Physical Aspects of Fracture / Edition 1by Elisabeth Bouchaud
Pub. Date: 08/31/2001
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
The main scope of this Cargese NATO Advanced Study Institute (June 5-17 2000) was to bring together a number of international experts, covering a large spectrum of the various Physical Aspects of Fracture. As a matter of fact, lecturers as well as participants were coming from various scientific communities: mechanics, physics, materials science, with the common objective of progressing towards a multi-scale description of fracture. This volume includes papers on most materials of practical interest: from concrete to ceramics through metallic alloys, glasses, polymers and composite materials. The classical fields of damage and fracture mechanisms are addressed (critical and sub-critical quasi-static crack propagation, stress corrosion, fatigue, fatigue-corrosion . . . . as well as dynamic fracture). Brittle and ductile fractures are considered and a balance has been carefully kept between experiments, simulations and theoretical models, and between the contributions of the various communities. New topics in damage and fracture mechanics - the effect of disorder and statistical aspects, dynamic fracture, friction and fracture of interfaces - were also explored. This large overview on the Physical Aspects of Fracture shows that the old barriers built between the different scales will soon "fracture". It is no more unrealistic to imagine that a crack initiated through a molecular dynamics description could be propagated at the grain level thanks to dislocation dynamics included in a crystal plasticity model, itself implemented in a finite element code. Linking what happens at the atomic scale to fracture of structures as large as a dam is the new emerging challenge.
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Russell M. Lawson is Associate Professor of History at Bacone College in Muskogee, Oklahoma. He has written numerous works in American and European history. He is editor of Research and Discovery: Landmarks and Pioneers in American Science, 3 vols. (2008). Other recent works include The Isles of Shoals in the Age of Sail: A Brief History and The Piscataqua Valley in the Age of Sail: A Brief History, both published in 2007. He was an editor and contributor to Dictionary of United States History, New England States (2005), Encyclopedia of New England Culture (2005), and The American Years: Chronologies of American History and Experience (2003).
Benjamin A. Lawson is a Graduate Instructor in American urban and social history at the University of Iowa. He has previously published entries in Research and Discovery: Landmarks and Pioneers in American Science, 3 vols. (2008) and has had original maps, drawings, and photographs published in several books. Benjamin also has a BFA in studio art and a BA in art history from Oklahoma State University.
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