Physics in Nuclear Medicine / Edition 3

Physics in Nuclear Medicine / Edition 3

by Simon R. Cherry, James A. Sorenson, Michael E. Phelps
     
 

ISBN-10: 072168341X

ISBN-13: 9780721683416

Pub. Date: 08/12/2003

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

Experts in their fields provide up-to-date, comprehensive information on the physics underlying modern nuclear medicine and imaging using radioactively labeled tracers. They examine every aspect of the field—from basic atomic physics through radioactivity, isotope production, interaction of radiation with matter, radiation detection, and imaging systems.

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Overview

Experts in their fields provide up-to-date, comprehensive information on the physics underlying modern nuclear medicine and imaging using radioactively labeled tracers. They examine every aspect of the field—from basic atomic physics through radioactivity, isotope production, interaction of radiation with matter, radiation detection, and imaging systems. Examples are presented with solutions worked out in step-by-step detail, illustrating important concepts and calculations.

• Features a brand-new author, Dr. Simon Cherry, who contributes his cutting-edge knowledge in nuclear medicine instrumentation.
• Presents a new introductory chapter, "What is Nuclear Medicine."
• Revises and updates all chapters and appendices.
• Discusses the hottest topics in the field, including isotope production and tracer synthesis · image quality in nuclear medicine · tomographic reconstruction in nuclear medicine · SPECT · PET · computers in nuclear medicine · and more.
• Explains the analytic equations that describe the physics involved and illustrates them with graphs to make the material accessible to the non-math expert.
• Provides more advanced mathematics and concepts in appendices.
• Includes many new illustrations and examples throughout.
• Reorganizes several chapters, providing a more logical flow of information.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780721683416
Publisher:
Elsevier Health Sciences
Publication date:
08/12/2003
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
544
Product dimensions:
7.58(w) x 10.32(h) x 1.03(d)

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: What is Nuclear Medicine
a. Fundamental Concepts b. The Power of Nuclear Medicine c. Historial Overview d. Current Practice of Nuclear Medicine e. The Role of Physics in Nuclear Medicine

CHAPTER 2: Basic Atomic and Nuclear Physics
a. Quantities and Units b. Radiation c. Atoms d. Nucleur

CHAPTER 3: Modes of Radioiactive Decay
a. General Concepts b. Chemistry and Radioactivity c. Decay by Emission d. Isomeric Transition and Internal Conversion e. Electron Capture and Decay f. Positron and Decay g. Competitive and EC Decay h. Decay by Emission and Nuclear Fission i. Decay Modes and the Line of Stability j. Sources of Information on Radionuclides

CHAPTER 4: Decay of Radioactivity
a. Activity b. Exponential Decay c. Methods for Determining Decay Factors d. Image-Frame Decay Corrections e. Specific Activity f. Decay of a Mixed Radionuclide Sample g. Parent-Daughter Decay

CHAPTER 5: Isotope Production and Tracer Synthesis
a. Reactor-Produced Radionuclides b. Accelerator-Produced Radionuclides c. Radionuclide Generators d. Equations for Radionuclide Production e. Radionuclides for Nuclear Medicine f. Radiiopharmaceuticals for Clinical Applications

CHAPTER 6: Interaction of Radiation with Matter
a. Interactions of Charged Particles with Matter b. Charged-Particle Ranges c. Passage of High-Energy Photons Through Matter d. Attenuation of Photon Beams

CHAPTER 7: Radiation Detectors
a. Gas-filled Detectors b. Semi-conductor Detectors c. Scintillation Detectors

CHAPTER 8: Electronic Instrumentation for Radiation Detection
a. Preamplifiers b. Amplifers c. Pulse-Height Analyzers d. Time-to-Amplitude Converters e. Digital Counters and Ratemeters f. Coincidence Units g. High-Voltage Power Supplies h. Nuclear Instrument Modules i. Cathode Ray Tube j. Oscilloscopes k. Computer Monitors

CHAPTER 9: Nuclear Counting Statistics
a. Types of Measurement Error b. Nuclear Counting Statistics c. Propagation of Errors d. Applications of Statistical Analysis e. Statistical Tests

CHAPTER 10: Pulse Height Spectrometry
a. Basic Principles b. Spectrometry with Nal c. Spectrometry with other Detectors

CHAPTER 11: Problems in Radiation Detection and Measurement
a. Detection Efficiency b. Problems in the Detection and Measurement of Particles c. Deadtime d. Qualtity Assurance for Radiation Measureme Systems

CHAPTER 12: Counting Systems
a. Nal Well Counter b. Counting with Conventional Nal Detectors c. Liquid Scintillation Counters d. Gas-filled Detectors e. Semiconductor Detector Systems f. In Vivo Counting Systems

CHAPTER 13: The Gamma Camera: Basic Principles
a. General Concepts of Radionuclide Imaging b. Basic Principles of the Anger Camera

CHAPTER 14: Gamma Camera Performance Characteristics
a. Basic Performance Characteristics b. Detector Limitations: Nonuniformity and Nonlinearit c. Design and Performance Characteristics of Parellel-Hole Collinators d. Performance Characteristics of Converging, Diverging and Pinhole Collimators e. Measurements of Camera Performance

CHAPTER 15: Image Quality in Nuclear Medicine
a. Basic Methods for Characterizing and Evaluating Image Quality b. Spatial Resolution c. Contrast d. Noise e. Detectability and Observer Performance Studies

CHAPTER 16: Tomographic Reconstruction in Nuclear Medicine
a. General Concepts, Notation and Terminology b. Backprojection and Fourier-Based Techniques c. Image Quality in FT and FBP Techniques d. Iterative Reconstruction Algorithms e. Reconstruction of Fan-Beam and Cone-Beam Data

CHAPTER 17: Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography
a. SPECT Systems b. Practical Implementation of SPECT
c. Performance Characteristics of SPECT Systems d. Clinical Applications of SPECT

CHAPTER 18: Positron Emission Tomography
a. Annihilation Coincidence Detectioin b. PET Detector and Scanner Designs c. Dataa Acqusition for PET
d. Data Corrections and Quantitative Aspects of PET
e. Clinical and Research Applications of PET

CHAPTER 19: Computers in Nuclear Medicine

CHAPTER 20: Internal Radiation Dosimetry

CHAPTER 22: Radiation Safety and Health Physics

CHAPTER 23: Summary

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