Physiology of Behavior / Edition 10

Hardcover (Print)
Rent
Rent from BN.com
$31.40
(Save 83%)
Est. Return Date: 06/18/2014
Buy Used
Buy Used from BN.com
$141.90
(Save 25%)
Item is in good condition but packaging may have signs of shelf wear/aging or torn packaging.
Condition: Used – Good details
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $29.70
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 84%)
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (16) from $29.70   
  • New (3) from $169.47   
  • Used (13) from $29.65   
Close
Sort by
Page 1 of 1
Showing All
Note: Marketplace items are not eligible for any BN.com coupons and promotions
$169.47
Seller since 2010

Feedback rating:

(205)

Condition:

New — never opened or used in original packaging.

Like New — packaging may have been opened. A "Like New" item is suitable to give as a gift.

Very Good — may have minor signs of wear on packaging but item works perfectly and has no damage.

Good — item is in good condition but packaging may have signs of shelf wear/aging or torn packaging. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Acceptable — item is in working order but may show signs of wear such as scratches or torn packaging. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Used — An item that has been opened and may show signs of wear. All specific defects should be noted in the Comments section associated with each item.

Refurbished — A used item that has been renewed or updated and verified to be in proper working condition. Not necessarily completed by the original manufacturer.

New
Hardcover New 0205666272 New Condition ~~~ Right off the Shelf-BUY NOW & INCREASE IN KNOWLEDGE...

Ships from: Geneva, IL

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Canadian
  • International
  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
  • Express, 48 States
  • Express (AK, HI)
$195.00
Seller since 2014

Feedback rating:

(113)

Condition: New
Brand new.

Ships from: acton, MA

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
$195.00
Seller since 2014

Feedback rating:

(113)

Condition: New
Brand new.

Ships from: acton, MA

Usually ships in 1-2 business days

  • Standard, 48 States
  • Standard (AK, HI)
Page 1 of 1
Showing All
Close
Sort by

Overview

MyPsychKit is an online resource that contains book-specific practice tests, chapter summaries, learning objectives, flashcards, weblinks, Research Navigator, and media-rich activities that enhance topics covered in your textbook. To purchase access to MyPsychKit, look for an access code card shrink-wrapped with your book in the bookstore, or purchase immediate access online with a credit card at http://www.mypsychkit.com.

Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

Booknews
New edition of a text in which Carlson (U. of Massachusetts) discusses the physiology of behavior and includes some of the advances made in research, i.e. targeted mutations against an enormous variety of genes, insertion of genes that put fluorescent dyes on protein products, single-photon scanning laser microscopy, and others. The 19 chapters cover introductory material; structure and functions of cells of the nervous system; structure of the nervous system; psychopharmacology; methods and strategies of research; vision; control of movement; sleep and biological rhythms; audition, and the body and chemical senses; reproductive and ingestive behavior, learning and memory, relational learning and amnesia, human communication, schizophrenia and the affective disorders; anxiety, autistic, and stress disorders; and drug abuse. Contains some color illustrations. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205666270
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 1/23/2009
  • Series: MyPsychKit Series
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 10
  • Pages: 752
  • Product dimensions: 8.30 (w) x 10.90 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Neil Carlson, U Mass Amherst

Emeritus at the University of Masschusetts at Amherst, Neil Carlson is an active researcher focusing on the relationship between the brain and behavior – specifically the role of the limbic system in learning and species-typical behavior. Dr. Carlson received his undergraduate degree and Ph.D. from the University of Illinois. In addition to writing Psychology: The Science of Behavior, Dr. Carlson is also the author of two best-selling physiology of behavior textbooks – Psychology: The Science of Behavior and Foundations of Physiological Psychology.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Brief Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

Chapter 2 Structure and Functions of Cells of the Nervous System 28

Chapter 3 Structure of the Nervous System 68

Chapter 4 Psychopharmacology 102

Chapter 5 Methods and Strategies of Research 134

Chapter 6 Vision 169

Chapter 7 Audition, the Body Senses, and the Chemical Sense 212

Chapter 8 Control of Movement 262

Chapter 9 Sleep and Biological Rhythms 295

Chapter 10 Reproductive Behavior 329

Chapter 11 Emotion 366

Chapter 12 Ingestive Behavior 400

Chapter 13 Learning and Memory 439

Chapter 14 Human Communication 485

Chapter 15 Neurological Disorders 520

Chapter 16 Schizophrenia and the Affective Disorders 554

Chapter 17 Anxiety Disorders, Autistic Disorder, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, and Stress Disorders 585

Chapter 18 Drug Abuse 613

Detailed Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

UNDERSTANDING HUMAN CONSCIOUSNESS: A PHYSIOLOGICAL APPROACH

Blindsight 4

Split Brains 4

Unilateral Neglect 7

Interim Summary 9

THE NATURE OF PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY 9

The Goals of Research 10

Biological Roots of Physiological Psychology 10

Interim Summary 14

NATURAL SELECTION AND EVOLUTION 14

Functionalism and the Inheritance of Traits 14

Evolution of the Human Species 17

Evolution of Large Brains 20

Interim Summary 22

ETHICAL ISSUES IN RESEARCH WITH ANIMALS 23

CAREERS IN NEUROSCIENCE 24

Interim Summary 25

STRATEGIES FOR LEARNING 26

SUGGESTED READINGS 27

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES 27

Chapter 2 Structure and Functions of Cells of the Nervous System 28

CELLS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM 30

Neurons 30

Supporting Cells 36

The Blood-Brain Barrier 40

Interim Summary 41

COMMUNICATION WITHIN A NEURON 42

Neural Communication: An Overview 42

Measuring Electrical Potentials of Axons 43

The Membrane Potential: Balance of Two Forces 45

The Action Potential 47

Conduction of the Action Potential 49

Interim Summary 52

COMMUNICATION BETWEEN NEURONS 53

Structure of Synapses 53

Release of Neurotransmitter 55

Activation of Receptors 57

Postsynaptic Potentials 59

Termination of Postsynaptic Potentials 60

Effects of Postsynaptic Potentials: Neural Integration 62

Autoreceptors 62

Other Types of Synapses 63

Nonsynaptic Chemical Communication 64

Interim Summary 66

SUGGESTED READINGS 67

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES 67

Chapter 3 Structure of the Nervous System 68

BASIC FEATURES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM 69

An Overview 72

Meninges 72

The Ventricular System and Production of CSF 73

Interim Summary 76

THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM 76

Development of the Central Nervous System 77

The Forebrain 82

The Midbrain 91

The Hindbrain 93

The Spinal Cord 94

Interim Summary 95

THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM 96

Spinal Nerves 96

Cranial Nerves 97

The Autonomic Nervous System 97

Interim Summary 101

SUGGESTED READINGS 101

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES 101

Chapter 4 Psychopharmacology 102

PRINCIPLES OF PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY 104

Pharmacokinetics 104

Drug Effectiveness 107

Effects of Repeated Administration 108

Placebo Effects 109

Interim Summary 110

SITES OF DRUG ACTION 110

Effects on Production of Neurotransmitters 111

Effects on Storage and Release of Neurotransmitters 111

Effects on Receptors 112

Effects on Reuptake or Destruction of Neurotransmitters 113

Interim Summary 114

NEUROTRANSMITTERS AND NEUROMODULATORS 114

Acetylcholine 115

The Monamines 118

Amino Acids 124

Peptides 127

Lipids 128

Nucleosides 130

Soluble Gases 130

Interim Summary 131

SUGGESTED READINGS 133

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES 133

Chapter 5 Methods and Strategies of Research 134

EXPERIMENTAL ABLATION 136

Evaluating the Behavioral Effects of Brain Damage 136

Producing Brain Lesions 136

Stereotaxic Surgery138

Histological Methods 139

Tracing Neural Connections 143

Studying the Structure of the Living Human Brain 146

Interim Summary 149

RECORDING AND STIMULATING NEURAL ACTIVITY 151

Recording Neural Activity 151

Recording the Brain’s Metabolic Activity 153

Stimulating Neural Activity 155

Interim Summary 159

NEUROCHEMICAL METHODS 160

Finding Neurons That Produce Particular Neurochemicals 160

Localizing Particular Receptors 162

Measuring Chemicals Secreted in the Brain 163

Interim Summary 164

GENETIC METHODS 165

Twin Studies 166

Adoption Studies 166

Targeted Mutations 166

Antisense Oligonucleotides 167

Interim Summary 167

SUGGESTED READINGS 167

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES 168

Chapter 6 Vision 169

THE STIMULUS 171

ANATOMY OF THE VISUAL SYSTEM 172

The Eyes 172

Photoreceptors 174

Connections Between Eye and Brain 176

Interim Summary 178

CODING OF VISUAL INFORMATION IN THE RETINA 179

Coding of Light and Dark 179

Coding of Color 181

Interim Summary 185

ANALYSIS OF VISUAL INFORMATION: ROLE OF THE STRIATE CORTEX 186

Anatomy of the Striate Cortex 186

Orientation and Movement 186

Spatial Frequency 187

Retinal Disparity 189

Color 189

Modular Organization of the Striate Cortex 190

Interim Summary 191

ANALYSIS OF VISUAL INFORMATION: ROLE OF THE VISUAL ASSOCIATION CORTEX 192

Two Streams of Visual Analysis 192

Perception of Color 195

Perception of Form 196

Perception of Movement 202

Perception of Spatial Location 206

Interim Summary 209

SUGGESTED READINGS 211

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES 211

Chapter 7 Audition, the Body Senses, and the Chemical Sense 212

AUDIITON 212

The Stimulus 212

Anatomy of the Ear 214

Auditory Hair Cells and the Transduction of Auditory Information 216

The Auditory Pathway 218

Perception of Pitch 221

Perception of Loudness 224

Perception of Timbre 224

Perception of Spatial Location 225

Perception of Complex Sounds 229

Interim Summary 233

VESTIBULAR SYSTEM 234

Anatomy of the Vestibular Apparatus 234

The Receptor Cells 235

The Vestibular Pathway 235

Interim Summary 237

SOMATOSENSES 237

The Stimuli 237

Anatomy of the Skin and Its Receptive Organs 238

Perception of Cutaneous Stimulation 238

The Somatosensory Pathways 242

Perception of Pain 243

Interim Summary 248

GUSTATION 250

The Stimuli 250

Anatomy of the Taste Buds and Gustatory Cells 250

Perception of Gustatory Information 251

The Gustatory Pathway 253

Interim Summary 254

OLFACTION 255

The Stimulus 255

Anatomy of the Olfactory Apparatus 255

Transduction of Olfactory Information 257

Perception of Specific Odors 257

Interim Summary 260

SUGGESTED READINGS 260

ADDITIONAL RESOURC ES 261

Chapter 8 Control of Movement 262

MUSCLES 263

Skeletal Muscle 263

Smooth Muscle 266

Cardiac Muscle 267

Interim Summary 267

REFLEXIVE CONTROL OF MOVEMENT 268

The Monosynaptic Stretch Reflex 268

The Gamma Motor System 270

Polysynaptic Reflexes 270

Interim Summary 272

CONTROL OF MOVEMENT BY THE BRAIN 272

Organization of the Motor Cortex 273

Cortical Control of Movement: The Descending Pathways 274

Planning and Initiating Movements: Role of the Motor Association Cortex 277

Imitating and Comprehending Movements: Role of the Mirror Neuron System 280

Control of Reaching and Grasping 283

Deficits of Skilled Movements: The Apraxias 284

The Basal Ganglia 285

The Cerebellum 289

The Reticular Formation 292

Interim Summary 293

SUGGESTED READINGS 294

ADDITONAL RESOURCES 294

Chapter 9 Sleep and Biological Rhythms 295

A PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BEHAVIORAL DESCRIPTION OF SLEEP 295

Stages of Sleep 295

Mental Activity During Sleep 300

Interim Summary 301

DISORDERS OF SLEEP 301

Insomnia 301

Narcolepsy 302

REM Sleep Behavior Disorder 304

Problems Associated with Slow-Wave Sleep 304

Interim Summary 305

WHY DO WE SLEEP? 306

Functions of Slow-Wave Sleep 306

Functions of REM Sleep 308

Sleep and Learning 309

Interim Summary 310

PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS OF SLEEP AND WAKING 311

Chemical Control of Sleep 311

Neural Control of Arousal 312

Neural Control of Slow-Wave Sleep 314

Neural Control of REM Sleep 317

Interim Summary 320

BIOLOGICAL CLOCKS 321

Circadian Rhythms and Zeitgebers 321

The Suprachiasmatic Nucleus 322

Control of Seasonal Rhythms: The Pineal Gland and Melatonin 326

Changes in Circadian Rhythms: Shift Work and Jet Lag 327

Interim Summary 328

SUGGESTED READINGS 328

SUGGESTED READINGS 328

Chapter 10 Reproductive Behavior 329

SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT 330

Production of Gametes and Fertilization 330

Development of the Sex Organs 331

Sexual Maturation 334

Interim Summary 336

HORMONAL CONTROL OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR 337 Hormonal Control of Female Reproductive Cycles 338

Hormonal Control of Sexual Behavior of Laboratory Animals 338

Organizational Effects of Androgens on Behavior: Masculinization and Defeminization 340

Effects of Pheromones 341

Human Sexual Behavior 344

Sexual Orientation 346

Interim Summary 352

NEURAL CONTROL OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR 353

Males 353

Females 355

Formation of Pair Bonds 358

Interim Summary 359

PARENTAL BEHAVIOR 360

Maternal Behavior of Rodents 360

Hormonal Control of Maternal Behavior 361

Neural Control of Maternal Behavior 362

Neural Control of Paternal Behavior 364

Interim Summary 364

SUGGESTED READINGS 365

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES 365

Chapter 11 Emotion 366

EMOTIONS AS RESPONSE PATTERNS 367

Fear 368

Anger, Aggression, and Impulse Control 372

Hormonal Control of Aggressive Behavior 380

Interim Summary 384

COMMUNICATION OF EMOTIONS 385

Facial Expression of Emotions: Innate Responses 385

Neural Basis of the Communication of Emotions: Recognition 386

Neural Basis of the Communication of Emotions: Expression 391

Interim Summary 395

FEELINGS OF EMOTIONS 396

The James-Lange Theory 396

Feedback from Simulated Emotions 397

Interim Summary 399

SUGGESTED READINGS 399

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES 399

Chapter 12 Ingestive Behavior 400

PHYSIOLOGICAL REGULATORY MECHANISMS 401

DRINKING 402

Some Facts About Fluid Balance 403

Two Types of Thirst 404

Neural Mechanisms of Thirst 407

Interim Summary 408

EATING: SOME FACTS ABOUT METABOLISM 409

Interim Summary 412

WHAT STARTS A MEAL? 412

Signals from the Environment 412

Signals from the Stomach 413

Metabolic Signals 414

Interim Summary 415

WHAT STOPS A MEAL? 416

Head Factors 416

Gastric Factors 416

Intestinal Factors 416

Liver Factors 417

Insulin 418

Long-Term Satiety: Signals from Adipose Tissue 418

Interim Summary 419

BRAIN MECHANISMS 420

Brain Stem 420

Hypothalamus 420

Interim Summary 426

OBESITY 427

Possible Causes 427

Treatment 430

Interim Summary 433

ANOREXIA NERVOSA/BULIMIA NERVOSA 434

Possible Causes 435

Treatment 436

Interim Summary 437

SUGGESTED READINGS 438

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES 438

Chapter 13 Learning and Memory 439

THE NATURE OF LEARNING 440

Interim Summary 443

SYNAPTIC PLASTICITY: LONG-TERM POTENTIATION AND LONG-TERM DEPRESSION 444

Induction of Long-Term Potentiation 444

Role of NMDA Receptors 446

Mechanisms of Synaptic Plasticity 448

Long-Term Depression 452

Other Forms of Long-Term Potentiation 453

Interim Summary 454

PERCEPTUAL LEARNING 454

Learning to Recognize Stimuli 454

Perceptual Short-Term Memory 456

Interim Summary 457

CLASSICAL CONDITIONING 458

Interim Summary 459

INSTRUMENTAL CONDITIONING 460

Basal Ganglia 460

Reinforcement 461

Interim Summary 465

RELATIONAL LEARNING 465

Human Anterograde Amnesia 465

Spared Learning Abilities 467

Declarative and Nondeclarative Memories 468

Anatomy of Anterograde Amnesia 469

Role of the Hippocampal Formation in Consolidation of Declarative Memories 471

Episodic and Semantic Memories 475

Spatial Memory 476

Relational Learning in Laboratory Animals 477

Interim Summary 483

SUGGESTED READINGS 484

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES 484

Chapter 14 Human Communication 485

SPEECH PRODUCTION AND COMPREHENSION: BRAIN MECHANISMS 486

Lateralization 486

Speech Production 487

Speech Comprehension 491

Aphasia in Deaf People 501

Prosody: Rhythm, Tone, and Emphasis in Speech 502

Stuttering 504

Interim Summary 505

DISORDERS OF READING AND WRITING 507

Relation to Aphasia 507

Pure Alexia 507

Toward an Understanding of Reading 508

Toward an Understanding of Writing 515

Developmental Dyslexias 517

Interim Summary 518

SUGGESTED READINGS 519

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES 519

Chapter 15 Neurological Disorders 520

TUMORS 521

SEIZURE DISORDERS 523

CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENTS 527

Interim Summary 531

DISORDERS OF DEVELOPMENT 532

Toxic Chemicals 532

Inherited Metabolic Disorders 533

Down Syndrome 534

Interim Summary 534

DEGENERATIVE DISORDERS 535

Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies 535

Parkinson’s Disease 537

Huntington’s Disease 541

Alzheimer’s Disease 543

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 548

Multiple Sclerosis 549

Korsakoff’s Syndrome 550

Interim Summary 551

DISORDERS CAUSED BY INFECTIOUS DISEASES 552

Interim Summary 553

SUGGESTED READINGS 553

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES 553

Chapter 16 Schizophrenia and the Affective Disorders 554

SCHIZOPHRENIA 556

Description 556

Heritability 557

Pharmacology of Schizophrenia: The Dopamine Hypothesis 558

Schizophrenia as a Neurological Disorder 560

Interim Summary 50

MAJOR AFFECTIVE DISORDERS 572

Description 572

Heritability 573

Biological Treatments 573

The Monoamine Hypothesis 576

The Amygdala and the Prefrontal Cortex: Role of the 5-HT Transporter 577

Role of Neurogensis 580

Role of Circadian Rhythms 581

Interim Summary 583

SUGGESTED READINGS 584

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES 584

Chapter 17 Anxiety Disorders, Autistic Disorder, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, and Stress Disorders 585

ANXIETY DISORDERS 587

Panic Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and Social Anxiety Disorder 587

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder 589

Interim Summary 593

AUTISTIC DISORDER 593

Description 593

Possible Causes 594

Interim Summary 597

ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER 598

Description 598

Possible Causes 598

Interim Summary 601

STRESS DISORDERS 601

Physiology of the Stress Response 601

Health Effects of Long-Term Stress 603

Effects of Stress on the Brain 604

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder 606

Psychoneuroimmunology 608

Interim Summary 611

SUGGESTED READINGS 612

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES 612

Chapter 18 Drug Abuse 613

COMMON FEATURES OF ADDICTION

A Little Background

Positive Reinforcement

Negative Reinforcement

Craving and Relapse

Interim Summary

COMMONLY ABUSED DRUGS

Opiates

Stimulant Drugs: Cocaine and Amphetamine

Nicotine

Alcohol

Cannabis

Interim Summary

HEREDITY AND DRUG ABUSE

Interim Summary

THERAPY FOR DRUG ABUSE

Interim Summary

SUGGESTED READINGS

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

REFERENCES 641

NAME INDEX

SUBJECT INDEX

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously
Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 1, 2009

    No text was provided for this review.

Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews

If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
Why is this product inappropriate?
Comments (optional)