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More About This Textbook
Overview
In Hecht's groundbreaking book, you'll find reallife applications, an unparalleled art and photography program, a presentation that anticipates students' questions, and an approach that emphasizes contemporary physics while interweaving historical perspectives. Hecht's coverage of classical physics is clear and insightful. He shows students how 21stcentury physics illuminates the classical topics of each chapter, adding excitement to the subject matter. Over 1,300 illustrations make it possible for students to visualize a diversity of physical phenomena. Many of these are multiframe, sequential drawings allowing students to comprehend the temporal unfolding of complex events. A selection of sketch art teaches students how to create problemsolving diagrams. This new edition of the text was designed to aggressively address the issue of problem solving for students (guided by contemporary physics education research). To this end Hecht has provided not only his approach to the fivestep problemsolving framework but also a wide range of new problems and solutions specifically designed to build student capability and confidence.
Editorial Reviews
From the Publisher
"I really enjoy the writing style of the author, and I think the students would appreciate it as well. It makes the physics seem much less formidable to have the discussion in a somewhat more colloquial tone (with a little infusion of humor) than is often done in physics texts. The human element of physics is also clearly present in this text, which is also a plus for the students.""The problems and examples are excellent. This was the first thing I turned to and immediately became engaged in this book! Hecht has the ability to create truly innovative examples where other authors are jaded and copy from each other."
"The writing style is studentfriendly and thought provoking. Students reading this text would certainly not be bored! The author's use of pictures, illustrations, historical notes, references, and sidelines is quite effective. Clearly intensive research was done for each section to make it as interesting and creative as possible. The text has such an interesting presentation to it. I appreciate the creativity employed. I want to especially thank the author for paying attention to historical context. I think the author did a FANTASTIC job of incorporating sketches, photographs, illustrations, and diagrams in the book. The diverse approach to artistic representation is very much appreciated by both student and instructor. The "side notes" that accompany each figure, sketch, drawing, and illustration is complete and to the point. Those explanations are concise and topicrelevant. The quality and quantity of figures in Hecht's book should be the envy of other College Physics texts."
From The Critics
This textbook covers the history of physics, from Newton's laws to today's quantum, nuclear, and highenergy theories. Along the way, it introduces the major aspects of contemporary physics, with chapters on kinematics, centripetal force and gravity, energy, momentum, the states of matter, elasticity and oscillations, waves and sound, the thermal properties of matter, heat and thermal energy, thermodynamics, electrostatics, direct current, circuits, magnetism, electromagnetic induction, radiant energy and light, and special relativity. A companion CDROM contains tutorial exercises. Hecht teaches at Adelphi University. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, ORProduct Details
Related Subjects
Table of Contents
1. AN INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS. Law and Theory. The Modern Perspective. Length. Mass and Weight. Time. Significant Figures. Equations. Graphs. Approximations and Checks. 2. KINEMATICS: SPEED AND VELOCITY. Average Speed. Constant Speed. Delta Notation: The Change in a Quantity. Instantaneous Speed. The Displacement Vector. Some Vector Algebra. Instantaneous Velocity. Components and Vector Addition. Velocity with respect to…. 3. KINEMATICS: ACCELERATION. Average Acceleration. Instantaneous Acceleration. Constant Acceleration. The Mean Speed. The Equations of Constant Acceleration. Air Drag. Acceleration Due to Gravity. Straight Up and Down. TwoDimensional Motion: Projectiles. 4. NEWTON'S THREE LAWS. The Law of Inertia. Force. The Second Law. Interaction: The Third Law. The Effects of Force: Newton's Laws. Weight: Gravitational Force. Coupled Motions. Friction. Equilibrium: Statics. 5. CENTRIPETAL FORCE AND GRAVITY. Centripetal Acceleration. CenterSeeking Forces. The Law of Universal Gravitation. Terrestrial Gravity. The Laws of Planetary Motion. Satellite Orbits. Effectively Weightless. The Gravitational Field. 6. ENERGY. Work. Kinetic Energy. Potential Energy. Mechanical Energy. Applying Conservation of Energy. Power. Energy Conservation and Symmetry. 7. MOMENTUM AND COLLISIONS. Impulse and Momentum Change. Varying Force. Rockets. Conservation of Linear Momentum. Collisions. Linear Momentum and Symmetry. 8. ROTATIONAL MOTION. Angular Displacement. Angular Velocity. Angular Acceleration. Equations of Constant Angular Acceleration. Torque. Second Condition of Equilibrium. Extended Bodies and the CenterofGravity. Torque and Rotational Inertia. Rotational Kinetic Energy. Angular Momentum. Conservation of Angular Momentum. 9. SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, AND GASES. Atomism. Density. The States of Matter. Hydrostatic Pressure. Pascal's Principle. Buoyant Force. Fluid Flow. The Continuity Equation. Bernoulli's Equation. 10. ELASTICITY AND OSCILLATIONS. Hooke's Law. Stress and Strain. Strength. Elastic Moduli. Simple Harmonic Motion. Elastic Restoring Force. The Pendulum. Damping, Forcing, and Resonance. 11. WAVES AND SOUND. Wave Characteristics. Transverse Waves: Strings. Compression Waves. Acoustics: Sound Waves. Wavefronts and Intensity. The Speed of Sound in Air. Hearing Sound. IntensityLevel. Sound Waves: Beats. Standing Waves. The Doppler Effect. 12. THERMAL PROPERTIES OF MATTER. Thermodynamic Temperature and Absolute Zero. Linear Expansion. Volumetric Expansion: Solids and Liquids. The Laws of Boyle, Charles, and GayLussac. The Ideal Gas Law. Phase Diagrams. Kinetic Theory. 13. HEAT AND THERMAL ENERGY. Heat and Temperature. Quantity of Heat. The Mechanical Equivalent of Heat. Specific Heat: Calorimetry. Melting and Freezing. Vaporization. Boiling. Radiation. Convection. Conduction. 14. THERMODYNAMICS. Conservation of Energy. Thermal Processes and Work. Isothermal Change of an Ideal Gas. Adiabatic Change of an Ideal Gas. The Carnot Cycle. Refrigeration Machines and Heat Pumps. Entropy. 15. ELECTROSTATICS: FORCES. Positive and Negative Charge. Insulators and Conductors. Coulomb's Law. Definition of the EField. Gauss's Law. The Electric Force. The Electric Field. 16. ELECTROSTATICS: ENERGY. ElectricalPE and Potential. Potential of a PointCharge. The Potential of Several Charges. Conservation of Charge. The Capacitor. Capacitors in Combination. Energy in Capacitors. 17. DIRECT CURRENT. Electric Current. Ohm's Law. Resistivity. Voltage Drops and Rises. Energy and Power. 18. CIRCUITS. Sources and Internal Resistance. Resistors in Series and Parallel. Ammeters and Voltmeters. RCCircuits. Kirchoff's Rules. 19. MAGNETISM. Permanent Magnets. The Magnetic Field. Currents and Fields. Ampere's Law. The Force of a Moving Charge. Forces on Wires. 20. ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION. Faraday's Induction Law. Motional EMF. The AC Generator. The DC Generator. Inductance. The RL Circuit: Transients. Energy in the Magnetic Field. 21. AC AND ELECTRONICS. AC and Resistance. AC and Inductance. AC and Capacitance. RCL Circuits. The Transformer. Domestic Circuits and Hazards. Semiconductors. 22. RADIANT ENERGY: LIGHT. Waves and Particles. Electromagnetic Waves. Waveforms and Wavefronts. Energy and Irradiance. The Origins of EM Radiation. Energy Quanta. Atoms and Light. Radiowaves. Microwaves. Infrared. Light. Ultraviolet. XRays. Gamma Rays. 23. THE PROPAGATION OF LIGHT: SCATTERING. Rayleigh Scattering: Blue Skies. Internal and External Reflection. The Law of Reflection. The Index of Refraction. Snell's Law. Total Internal Reflection. White, Black, and Gray. Colors. 24. GEOMETRICAL OPTICS AND INSTRUMENTS. Aspherical Surfaces. Spherical Thin Lenses. Focal Points and Planes. Extended Imagery: Lenses. A Single Lens. ThinLens Combinations. Curved Mirrors. 25. PHYSICAL OPTICS. Natural Light. Polarizers. Polarizing Processes. Young's Experiment. ThinFilm Interference. The Michelson Interferometer. SingleSlit Diffraction. The Diffraction Grating. Circular Holes and Obstacles. Holography. 26. SPECIAL RELATIVITY. The MichelsonMorley Experiment. The Two Postulates. Simultaneity and Time. The Hatter's Watch: Time Dilation. Shrinking Alice: Length Contraction. The Twin Effect. Addition of Velocities. Relativistic Momentum. Relativistic Energy. 27. THE ORIGINS OF MODERN PHYSICS. The Quantum of Charge. Cathode Rays: Particles of Charge. XRays. The Discovery of Radioactivity. Rutherford Scattering. Atomic Spectra. The Proton. The Neutron. 28. THE EVOLUTION OF QUANTUM THEORY. Blackbody Radiation. Quantization of Energy: The Photoelectric Effect. Bremsstrahlung. The Compton Effect. The Bohr Atom. Stimulated Emission: The Laser. Atomic Number. 29. QUANTUM MECHANICS. De Broglie Waves. The Principle of Complimentarity. The Schrodinger Wave Equation. Quantum Numbers. The Zeeman Effect. Spin. The Pauli Exclusion Principle. Electron Shells. The Uncertainty Principle. QED and Antimatter. 30. NUCLEAR PHYSICS. Isotopes: Birds of a Feather. Nuclear Size, Shape, and Spin. The Nuclear Force. Nuclear Stability. Radioactive Decay. The Weak Force. Gamma Decay. HalfLife. Induced Radioactivity. Fission and Fusion. 31. HIGHENERGY PHYSICS. Leptons. Hadrons. Gauge Theory. Quarks. Quantum Chromodynamics. The Electroweak Force. GUTs and Beyond: The Creation of the Universe. Answer Section. Index.