability
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • Review Materials
Chapter 16 Exercise and Its Effects on Mental Health
John S. Raglin, PhD; Gregory S. Wilson, PED; and Dan Galper, PhD
  • Models of Exercise and Mental Health Research
  • Exercise and Anxiety
  • Exercise and Depression
  • Proposed Explanations for the Psychological Benefits of Exercise
  • Detrimental Psychological Responses to Exercise
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
Chapter 17 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Children
Thomas W. Rowland, MD
  • Cardiovascular Health
  • Bone Health and Osteoporosis
  • Strategies for Promoting Physical Activity in Youth
  • Conclusions
  • Review Materials
Chapter 18 Physical Activity, Fitness, and Aging
Loretta Di Pietro, PhD, MPH
  • The Aging Process
  • Methodological Considerations in Aging Research
  • Demographics of Physical Activity Among Older Adults
  • Dimensions of Physical Activity and Their Relationship to Health and Function in Aging
  • Programmatic Issues in Promoting Physical Activity in Older Populations
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
Chapter 19 Risks of Physical Activity
Evert A.L.M. Verhagen, PhD; Esther M.F. van Sluijs, PhD; and Willem van Mechelen, MD, PhD
  • Risks of Physical Activity and Sport Participation
  • Minimizing Risk and Maximizing Benefits
  • Recommendations for Future Research
  • Summary
  • Review Materials
Part IV How Much Is Required and What Are the Delivery Modes?

Chapter 20 Dose-Response Issues in Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health
William L. Haskell, PhD
  • Principles Guiding the Body’s Response to Activity
  • Components of the Physical Activity Dose
  • Factors Determining Optimal Activity Dose
  • Physical Activity Versus Fitness When Considering Dose for Health Benefits
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • Review Materials
Chapter 21 Physical Activity and Exercise Programs
Adrian Bauman, MB, BS, MPH, PhD, FAFPHM
  • What Are Physical Activity and Exercise Programs?
  • Settings for Physical Activity and Exercise Programs
  • Strengths of Structured Versus Unstructured Programs
  • Physical Activity and Exercise Programs for Subpopulations and Groups
  • Summary of the Effectiveness of Physical Activity Interventions
  • Review Materials
Part V New Challenges and Opportunities

Chapter 22 Genetic Differences in the Relationships Among Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health
Tuomo Rankinen, PhD; and Claude Bouchard, PhD
  • Basics of Human Genetics
  • Events in Human Genes and Genomes
  • Genetic Variation Among Sedentary People
  • Individual Differences in Response to Regular Exercise
  • Genes and Responses to Exercise
  • Trait-Specific Response to Exercise
  • Summary and Perspective
  • Review Materials
Chapter 23 An Integrated View of Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health
William L. Haskell, PhD; Steven N. Blair, PED; and Claude Bouchard, PhD
  • Chapter Overview
  • Physical Activity versus Inactivity: Universal Value Versus Damaging Consequences
  • Developing and Implementing Physical Activity Plans
  • Research Questions and Issues
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • Review Materials
References
Index
About the Editors
About the Contributors

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