Physics of Shock Waves and High-Temperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena


High temperatures elicit a variety of reactions in gases, including increased molecular vibrations, dissociation, chemical reactions, ionization, and radiation of light. In addition to affecting the motion of the gas, these processes can lead to changes of composition and electrical properties, as well as optical phenomena.
These and other processes of extreme conditions — such as occur in explosions, in supersonic flight, in very strong electrical discharges, and in other cases...

See more details below
$33.20 price
(Save 22%)$42.95 List Price
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (8) from $23.01   
  • New (6) from $23.01   
  • Used (2) from $33.19   
Physics of Shock Waves and High-Temperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena

Available on NOOK devices and apps  
  • NOOK Devices
  • Samsung Galaxy Tab 4 NOOK 7.0
  • Samsung Galaxy Tab 4 NOOK 10.1
  • NOOK HD Tablet
  • NOOK HD+ Tablet
  • NOOK eReaders
  • NOOK Color
  • NOOK Tablet
  • Tablet/Phone
  • NOOK for Windows 8 Tablet
  • NOOK for iOS
  • NOOK for Android
  • NOOK Kids for iPad
  • PC/Mac
  • NOOK for Windows 8
  • NOOK for PC
  • NOOK for Mac
  • NOOK for Web

Want a NOOK? Explore Now

NOOK Book (eBook)
$24.49 price
(Save 42%)$42.95 List Price


High temperatures elicit a variety of reactions in gases, including increased molecular vibrations, dissociation, chemical reactions, ionization, and radiation of light. In addition to affecting the motion of the gas, these processes can lead to changes of composition and electrical properties, as well as optical phenomena.
These and other processes of extreme conditions — such as occur in explosions, in supersonic flight, in very strong electrical discharges, and in other cases — are the focus of this outstanding text by two leading physicists of the former Soviet Union. The authors deal thoroughly with all the essential physical influences on the dynamics and thermodynamics of continuous media, weaving together material from such disciplines as gas dynamics, shock-wave theory, thermodynamics and statistical physics, molecular physics, spectroscopy, radiation theory, astrophysics, solid-state physics, and other fields.
This volume, uniquely comprehensive in the field of high-temperature gas physics and gas dynamics, was edited and annotated by Wallace D. Hayes and Ronald F. Probstein, leading authorities on the flow of gases at very high speeds. It is exceptionally well suited to the needs of graduate students in physics, as well as professors, engineers, and researchers.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780486420028
  • Publisher: Dover Publications
  • Publication date: 3/15/2002
  • Series: Dover Books on Physics Series
  • Pages: 944
  • Product dimensions: 6.44 (w) x 9.38 (h) x 1.86 (d)

Table of Contents

 Preface to the Dover Edition
 Editors' Foreword
 Preface to the English Edition
 Preface to the First Russian Edition
 Preface to the Second Russian Edition
I. Elements of gasdynamics and the classical theory of shock waves
 1. Continuous flow of an inviscid nonconducting gas
   1. The equations of gasdynamics
   2. Lagrangian coordinates
   3. Sound waves
   4. Spherical sound waves
   5. Characteristics
   6. Plane isentropic flow. Riemann Invariants
   7. Plane isentropic gas flow in a bounded region
   8. Simple waves
   9. Distortion of the wave form in a traveling wave of finite amplitude. Some properties of simple waves
   10. The rarefaction wave
   11. The centered rarefaction wave as an example of self-similar gas motion
   12. On the impossibility of the existence of a centered compression wave
 2. Shock waves
   13. Introduction to the gasdynamics of shock waves
   14. Hugoniot curves
   15. Shock waves in a perfect gas with constant specific heats
   16. Geometric interpretation of the laws governing compression shocks
   17. Impossibility of rarefaction shock waves in a fluid with normal thermodynamic properties
   18. Weak shock waves
   19. Shock waves in a fluid with anomalous thermodynamic properties
 3. Viscosity and heat conduction in gasdynamics
   20. Equations of one-dimensional gas flow
   21. Remarks on the second viscosity coefficient
   22. Remarks on the absorption of sound
   23. The structure and thickness of a weak shock front
 4. Various problems
   24. Propagation of an arbitrary discontinuity
   25. Strong explosion in a homogeneous atmosphere
   26. Approximate treatment of a strong explosion
   27. Remarks on the point explosion with counterpressure
   28. Sudden isentropic expansion of a spherical gas cloud into vacuum
   29. Conditions for the self-similar sudden expansion of a gas cloud into vacuum
II. Thermal radiation and radiant heat exchange in a medium
 1. Introduction and basic concepts
 2. Mechanisms of emission, absorption, and scattering of light in gases
 3. Equilibrium radiation and the concept of a perfect black body
 4. Induced emission
   4a. Induced emission of radiation in the classical and quantum theories and the laser effect
 5. The radiative transfer equation
 6. Integral expressions for the radiation intensity
 7. Radiation fromm a plane layer
 8. The brightness temperature of the surface of a nonuniformly heated body
 9. Motion of a fluid taking into account radiant heat exchange
 10. The diffusion approximation
 11. The "forward-reverse" approximation
 12. Local equilibrium and the approximation of radiation heat conduction
 13. Relationship between the diffusion approximation and the radiation heat conduction approximation
 14. Radiative equilibrium in stellar photospheres
 15. Solution to the plane photosphere problem
 16. Radiation energy losses of a heated body
 17. Hydrodynamic equations accounting for radiation energy and pressure and radiant heat exchange
 18. The number of photons as an invariant of the classical electromagnetic field
III. Thermodynamic properties of gases at high temperatures
 1. Gas of noninteracting particles
   1. Perfect gas with constant specific heats and invariant number of particles
   2. Calculation of thermodynamic functions using partition functions
   3. Dissociation of diatomic molecules
   4. Chemical reactions
   5. Ionization and electronic excitation
   6. The electronic partition function and the role of the excitation energy of atoms
   7. Approximate methods of calculation in the region of multiple ionization
   8. Interpolation formulas and the effective adiabatic exponent
   9. The Hugoniot curve with dissociation and ionization
   10. The Hugoniot relations with equilibrium radiation
 2. Gases with Coulomb interactions
   11. Rarefied ionized gases
   12. Dense gases. Elements of Fermi-Dirac statistics for an electron gas
   13. The Thomas-Fermi model of an atom and highly compressed cold materials
   14. Calculation of thermodynamic functions of a hot dense gas by the Thomas-Fermi method
IV. Shock tubes
 1. The use of shock tubes for studying kinetics in chemical physics
 2. Principle of operation
 3. Elementary shock tube theory
 4. Electromagnetic shock tubes
 5. Methods of measurement for various quantities
V. Absorption and emission of radiation in gases at high temperatures
 1. Introduction. Types of electronic transitions
 1. Continuous spectra
 2. Bremsstrahlung emission from an electron in the Coulomb field of an ion
   2a. Bremsstrahlung emission from an electron scattered by a neutral atom
 3. Free-free transitions in a high-temperature ionized gas
 4. Cross section for the capture of an electron by an ion with the emission of a photon
 5. Cross section for the bound-free absorption of light by atoms and ions
 6. Continuous absorption coeficient in a gas of hydrogen-like atoms
 7. Continuous absorption of light in a monatomic gas in the singly ionized region
 8. Radiation mean free paths for multiply ionized gas atoms                                   

VI. Rates of Relaxation Processes in Gases

VII. Shock Wave Structure in Gases
VIII. Physical and chemical kinetics in hydrodynamic processes
 1. Dynamics of a nonequilibrium gas
   1. The gasdynamic equations in the absence of thermodynamic equilibrium
   2. Entropy increase
   3. Anomalous dispersion and absorption of ultrasound
   4. The dispersion law and the absorption coefficient for ultrasound
 2. Chemical reactions
   5. Oxidation of nitrogen in strong explosions in air
 3. Disturbance of thermodynamic equilibrium in the sudden expansion of a gas into vacuum
   6. Sudden expansion of a gas cloud
   7. Freezing effect
   8. Disturbance of ionization equilibrium
   9. The kinetics of recombination and cooling of the gas following the disturbance of ionization equilibrium
 4. Vapor condensation in an isentropic expansion
   10. Saturated vapor and the origin of condensation centers
   11. The thermodynamics and kinetics of the condensation process
   12. Condensation in a cloud of evaporated fluid suddenly expanding into vacuum
   13. On the problem of the mechanism of formation of cosmic dust. Remarks on laboratory investigations of condensation
IX. Radiative phenomena in shock waves and in strong explosions in air
 1. Luminosity of strong shock fronts in gases
   1. Qualitative dependence of the brightness temperature on the true temperature behind the front
   2. Photon absorption in cold air
   3. Maximum brightness temperature for air
   4. Limiting luminosity of very strong waves in air
 2. Optical phenomena observed in strong explosions and the cooling of the air by radiation
   5. Gen
   12. The spark discharge in air
 3. Structure of cooling wave fronts
   13. Statement of the problem
   14. Radiation flux from the surface of the wave front
   15. Temperature distribution in the front of a strong wave
   16. Consideration of adiabatic cooling
X. Thermal waves
 1. The thermal conductivity of a fluid
 2. Nonlinear (radiation) heat conduction
 3. Characteristic features of heat propagation by linear and nonlinear heat conduction
 4. The law of propagation of thermal waves from an instantaneous plane source
 5. Self-similar thermal waves from an instantaneous plane source
 6. Propagation of heat from an instantaneous point source
 7. Some self-similar plane problems
 8. Remarks on the penetration of heat into moving media
 9. Self-similar solutions as limiting solutions of nonself-similar problems
 10. Heat transfer by nonequilibrium radiation
XI. Shock waves in solids
 1. Introduction
   1. Thermodynamic properties of solids at high pressures and temperatures
   2. Compression of a cold material
   3. Thermal motion of atoms
   4. Equation of state for a material whose atoms undergo small vibrations
   5. Thermal excitation of electrons
   6. A three-term equation of state
 2. The Hugoniot curve
   7. Hugoniot curve for a condensed substance
   8. Analytical representation of Hugoniot curves
   9. Weak shock waves
   10. Shock compression of porous materials
   11. Emergence of weak shock waves from the free surface of a solid
   12. Experimental methods of determining Hugoniot curves for solids
   13. Determination of cold compression curves from the results of shock compression experiments
 3. Acoustic waves and splitting of waves
   14. Static deformation of a solid
   15. Transition of a solid medium into the plastic state
   16. Propagation speed of acoustic waves
   17. Splitting of compression and unloading waves
   18. Measurement of the speed of sound in a material compressed by a shock wave
   19. Phase transitions and splitting of shock waves
   20. Rarefaction shock waves in a medium undergoing a phase transition
 4. Phenomena associated with the emergence of a very strong shock wave at the free surface of a body
   21. Limiting cases of the solid and gaseous states of an unloaded material
   22. Criterion for complete vaporization of a material on unloading
   23. Experimental determination of temperature and entropy behind a very strong shock by investigating the unloaded material in the gas phase
   24. Luminosity of metallic vapors in unloading
   25. Remarks on the basic possibility of measuring the entropy behind a shock wave from the luminosity during unloading
 5. Some other phenomena
   26. Electrical conductivity of nonmetals behind shock waves
   27. Measuring the index of refraction of a material compressed by a shock wave
XII. Some self-similar processes in gasdynamics
 1. Introduction
   1. Transformation groups admissible by the gasdynamic equations
   2. Self-similar motions
   3. Conditions for self-similar motion
   4. Two types of self-similar solutions
 2. Implosion of a spherical shock wave and the collapse of bubbles in a liquid
   5. Statement of the problem of an imploding shock wave
   6. Basic equations
   7. Analysis of the equations
   8. Numerical results for the solutions
   9. Collapse of bubbles. The Rayleigh problem
   10. Collapse of bubbles. Effect of compressibility and viscosity
 3. The emergence of a shock wave at the surface of a star
   11. Propagation of a shock wave for a power-law decrease in density
   12. On explosions of supernovae and the origin of cosmic rays
 4. Motion of a gas under the action of an impulsive load
   13. Statement of the problem and general character of the motion
   14. Self-similar solutions and the energy and momentum conservation laws
   15. Solution of the equations
   16. Limitations on the similarity exponent imposed by conservation of momentum and energy
   17. Passage of the nonself-similar motion into the limiting regime and the "infinite" energy in the self-similar solution
   18. Concentrated impact on the surface of a gas (explosion at the surface)
   19. Results from simplified considerations of the self-similar motions for concentrated and line impacts
   20. Impact of a very high-speed meteorite on the surface of a planet
   21. Strong explosion in an infinite porous medium
 5. Propagation of shock waves in an inhomogeneous atmosphere with an exponential density distribution
 22. Strong point explosion
 23. Self-similar motion of a shock wave in the direction of increasing density
 24. Application of the self-similar solution to an explosion
 25. Self-similar motion of a shock wave in the direction of decreasing density application to an explosion
 Cited References
 Appendix: Some often used constants, relations between units, and formulas
 Author Index, Subject Index

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)