Physical Chemistry for the Biological Sciences / Edition 1

Hardcover (Print)
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $46.60
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 64%)
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (9) from $46.60   
  • New (3) from $87.84   
  • Used (6) from $46.59   

Overview

Gain a practical, working knowledge of the physical chemistry essential for the biological sciences

Physical Chemistry for the Biological Sciences is an excellent resource for biochemistry and biology/health science professionals and students who need a basic understanding of thermodynamics, kinetics, hydrodynamics of macromolecules, and spectroscopy in order to explore molecular structure and chemical reactions. Approachable, yet thorough, the book presents physical chemistry in conceptual terms with a minimum of mathematics. Providing the basic knowledge and tools that every biologist should have to understand the quantitative interpretation of biological phenomena, it covers:
*

Fundamentals of thermodynamics and chemical kinetics
*

Fundamentals of spectroscopy and structure determination
*

Ligand binding to macromolecules, hydrodynamics, and mass spectrometry

All techniques and concepts are clearly illustrated with relevant applications and examples from the biological sciences. Problems at the end of each chapter reinforce the principles. This is a succinct reference for practitioners, including bioorganic chemists, medicinal chemists, biochemists, pharmaceutical chemists, biologists, and professionals in fields such as pharmaceuticals, agriculture, and biotechnology. It's also an excellent textbook for graduate and upper-level undergraduate students in biochemistry, biology, and related fields.

Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
Unlike many standard textbooks, Physical Chemistry for the Biological Sciences has a fairly personable tone, almost as if the author were having a conversation with the reader. (The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, June 2007)

"The strength of this book is the juxtaposition of physical chemistry concepts and procedures with biological applications." (Quarterly Review of Biology, June 2008)

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470122020
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 4/13/2007
  • Series: Methods of Biochemical Analysis Series , #138
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 388
  • Product dimensions: 6.48 (w) x 9.63 (h) x 0.96 (d)

Meet the Author

Gordon G. Hammes, PhD, is University Distinguished Service Professor of Biochemistry at Duke University Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina. He is author of Thermodynamics and Kinetics for the Biological Sciences and Spectroscopy for the Biological Sciences (both from Wiley) and more than 225 research articles.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

PREFACE.

THERMODYNAMICS.

1. Heat, Work, and Energy.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Temperature.

1.3 Heat.

1.4 Work.

1.5 Definition of Energy.

1.6 Enthalpy.

1.7 Standard States.

1.8 Calorimetry.

1.9 Reaction Enthalpies.

1.10 Temperature Dependence of the Reaction Enthalpy.

References.

Problems.

2. Entropy and Free Energy.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Statement of the Second Law.

2.3 Calculation of the Entropy.

2.4 Third Law of Thermodynamics.

2.5 Molecular Interpretation of Entropy.

2.6 Free Energy.

2.7 Chemical Equilibria.

2.8 Pressure and Temperature Dependence of the Free Energy.

2.9 Phase Changes.

2.10 Additions to the Free Energy.

Problems.

3. Applications of Thermodynamics to Biological Systems.

3.1 Biochemical Reactions.

3.2 Metabolic Cycles.

3.3 Direct Synthesis of ATP.

3.4 Establishment of Membrane Ion Gradients by Chemical Reactions.

3.5 Protein Structure.

3.6 Protein Folding.

3.7 Nucleic Acid Structures.

3.8 DNA Melting.

3.9 RNA.

References.

Problems.

CHEMICAL KINETICS.

4. Principles of Chemical Kinetics.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Reaction Rates.

4.3 Determination of Rate Laws.

4.4 Radioactive Decay.

4.5 Reaction Mechanisms.

4.6 Temperature Dependence of Rate Constants.

4.7 Relationship between Thermodynamics and Kinetics.

4.8 Reaction Rates Near Equilibrium.

References.

Problems.

5. Applications of Kinetics to Biological Systems.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Enzyme Catalysis: The Michaelis–Menten Mechanism.

5.3 a-Chymotrypsin.

5.4 Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase.

5.5 Ribozymes.

5.6 DNA Melting and Renaturation.

References.

Problems.

SPECTROSCOPY.

6. Fundamentals of Spectroscopy.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Quantum Mechanics.

6.3 Particle in a Box.

6.4 Properties of Waves.

References.

Problems.

7. X-ray Crystallography.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Scattering of X rays by a Crystal.

7.3 Structure Determination.

7.4 Neutron Diffraction.

7.5 Nucleic Acid Structure.

7.6 Protein Structure.

7.7 Enzyme Catalysis.

References.

Problems.

8. Electronic Spectra.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Absorption Spectra.

8.3 Ultraviolet Spectra of Proteins.

8.4 Nucleic Acid Spectra.

8.5 Prosthetic Groups.

8.6 Difference Spectroscopy.

8.7 X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy.

8.8 Fluorescence and Phosphorescence.

8.9 RecBCD: Helicase Activity Monitored by Fluorescence.

8.10 Fluorescence Energy Transfer: A Molecular Ruler.

8.11 Application of Energy Transfer to Biological Systems.

8.12 Dihydrofolate Reductase.

References.

Problems.

9. Circular Dichroism, Optical Rotary Dispersion, and Fluorescence Polarization.

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Optical Rotary Dispersion.

9.3 Circular Dichroism.

9.4 Optical Rotary Dispersion and Circular Dichroism of Proteins.

9.5 Optical Rotation and Circular Dichroism of Nucleic Acids.

9.6 Small Molecule Binding to DNA.

9.7 Protein Folding.

9.8 Interaction of DNA with Zinc Finger Proteins.

9.9 Fluorescence Polarization.

9.10 Integration of HIV Genome into Host Genome.

9.11 a-ketoglutarate Dehydrogenase.

References.

Problems.

10. Vibrations in Macromolecules.

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Infrared Spectroscopy.

10.3 Raman Spectroscopy.

10.4 Structure Determination with Vibrational Spectroscopy.

10.5 Resonance Raman Spectroscopy.

10.6 Structure of Enzyme–Substrate Complexes.

References.

Problems.

11. Principles of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Electron Spin Resonance.

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 NMR Spectrometers.

11.3 Chemical Shifts.

11.4 Spin–Spin Splitting.

11.5 Relaxation Times.

11.6 Multidimensional NMR.

11.7 Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

11.8 Electron Spin Resonance.

References.

Problems.

12. Applications of Magnetic Resonance to Biology.

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 Regulation of DNA Transcription.

12.3 Protein–DNA Interactions.

12.4 Dynamics of Protein Folding.

12.5 RNA Folding.

12.6 Lactose Permease.

12.7 Conclusion.

References.

SPECIAL TOPICS.

13. Ligand Binding to Macromolecules.

13.1 Introduction.

13.2 Binding of Small Molecules to Multiple Identical Binding Sites.

13.3 Macroscopic and Microscopic Equilibrium Constants.

13.4 Statistical Effects in Ligand Binding to Macromolecules.

13.5 Experimental Determination of Ligand Binding Isotherms.

13.6 Binding of Cro Repressor Protein to DNA.

13.7 Cooperativity in Ligand Binding.

13.8 Models for Cooperativity.

13.9 Kinetic Studies of Cooperative Binding.

13.10 Allosterism.

References.

Problems.

14. Hydrodynamics of Macromolecules.

14.1 Introduction.

14.2 Frictional Coefficient.

14.3 Diffusion.

14.4 Centrifugation.

14.5 Velocity Sedimentation.

14.6 Equilibrium Centrifugation.

14.7 Preparative Centrifugation.

14.8 Density Centrifugation.

14.9 Viscosity.

14.10 Electrophoresis.

14.11 Peptide-Induced Conformational Change of a Major Histocompatibility Complex Protein.

14.12 Ultracentrifuge Analysis of Protein–DNA Interactions.

References.

Problems.

15. Mass Spectrometry.

15.1 Introduction.

15.2 Mass Analysis.

15.3 Tandem Mass Spectrometry (MS/MS).

15.4 Ion Detectors.

15.5 Ionization of the Sample.

15.6 Sample Preparation/Analysis.

15.7 Proteins and Peptides.

15.8 Protein Folding.

15.9 Other Biomolecules.

References.

Problems.

APPENDICES.

Appendix 1. Useful Constants and Conversion Factors.

Appendix 2. Structures of the Common Amino Acids at Neutral pH.

Appendix 3. Common Nucleic Acid Components.

Appendix 4. Standard Free Energies and Enthalpies of Formation at 298 K, 1 atm, pH 7, and 0.25M Ionic Strength.

Appendix 5. Standard Free Energy and Enthalpy Changes for Biochemical Reactions at 298 K, 1 atm, pH 7.0, pMg 3.0, and 0.25M Ionic Strength.

Index.

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)