Physiology and Behaviour of Plants / Edition 1by Peter Scott
Pub. Date: 03/31/2008
Physiology and Behaviour of Plants looks at plants and how they sense and respond to their environment. It takes the traditional plant physiology book into a new dimension by demonstrating how the biochemical observations underlie the behaviour of the plant. In many ways the book parallels courses studied at university on animal physiology and/b>/i>
Physiology and Behaviour of Plants looks at plants and how they sense and respond to their environment. It takes the traditional plant physiology book into a new dimension by demonstrating how the biochemical observations underlie the behaviour of the plant. In many ways the book parallels courses studied at university on animal physiology and behaviour. The plant has to meet the same challenges as an animal to survive, but overcomes these challenges in very different ways. Students learn to think of plants not only as dynamic organisms, but aggressive, territorial organisms capable of long-range communication.
Hallmark features include:
- Based on a successful course that the author has run for several years at Sussex University, UK
- Relates plant biochemistry to plant function
- Printed in four colour throughout
- Includes a wealth of illustrations and photographs that engages the reader’s attention and reinforce key concepts explored within the text
- Presents material in a modern ‘topic’ based approach, with many relevant and exciting examples to inspire the student
- An accompanying web site will include teaching supplements
This innovative textbook is the ultimate resource for all students in biology, horticulture, forestry and agriculture.
Companion website for this title is available at www.wiley.com/go/scott/plants
- Publication date:
- Product dimensions:
- 8.05(w) x 10.53(h) x 0.89(d)
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introducing Plants.
The beginning: the evolution of plants and the major divisions.
Conquering the land.
The evolution of lignin.
Plants and mass extinction.
Floristic kingdoms, Biogeography and Biomes.
What makes a plant?
Structure of the whole plant.
Structure of the plant cell.
The cell wall.
Chapter 2 Photosynthesis the ultimate in autotrophy.
Light harvesting .
Chlorophyll and the chloroplast.
Converting light energy into chemical energy.
The Calvin cycle.
Carbohydrate synthesis and storage.
The fate of carbon fixed during photosynthesis.
The efficiency of photosynthesis.
Chapter 3 Nonphotosynthetic metabolism.
Structure of the phloem.
Coping with damage to the phloem.
The sink tissues.
Sink regulation of photosynthesis.
Chapter 4 Roots and the uptake of water.
Types of root.
Functions of roots.
Structure of roots.
Loading and movement in the xylem.
Chapter 5 Mineral nutrition of plants.
Soil structure and mineral ions.
General ion uptake.
Phosphorus uptake and assimilation.
Nitrogen uptake and assimilation.
Iron uptake and assimilation.
Sulphur uptake and assimilation.
Function and effects of deficiencies of mineral ions on plants.
Chapter 6 Mycorrhizal Associations and Saprophytic Nutrition.
Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal associations.
Orchidaceous mycorrhizal associations.
Development of the mycorrhizal association.
The role of the mycorrhizal association.
Chapter 7 Parasitic plants.
Establishing a parasitic relationship.
Facultative parasitic plants.
Obligate parasitic plants, hemi-parasites.
Obligate parasitic plants, holo-parasites.
Parasitic species other than the dicotyledons.
Chapter 8 Carnivorous Plants.
Carnivory: the search for a definition.
Why have some plants turned to carnivory?
Bladderworts (genus Utricularia).
Sundews (genus Drosera).
Background general reading.
Chapter 9 Asexual and Sexual Reproduction.
Wind based pollination.
Insect based pollination.
Mechanisms for improving cross fertilisation.
Self incompatibility mechanisms.
Chapter 10 Plant growth.
Types of growth.
Cell division and the cell cycle.
Polyploidy in plants.
Seed formation and germination.
The dividing meristem.
Vascular cambium and secondary growth.
Plant growth regulators and cell growth.
Chapter 11 Plant Movement.
Tropism and nastic movements.
Chapter 12 Plants and stress.
Adaptations to drought stress.
Crassulacean acid metabolism.
Flooding stress and anoxia.
Adaptations to heat stress.
Chapter 13 Plant senses and perceiving the world.
Sensing light (sight).
Sensing touch (feeling).
Sensing chemicals (taste).
Sensing sounds (hearing).
Table 1. Ratios of red to far-red light in different environments. The data is based on that reported by Hopkins (1999).
Chapter 14 Seed dispersal, dormancy and germination.
Importance of post-dispersal mechanisms.
Dormancy and germination.
Factors governing dormancy and germination.
Presence of germination inhibitors.
Presence of inhibitory tissues.
Presence of germination promoters.
Chapter 15 Interactions with the Animal Kingdom.
Animal mediated pollination.
Mimicry in plants.
Seed dispersal and food reserves: the role of humans.
Chapter 16 Plant defences.
Physical defence structures.
The cell wall.
The cell wall as a passive barrier.
The cell wall as an active barrier.
Poisons by injection or touch.
Nitrogen-containing organic compounds.
Defence reactions and signal pathways.
Mimicry and the enrolment of other organisms for protection.
Chapter 17 Plants and Medicines.
Doctrine of signatures.
Viper’s bugloss (Echium vulgare).
The origins of aspirin.
The origins of antimalarial drugs.
St John’s Wort (Hypericum spp.).
Natural alternatives to Viagra.
Natural treatments for AIDS.
A cure for certain cancers.
Sustainable development of medicines from plants.
Chapter 18 Plant Tissue Culture and the Rise of Plant Biotechnology.
The development of plant tissue culture media.
Components of the medium.
Plant growth regulators.
Tissue culture sterility.
Types of plant tissue culture.
Applications of plant tissue culture.
Chapter 19 Remarkable Plants.
Insect mimicry in the Orchidaceae.
The Venus Flytrap.
The oldest and biggest plants in the world.
Welwitschia mirabilis and Ephedra viridis.
The Castor bean plant.
Wheat and agriculture.
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