Phytochemicals: A new Paradigm

Overview

The phytochemical industry has entered a rapid growth phase internationally. Market demands are driving product development, while science tries to identify specific components that contribute health giving properties at physiological exposure levels. This book presents the findings of multidisciplinary research on the identification of active components in plant products and their possible physiologic benefits in the management or prevention of disease. Findings include: the latest epidemiological evidence on ...

See more details below
Hardcover
$203.87
BN.com price
(Save 7%)$220.00 List Price
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (3) from $43.99   
  • New (2) from $182.06   
  • Used (1) from $43.99   
Sending request ...

Overview

The phytochemical industry has entered a rapid growth phase internationally. Market demands are driving product development, while science tries to identify specific components that contribute health giving properties at physiological exposure levels. This book presents the findings of multidisciplinary research on the identification of active components in plant products and their possible physiologic benefits in the management or prevention of disease. Findings include: the latest epidemiological evidence on the association of fruits and vegetables and reduced risk of a variety of tumors; the role of tocotrienols in atherosclerosis and cancer prevention; the balance between known benefits and risks of free radical oxidation chemistry; metabolic pathways of carotenoids and their potential role in the prevention of cancer and age-related macular degeneration; a model for viewing interactions between phytochemicals. Also discussed are the potential applications for fungal components as food ingredients and supplement products and components of garlic and onions, including changes caused by processing of garlic nutritional supplements. A final chapter discusses developing claims for new phytochemical products.

Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

Booknews
The once alternative but increasingly mainstream new diet-health paradigm extols the natural compounds in foods for disease prevention and treatment. Ten papers address the role of phytochemicals in fruits and vegetables in relation to cancer risk and chronic disease (with garlic and onions meriting their own chapter); their specific actions in metabolism; interactions; a case study of algal-derived beta-carotene; emerging applications of fungi; and issues in developing claims for conventional foods, medical food products, and dietary supplements. Based on a 1996 conference co-sponsored by the Rehnborg Center for Nutrition Wellness, Amway Corp., and the College of Agriculture, California State Polytechnic U., Ponoma. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781566766845
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • Publication date: 9/14/1998
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 179
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

VEGETABLES, FRUIT AND CANCER RISK: THE ROLE OF PHYTOCHEMICALS
Diet and Cancer Risk: Fruits and Vegetables
• Epidemiologic Evidence: Selected Example
• Classification of Fruits and Vegetables
• Biologic Plausibility: A Conceptual Framework
• Bioactive Compounds in Fruits and Vegetables: Selected Examples
• Fruit and Vegetable Intake in the U.S.

PHYTOCHEMICALS AND TARGETS OF CHRONIC DISEASE
Chemistry of Oxidation
• Antioxidant Control of Oxidation
• Prevention of Oxidation Formation
• Scavenging of Activated Oxidants
• Antioxidants
• A Balance between Prooxidants and Antioxidants
• Xenobiotic Mechanism
• Diseases Whose Causes Can Directly Damage Certain Targets and Promote Disease
• Oxidant Signaling Can Promote Certain Diseases
• Cell Activation by Oxidants Can Promote Certain Diseases
• Unresolved Issues

TOCOTRIENOLS IN METABOLISM
Biochemistry
• Animal Studies
• Human Studies
• Tocotrienols and Atherosclerosis
• Avian Studies
• Mode of Action
• Dose Dependent Inhibition of HMGCoA Reductase
• Tocotrienols and Cancer
• Grain Amaranth Tocols

PHYTOCHEMICAL INTERACTIONS: ß-CAROTENE, TOCOPHEROL AND ASCORBIC ACID
Biological and Biochemical Significance of Vitamin E
• Antioxidant Role
• Prooxidant Activity
• Biological and Biochemical Significance of Ascorbic Acid
• Antioxidant Properties
• Prooxidant Effects of Ascorbic Acid
• Biological and Biochemical Significance of ß-Carotene
• Antioxidant vs. Prooxidant Properties
• Ascorbic Acid Interactions with Tocopherol
• ß-Carotene Interactions with Tocopherol
• Ascorbic Acid and Other Carotenoid Interactions with ß-Carotene

DISTRIBUTION, BIOAVAILABILITY, AND METABOLISM OF CAROTENOIDS IN HUMANS
Evidence for Nutritional Benefit of Carotenoids in Disease Prevention
• Epidemiological Studies
• Carotenoid Distribution in Fruits and Vegetables, Human Serum and Breastmilk
• Carotenoids in Human Organs and Tissues
• In vitro Studies of Chemopreventive Properties
• A Recent in vivo Study with Rodents
• Bioavailability of Lutein and Zeaxanthin from Purified Supplements
• Metabolic Transformation of Carotenoids in Humans

CAROTENOID-CAROTENOID INTERACTIONS
Intestinal Metabolism and Absorption of Carotenoids in Disease Prevention
• Micellar Solubilization
• Uptake by Enterocytes
• Intracellular Transport
• Cleavage of Provitamin A Carotenoids
• Incorporation into Intestinal Lipoproteins
• Postprandial Kinetics of ß-Carotene and Oxycarotenoids
• Postprandial Interactions of ß-Carotene and Oxycarotenoids
• Health Implications

CASE STUDY: DUNALIELLA ALGAL-DERIVED ß-CAROTENE
Biology and Halotolerance
• ß-Carotene Production
• Caroteneogenesis
• Biotechnology of ß-Carotene Production by Dunaliella
• Extraction and Concentration
• Natural versus Synthetic ß-Carotene
• Dunaliella Market Products
• Commercial Producers

THE ORGANOSULFUR AND ORGANOSELENIUM COMPONENTS OF GARLIC AND ONIONS
Thiosulfinates in Allium Homogenates: Garlic Organosulfur Compounds
• The Lachrymatory Factor (LF) and Other Onion Organosulfur Compounds
• Organoselenium Compounds in Garlic and Onion
• Transformation of Allium flavorants Following Cooking and Ingestion
• Commercially Available Garlic Preparations
• Summary of Allium Biological Activity

EMERGING APPLICATIONS OF FUNGAL CHEMISTRY
Ecological, Evolutionary, and Biochemical Attributes of Fungi Relative to Human Nutrition and Health
• Human Perspectives
• Biochemical Affinities between Fungi, Plants and People
• Fungal Biochemical Pathways and Products of Special Interest
• Fungal Chemistry in Nutrition and health
• Contributions to Knowledge from Traditional and Scientific Sources
• Medicinal Fungi of Special Interest
• Medical Chemistry of Lentinus edobes (Shiiatake)
• Medicinal Chemistry of Ganoderma lucidum (LingZhi or Reishi)
• Medicinal Chemistry of Cordyceps Species (Chan Hua, Semitake, Tochukaso)
• General Nutritional Chemistry from Fungi
• Fungal Chemistry Supporting Food Characteristics and Preparative Technologies
• Future uses of Fungi to Expand the Diversity and Utility of Phytochemical Resources
• Modification of Phytochemicals by Fungi
• Biomass Reduction and Potential Chemical Derivatives
• Saccharization and Other Processing

DEVELOPING CLAIMS FOR NEW PHYTOCHEMICAL PRODUCTS
Consumer Attitudes about Food Labels
• Regulatory Categories for Phytochemicals

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)