Physical Aspects of Soil Water and Salts in Ecosystems

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783642655258
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 7/31/2012
  • Series: Ecological Studies Series , #4
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1973
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 484
  • Product dimensions: 6.69 (w) x 9.61 (h) x 0.97 (d)

Table of Contents

I. Water Status and Flow in Soils.- A. Water Movement in Soils.- 1. The Physics of Infiltration.- 2. Drainage of a Vertical Column.- 3. Infiltration Predictions by a Moving Strained Coordinates Method.- 4. Theory of Transport in Soils.- 5. Calculation of Vertical Moisture Flow in a Soil Body during Evaporation, Infiltration and Redistribution.- 6. Linearized Solution of Infiltration at Constant Rate.- 7. Analysis and Interpretation of Experimentally Determined Absorption Curves. I. Interpretation via D-6 Function Derived from Numerical Analysis.- 8. Analysis and Interpretation of Experimentally Determined Absorption Curves. II. Interpretation via an Equivalent Depth of Penetration and a Shape Factor.- 9. Infiltration of Water into Layered Field Soils.- 10. Infiltration of Water into Nonuniform Soils.- 11. An Analysis of Soil Water Movement toward Seedlings Prior to Emergence.- B. Energy of Soil Water and Soil-Water Interactions.- 1. The Unfrozen Interfacial Phase in Frozen Soil Water Systems.- 2. On the Energy Concept of Soil Water.- 3. The Mechanical and Physical Behaviour of Ca-Clay Soil and K-Clay Soil.- 4. Streaming-Potential Effects in Saturated Water Flow through a Sand-Kaolinite Mixture.- 5. The Influence of Clay Minerals and Exchangeable Cations on Soil Moisture Potential.- 6. The Hysteresis of Pore Water in Presence of Non-Independent Water Elements.- 7. Comparison between the Drainage Efficiency of a Leached Pseudogley Soil and a Pelosol.- 8.Correlation of Field Capacity between Open Field and Laboratory Determinations.- 9. Soil Crust Formation as Affected by Raindrop Impact.- Remarks and Discussion.- II. Evapotranspiration and Crop-Water Requirements.- A. Evaporation from Soils and Plants.- 1. Evaporation, Transpiration and Evapotranspiration: A Case for Ockham’s Razor.- 2. Evaporation from Bare Soils.- 3. Evaporation from Bare Soil in a Coastal Environment.- 4. Potential Evaporation as Influenced by Barrier-Induced Microclimate.- 5. Evaluation of Several Methods for Estimating Evapotranspiration under Semi-Arid Conditions.- 6. Dynamics of Water in the Soil-Plant Atmosphere System: A Model Named Troika.- 7. Microclimate Factors Affecting Evaporation and Transpiration.- 8. Bioclimatic Method for Scheduling Irrigation: Experiment with Maize in Vojvodina, Yugoslavia.- 9. Prediction of the Thermal Regime of Bare Soils.- B. Crop-Water Requirements.- 1. A Method of Determining, on the Farm, the Amount of Water and the Frequency of Irrigation.- 2. Measurement of Soil Moisture Deficit by Neutron Moderation under Two Densities of Sugar Beet with and without Irrigation.- 3. A Runoff-Farming Trial with Almonds in the Negev of Israel.- 4. Results from a Three-Year Experiment on the Effect of the Irrigation Regime on the Yield of Corn in Southwest Spain.- 5. Moisture Use by Irrigated Tea in Southern Malawi.- 6. Citrus Water Requirement Experiments Conducted in Israel during the 1960’s.- 7. Relation between Apple Root Distribution and Soil Water Extraction in Different Irrigation Regimes.- Remarks and Discussion.- III. Salinity Control.- 1. Ionic Activity and Ion Uptake by Plants Grown in Saline Environments.- 2. The Relationship between the Composition of the Exchange Complex and the Composition of the Soil Solution.- 3. Patterns of Salt Distribution under Trickle Irrigation.- 4. A Model for the Water and Salt Economy in Irrigated Agriculture.- 5. Response of a Citrus Orchard to Soil Moisture and Soil Salinity.- 6. Pepper Plant Response to Irrigation Water Quality and Timing of Leaching.- 7. Reclamation of Alkali Soils with CaCl2 Solutions.- 8. Evaluation of Methods for Reclaiming Sodic Soils with CaCl2.- Remarks and Discussion.
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