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The leading textbook for undergraduate exercise physiology courses, Physiology of Sport and Exercise, is back in an updated fourth edition that is better than ever after extensive external reviews of the previous edition by nine content experts. Renowned authors Jack Wilmore and David Costill add the expertise of W. Larry Kenney to bring a fresh perspective to the organization and content of the fourth edition.
Building on the positive feedback of previous editions, Physiology of Sport and Exercise, Fourth Edition, presents the complex relationship between human physiology and exercise in a format that is more comprehensive for students than other comparable texts. Ease of reading and understanding is the cornerstone for this popular text, and students will experience a depth and breadth of content balanced with unique and effective learning features:
-Online learning. The text is automatically packaged with an access code for the online student guide. With the inclusion of the access code in the text, students will be reminded to access the Web site more readily. The convenient Web site format of the student guide allows students to practice, review, and develop knowledge and skills about the physiology of sport and exercise.
-Accessible layout. The book is divided into seven parts, each with opening text that briefly describes the contents of the chapters in that part. Chapter outlines with page numbers help students locate material, including the related online study guide activities.
-Keys to comprehension. In each chapter, key points and key terms are highlighted. The key terms are listed at the end of the chapter and defined in the glossary, thus increasing students' opportunities for recall, transfer of information, and self-testing.
-Review and reflection. Review boxesscattered throughout each chapter remind students of the major points presented. Study questions allow students to test their knowledge of the chapter's contents. Reminders of available study guide activities encourage students to explore additional learning opportunities.
-Reference and extended study. A comprehensive glossary and a thorough index help students navigate both the text and subject matter. Plus, a listing of references and selected readings provide additional information about topics of special interest.
-Abbreviations and conversions. A list of common abbreviations on the inside front cover and a list of conversions on the inside back cover of the text provide a quick and easy reference for students while they complete labs and assignments.
In an effort to reduce “backpack bulge,” the fourth edition has been carefully streamlined to offset the addition of new chapters or pages. Updated research, modernized artwork, and a reorganization of material provide a focused and effective presentation of concepts within a slightly smaller—and lighter—textbook. Chapters regarding nutrition and body composition are now combined to reduce information overlap, and references and selected readings from each chapter are grouped at the end of the text.
The authors, all distinguished researchers and past presidents of the American College of Sports Medicine, combine their expertise to deliver a level of technical content superior to that in previous editions with the inclusion of new and updated topics:
-New information regarding exercise training principles and the adaptations in muscle, hormonal control, neural control, metabolism, and cardiorespiratory function with both resistance training and aerobic and anaerobic training
-A more in-depth presentation of the body's adaptations in hot and cold environments and at altitude
-Updated content on how general principles of exercise and sport physiology are specifically applied to children and adolescents, older individuals, and women
-The latest research in exercise prescription for health and fitness, including the unique role of physical activity for rehabilitation and the prevention and control of cardiovascular disease, obesity, and diabetes
To facilitate a more integrated learning experience, both students and instructors can take advantage of the online ancillaries included in the fourth edition of Physiology of Sport and Exercise. The free online student study guide offers an improved interface and new learning activities that complement each chapter in the book. Additionally, helpful study guide reminders and the inclusion of an access code within the book prompt students to access the online guide to practice, review, and develop their understanding of chapter concepts.
Students can also use the guide's dynamic and interactive learning activities to conduct experiments outside the lab. Key concepts are reinforced as students conduct self-made experiments and record their own physiological responses to exercise. In addition, the study guide offers access links to scientific and professional journals as well as organization and career information.
Physiology of Sport and Exercise, Fourth Edition, stands alone as the best, most comprehensive resource framing the latest research findings in a reader-friendly format. This winning combination makes it easier—and more engaging—than ever for students to develop their understanding of the body's marvelous abilities to perform various types and intensities of exercise and sport, to adapt to stressful situations, and to improve its physiological capacities.
Includes an online student study guide!
To assist students using the text, Physiology of Sport and Exercise, Fourth Edition, has a companion online student study guide. Completely integrated with the text, the study guide allows students to experience content through multiple dimensions. Students will receive free access to the study guide with the purchase of a new text, or it may be purchased as a separate component. The site offers self-rating checklists that allow students to target concepts they need extra help with and unique “My Notes” study aids that are customizable and can be saved to a student's computer. Activity feedback presents specific text page references to review for incorrect responses. Additional resources in the online study guide include glossary terms that are emphasized on their first appearance and include a pop-up definition, quizzes that test students' knowledge of the material, and links to professional journals as well as organization and career information to extend students' knowledge beyond the school environment.
The book contains predominantly color illustrations, with some black-and-white illustrations.
How can you make the best textbook in the field of sport and exercise physiology better? Leave it to authors Jack Wilmore and David Costill, two of the field's most respected scholars, to do so. The thoroughly revised second edition of Physiology of Sport and Exercise redefines the discipline's standard for textbooks. Improved features Here's what makes Physiology of Sport and Exercise an even better resource: * A better organization of the field's subject matter * Dynamic graphic presentations-featuring four-color photographs, graphs, and illustrations-that complement the text and encourage a deeper understanding * Clarity of language and reader-friendly presentation of information including color-coded chapters, chapter outlines, key terms and points, summary boxes, study questions, glossary and index * Thoroughly updated information based on the latest research findings * A new student study guide that features active learning exercises * Metric as well as imperial measurements Supporting materials The new edition includes dramatically improved and expanded supporting ancillary materials to help instructors teach the course. The text's supporting materials include the following: * An electronic Instructor Guide new to this edition, free with course adoptions * A revised and improved Test Bank, free with course adoptions * A much expanded Graphics Package for PowerPoint or slide presentations, free with course adoptions Plus, instructors have the added convenience of being able to travel to a website to retrieve some of the course's ancillary materials. Organization of the text The logical order of the text has been retained, and it provides a comprehensive overview of the field without being overwhelming. Wilmore and Costill thoroughly explain all concepts so students can comprehend rather than simply memorize. The text masterfully provides a solid foundation of basic physiology from which to better interpret and understand sport and exercise physiology. In Parts I through III, the authors review the major body systems and examine the body's acute response to exercise and its chronic response to training. In Part IV, students learn how the environment affects these responses. Part V examines various approaches used to optimize performance. Part VI focuses on unique concerns of special populations involved in physical activity, and Part VII examines the importance of physical activity to lifelong health. Updated information The second edition has been updated to include current information regarding the following: * Structure and compartmentalization of myofibrils and the sliding filament theory * Neuromuscular factors and individual muscle fiber hypertrophy with resistance training * Ergogenic aids including L-tryphtophan, branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), L-carnitine, creatine, chromium, and glycerol * Recent results from longitudinal studies of older athletes * And much more!
Reviewer: Jonathan Dugas, PhD (UIC College of Applied Health Sciences) Description: This textbook covers all of the foundational aspects of exercise physiology in sufficient detail for new students. Improvements over the 2004 edition include enhanced sections on thermoregulation and aging. Purpose: The purpose is to set forth all the foundational aspects of exercise physiology. It is important for new students in this field to learn the basics before moving on to more specialized reading. This book covers all the classical areas of the discipline. Audience: The primary audience is undergraduate students, with a secondary audience of any students new to this area of study. The authors have decades of experience and have hundreds of scientific publications between them. Features: Every discipline consists of a specific amount of foundational knowledge, and this book covers all the important concepts of exercise physiology such as training adaptations, metabolism, thermoregulation, and exercise and disease. Unique to this book is an interactive study guide for students and a slide bank and test question bank for instructors. Assessment: This is a good tool for new students in exercise physiology. While not the definitive book, it is good for undergraduates because of its ease of use and the inclusion of a study guide. Because of the enhanced sections on thermoregulation and aging, as well as disease and exercise, this new edition is justified.
This is a textbook for exercise physiology students. This book intends to deal with exercise physiology issues and to provide the student with a comprehensive review of this field. This book is written on an appropriate level for its intended audience (students). The authors are credible and experienced. This book has a clean, concise appearance, with high-quality illustrations. It is well organized. This book is an excellent addition to any reference library. Although it is intended for students, this book will also be appreciated by more experienced readers.
A textbook for a graduate or undergraduate course, emphasizing how the body responds to the high physiological demands of physical activity. Covers the essentials of movement, energy for movement, cardiorespiratory function and performance, environmental influences on performance, optimizing performance in sport, age and sex considerations, and physical activity for health and fitness. Revised from the 1994 edition with more learning aids and supplementary material. Highly illustrated, mostly in color. Includes a glossary without pronunciation. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
4 Stars! from Doody
Jack H. Wilmore, PhD, is the Margie Gurley Seay Centennial professor emeritus of the department of kinesiology and health education at the University of Texas at Austin. He retired in 2003 from Texas A&M University as a distinguished professor in the department of health and kinesiology. From 1985 to 1997, Wilmore was the chair of the department of kinesiology and health education at the University of Texas at Austin. During that time he was also a Margie Gurley Seay Endowed Centennial professor. Prior to that, he served on the faculties at the University of Arizona, the University of California, and Ithaca College. Wilmore earned his PhD in physical education from the University of Oregon in 1966.
Wilmore has published 53 chapters, more than 320 peer-reviewed research papers, and 15 books on exercise physiology. He is one of five principal investigators for the HERITAGE Family Study, a large multicenter clinical trial investigating the possible genetic basis for the variability in the responses of physiological measures and risk factors for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes to endurance exercise training. Wilmore's research interests include determining the role of exercise in the prevention and control of both obesity and coronary heart disease. He is also interested in determining the mechanisms accounting for alterations in physiological function with training and detraining and factors limiting the performance of elite athletes.
A former president of the American College of Sports Medicine, Wilmore was the recipient of the American College of Sports Medicine's Honor Award in 2006. In addition to serving as chair for many ACSM organizational committees, Wilmore served on the United States Olympic Committee's Sports Medicine Council and chaired their Research Committee. He is currently a member of the American Physiological Society and a fellow and former president of the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education.
Wilmore has served as a consultant for several professional sports teams, the California Highway Patrol, the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sport, NASA, and the U.S. Air Force. He has served on editorial boards for journals such as Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, International Journal of Obesity, Sports Medicine, Journal of Pediatric Exercise Science, Journal of Sports Nutrition, Physician and Sportsmedicine, and Clinical Exercise Physiology.
In his free time Wilmore enjoys Bible study, running, walking, and playing with his grandchildren. He and his wife, Dottie, have three daughters (Wendy, Kristi, and Melissa) and six grandchildren.
David L. Costill, PhD, is the emeritus John and Janice Fisher chair in exercise science at Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana. He established the Ball State University Human Performance Laboratory in 1966 and served as its director for over 32 years.
Costill has written and coauthored more than 400 publications over the course of his career, including books, peer-reviewed articles, and lay publications. He served as the editor in chief of the International Journal of Sports Medicine for 12 years. Between 1971 and 1998, he averaged 25 U.S. and international lecture trips each year. He was president of the ACSM from 1976 to 1977, a member of its board of trustees for 12 years, and a recipient of ACSM Citation and Honor Awards. Many of his former students are now leaders in the field of exercise physiology.
Costill received his PhD in physical education and physiology from Ohio State University in 1965. He and his wife, Judy, have two daughters, Jill and Holly. In his leisure time, Costill is a private pilot, experimental airplane builder, competitive masters swimmer, and runner.
W. Larry Kenney, PhD, is a professor of physiology and kinesiology at Pennsylvania State University in University Park, Pennsylvania. Working at Penn State's Noll Laboratory, Kenney is currently researching the effects of aging and elevated cholesterol on the control of blood flow in human skin. He is also studying the effects of heat and dehydration on the skill performance of athletes and the effects of heat and cold on health and well-being as well as exercise and sport performance.
Kenney served as president of the American College of Sports Medicine from 2003 to 2004 and is currently the chair of the Gatorade Sports Science Institute in Barrington, Illinois. He is a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine and a fellow of the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education. As a member of the American Physiological Society, Kenney received the organization's Citation for Distinguished Service in 2005.
For his service to the university and his field, Kenney has been awarded Penn State University's Faculty Scholar Medal, the Evan G. and Helen G. Pattishall Distinguished Research Career Award, and the Pauline Schmitt Russell Distinguished Research Career Award.
Kenney is a member of the editorial and advisory boards for several journals, including Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Current Sports Medicine Reports (inaugural board member), and Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews. He has also served on the editorial and advisory boards of the Journal of Applied Physiology, Human Performance, Fitness Management, and ACSM's Health & Fitness Journal (inaugural board member).
Kenney received his PhD in physiology from Penn State University in 1983. He and his wife, Patti, have three children: Matt, Alex, and Lauren. In his free time he enjoys golfing, running, and coaching youth baseball.
An Introduction to Exercise and Sport Physiology
Focus of Exercise and Sport Physiology
Acute and Chronic Responses to Exercise
Research: The Foundation for Understanding
Part I. Exercising Muscle
Chapter 1. Structure and Function of Exercising Muscle
Functional Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle
Skeletal Muscle and Exercise
Chapter 2. Fuel for Exercising Muscle: Metabolism and Hormonal Control
Metabolism and Bioenergetics
Chapter 3. Neural Control of Exercising Muscle
Overview of the Nervous System
Structure and Function of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Chapter 4. Energy Expenditure and Fatigue
Measuring Energy Expenditure
Energy Expenditure at Rest and During Exercise
Fatigue and Its Causes
Part II. Cardiovascular and Respiratory Function
Chapter 5. The Cardiovascular System and Its Control
Chapter 6. The Respiratory System and Its Regulation
Transport of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide in the Blood
Gas Exchange at the Muscles
Regulation of Pulmonary Ventilation
Chapter 7. Cardiorespiratory Responses to Acute Exercise
Cardiovascular Responses to Acute Exercise
Respiratory Responses to Acute Exercise
Part III. Exercise Training
Chapter 8. Principles of Exercise Training
General Principles of Training
Resistance Training Programs
Anaerobic and Aerobic Power Training Programs
Chapter 9. Adaptations to Resistance Training
Resistance Training and Gains in Muscular Fitness
Mechanisms of Gains in Muscle Strength
Resistance Training for Special Populations
Chapter 10. Adaptations to Aerobic and Anaerobic Training
Adaptations to Aerobic Training
Adaptations to Anaerobic Training
Specificity of Training and Cross-Training
Part IV. Environmental Influences on Performance
Chapter 11. Exercise in Hot and Cold Environments: Thermoregulation
Body Temperature Regulation
Physiological Responses to Exercise in the Heat
Health Risks During Exercise in the Heat
Acclimation to Exercise in the Heat
Exercise in the Cold
Physiological Responses to Exercise in the Cold
Health Risks During Exercise in the Cold
Adaptation to Exercise in the Cold
Chapter 12. Exercise at Altitude
Hypobaric Environments: Conditions at Altitude
Physiological Responses to Acute Altitude Exposure
Exercise and Sport Performance at Altitude
Acclimatization: Prolonged Exposure to Altitude
Altitude: Optimizing Training and Performance
Health Risks of Acute Exposure to Altitude
Part V. Optimizing Performance in Sport
Chapter 13. Training for Sport
Optimizing Training: A Model
Tapering for Peak Performance
Chapter 14. Body Composition and Nutrition for Sport
Body Composition in Sport
Nutrition and Sport
Chapter 15. Ergogenic Aids and Sport
Researching Ergogenic Aids
Part VI. Age and Sex Considerations in Sport and Exercise
Chapter 16. Children and Adolescents in Sport and Exercise
Growth, Development, and Maturation
Body Composition: Growth and Development of Tissues
Physiological Responses to Acute Exercise
Physiological Adaptations to Exercise Training
Motor Ability and Sport Performance
Chapter 17. Aging in Sport and Exercise
Height, Weight, and Body Composition
Physiological Responses to Acute Exercise
Physiological Adaptations to Exercise Training
Chapter 18. Sex Differences in Sport and Exercise
Body Size and Composition
Physiological Responses to Acute Exercise
Physiological Adaptations to Exercise Training
Part VII. Physical Activity for Health and Fitness
Chapter 19. Prescription of Exercise for Health and Fitness
Health Benefits of Exercise: The Great Awakening
Monitoring Exercise Intensity
Exercise and Rehabilitation of People With Diseases
Chapter 20. Cardiovascular Disease and Physical Activity
Forms of Cardiovascular Disease
Understanding the Disease Process
Determining Individual Risk
Reducing Risk Through Physical Activity
Risk of Heart Attack and Death During Exercise
Chapter 21. Obesity, Diabetes, and Physical Activity